March 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • Mar 1 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • Mar 1 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • Mar 1 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
  • Mar 1 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 2 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • Mar 3 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Mar 5 Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway began
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Mar 11 Japanese troop land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 19 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • Mar 20 Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 20 Beginning of a period of heavy German air assault on Malta
  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 23 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 British destroyer HMS Campbeltown explodes in St Nazaire: 400 Germans die
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29 The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Mar 2 John Irving, NH, short-story writer (World According to Garp)
  • Mar 2 Kwang Jo Choi, the founder of Choi Kwang- do and is one of the twelve original Masters of Taekwon-Do.
  • Mar 3 Vladimir Vasilyevich Kovolyonok, USR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 29/31, T-4)
  • Mar 4 Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
  • Mar 5 Michael D[iamond] Resnick, sci-fi author (Sideshow, Eros Ascending)
  • Mar 5 Felipe González, Prime Minister of Spain 1982-96), born in Seville
  • Mar 7 Michael Eisner, Mt Kisko NY, CEO (Walt Disney)
  • Mar 7 Paul Preuss, US, sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire)
  • Mar 7 Tommy F Robinson, (Rep-D-AR, 1985- )
  • Mar 7 Charles R. Boutin, American politician
  • Mar 8 Ralph Ellis, England, rhythm (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • Mar 12 Salvatore "the Bull" Gravano, mobster (testified against Gotti)
  • Mar 12 Ratko Mladić, Republika Srpska leader
  • Mar 13 Dave Cutler, American software engineer
  • Mar 14 John Whittaker, English real estate developer (Peel Holdings)
  • Mar 16 James Soong, Taiwanese politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 17 John Wayne Gacy, serial killer (32 boys), born in Chicago, Illinois

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • Mar 17 Sidney K Barthelmy, US politician(?)
  • Mar 19 David Minge, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • Mar 22 Dick Pound, Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • Mar 23 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • Mar 26 Erica Jong, [Mann], author (Fear of Flying), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 27 Raymond J McGrath, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • Mar 27 John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 27 Michael Jackson, English writer (d. 2007)
  • Mar 28 Neil Kinnock, Tredegar, Wales, leader of the British opposition (Labour Party)
  • Mar 28 Samuel Ramey, Colby Kansas, American operatic bass (La Scala)
  • Mar 28 Daniel Dennett, American philosopher
  • Mar 28 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
  • Mar 29 Larry Pressler, (Sen-R-SD, 1979- )
  • Mar 30 George Esson, Chief Constable (Dumfries & Galloway)
  • Mar 31 Michael Savage, American talk radio host and commentator
  • Mar 31 Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi (25) weds politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi (29) at Anand Bhavan

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)
  • Mar 3 Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
  • Mar 8 Jose R Capablanca, Cuban chess player (world champ 1927), dies at 53
  • Mar 10 William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • Mar 12 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • Mar 19 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)
  • Mar 28 Herman A van Karnebeek, Dutch foreign minister (1918-27), dies at 67
  • Mar 28 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31
  • Mar 30 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81