May 1942 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins in the Pacific (1st sea battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign.
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, Go Down, Moses, is published.

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British/Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
  • May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
  • May 27 Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi "Deputy Reich Protector of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia" is shot & mortally wounded in Prague in in Operation Anthropoid
  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II
  • May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague
  • May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1
  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor
  • May 31 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury

Birthdays in History

  • May 3 Dave Marash, American journalist
  • May 3 C.L. Otter, American politician, governor of Idaho
  • May 6 Rin Kaiho, professional Go player
  • May 8 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • May 8 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • May 9 John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
  • May 10 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, BurkinabĂ© politician
  • May 11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • May 12 Barry B[rookes] Longyear, US, sci-fi author (City of Baraboo)
  • May 12 Dumitru Dediu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • May 12 Timothy Hugh Brown, theatre critic
  • May 13 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • May 14 Byron L Dorgan, (Rep-D-ND, 1981- )
  • May 14 Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • May 15 Anthony Wayne England, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • May 15 Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
  • May 17 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • May 18 Keith Hellawell, Chief Constable (West Yorkshire)
  • May 18 Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, English aristocrat, banker and philanthropist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 19 Gary Kildall, American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)

Computer scientist Gary Kildall
Computer scientist
Gary Kildall
  • May 19 James Topping, author of CP/M
  • May 20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • May 20 Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
  • May 21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • May 21 Robert C Springer, Col USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 22 Pallo Jordan, South African ANC member/heads (Radio Freedom)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 22 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • May 23 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • May 26 Ray Ennis, England, guitar (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • May 27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • May 27 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • May 28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 29 Pierre Bourque, Former mayor of Montreal
  • May 30 Dan Miller, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • May 31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

May 9 Physicist Robert Hofstadter (27) weds Nancy Givan

HeartWedding of Interest

May 23 Comic book artist Jack Kirby (24) weds Roz Goldstein

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby

Deaths in History

  • May 3 Johan H Westerveld, lt-col/leader Order Service, executed
  • May 3 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1873)
  • May 5 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • May 16 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • May 19 [Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll, Norwegian author (Enken), dies at 69
  • May 31 Reinhard Heydrich, German protector of Bohemia & Moravia, assassinated