October 1942 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight
  • Oct 1 Little Golden Books (children's books) begins publishing
  • Oct 2 RMS Queen Mary, carrying thousands of US troops, slices cruiser HMS Curacao in half, killing 239

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Oct 3 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • Oct 4 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 5 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred
  • Oct 5 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards
  • Oct 6 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • Oct 7 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • Oct 7 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)
  • Oct 7 Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • Oct 7 Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal to become wrestling champ
  • Oct 8 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
  • Oct 9 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy
  • Oct 10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • Oct 11 -Oct 12] Naval battle at Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 12 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • Oct 12 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • Oct 14 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • Oct 14 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • Oct 14 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 15 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • Oct 16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Oct 20 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • Oct 22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • Oct 22 US gens Clark & Lemnitzer & French gen Mast meet secretly in Algeria
  • Oct 23 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • Oct 23 During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • Oct 23 German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 24 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • Oct 25 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • Oct 25 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Field Marshal Rommel back in North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 26 Second day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 26 Fourth day of battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
  • Oct 26 Battle of Santa Cruz: Japanese naval offensive against US forces near Solomon Islands
  • Oct 27 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • Oct 27 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • Oct 28 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • Oct 28 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • Oct 29 Seventh day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • Oct 29 Alaska highway completed
  • Oct 29 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • Oct 30 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • Oct 30 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
  • Oct 31 U-boats sink and damage 120 allied ships this month (659,457 tons)
  • Oct 31 9th day of the Battle of El Alamein

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 4 Karl W. Richter, American aviator (d. 1967)
  • Oct 9 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • Oct 10 Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister
  • Oct 10 James Marshall, American illustrator/author (George and Martha, The Stupids), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1992)
  • Oct 11 Malvin Whitfield, Bay City Tx, track star (Oly-3 gold/silv/br-48, 52)
  • Oct 11 Victor H Fazio, (Rep-D-California, 1979- )
  • Oct 15 James A Leach, (Rep-R-Iowa, 1977- )
  • Oct 18 Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
  • Oct 19 Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • Oct 21 Les AuCoin, (Rep-D-OR, 1975- )
  • Oct 23 Anita Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 Michael Crichton, novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)

  • Oct 26 John P "Jannie" Roux, South African sect to pres (Botha/De Klerk)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts), dies
  • Oct 8 Sergei Chaplygin, Soviet engineer
  • Oct 10 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • Oct 15 Dirk Bannink, nurse/local counciller Deventer, executed
  • Oct 16 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • Oct 18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • Oct 22 Gustave "Staff" de Clercq, leader Flemish Nationally Covenant, dies
  • Oct 22 Sybren Tulip, NSBer/supt of police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies
  • Oct 23 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
  • Oct 27 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)