April 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 3 Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • Apr 5 Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium's worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
  • Apr 5 Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • Apr 5 Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days
  • Apr 6 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • Apr 6 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • Apr 6 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Apr 7 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 7 British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • Apr 7 Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
  • Apr 8 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 10 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape nazis
  • Apr 10 General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia
  • Apr 11 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
  • Apr 12 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • Apr 13 Catholic University Nijegen closes
  • Apr 13 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial
  • Apr 13 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 14 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later
  • Apr 15 Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase
  • Apr 16 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
  • Apr 16 Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
  • Apr 17 Marshal Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
  • Apr 17 SS-Gruppenführer (Lt Gen) Jurgen Stoop arrives in Warsaw
  • Apr 19 SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw
  • Apr 19 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • Apr 22 German counter attack in North-Tunisia
  • Apr 22 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • Apr 23 British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta
  • Apr 25 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket is instituted.
  • Apr 27 Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters, leaders of the illegal CPN party in Holland, arrested
  • Apr 27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
  • Apr 28 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • Apr 28 German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa
  • Apr 28 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia
  • Apr 29 Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis
  • Apr 29 Noel Coward's "Present Laughter" premieres in London
  • Apr 29 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • Apr 30 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • Apr 30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • Apr 30 Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed" premieres in London

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer
  • Apr 4 Ian Robertson, British museum director (National Army Museum)
  • Apr 6 Harry Conroy, trade unionist
  • Apr 8 Michael Bennett, aids victim/choreographer (Chorus Line)
  • Apr 8 Tony Banks, English politician (Lab)
  • Apr 8 William Garth Morrison, Chief scout
  • Apr 8 James Herbert, horror writer (The Rats), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • Apr 11 E J Dommering, Dutch lawyer
  • Apr 11 John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich, British entrepreneur, politician and nobleman
  • Apr 11 Elmer R Wilsoe, Island mayor (Curacao)
  • Apr 13 Billy Kidd, American skier
  • Apr 14 Clarice Elaine Gaylord, director of research grants (EPA)
  • Apr 14 Yvonne Vriens-Auerbach, Dutch MP (CDA)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Robert Lefkowitz, American physician (Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in NYC, New York

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Robert Lefkowitz
  • Apr 16 Ewald Vanvugt, author (Kiss of Delight, Seed of Love)
  • Apr 20 Ian Watson, British sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon)
  • Apr 22 Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • Apr 23 Carmen von Thyssen, Barcelona Spain, Baroness
  • Apr 23 Herve Villechaize, France, "Da Plane! Da Plane!" (Fantasy Island)
  • Apr 26 Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect
  • Apr 28 John Oliver Creighton, Orange Tx, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 51G, 36, 48)
  • Apr 30 Bobby Vee, American pop singer (Night has a Thousand Eyes), born in Fargo, North Dakota (d. 2016)
  • Apr 30 Robert L Livingston, (Rep-R-Louisiana, 1977- )
  • Apr 30 Frederick Chiluba, former Zambian president (1991-2001)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter/sculptor, dies at 54
  • Apr 5 Aleš Hrdlička, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • Apr 7 Jovan Ducic, Serbian poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72
  • Apr 7 Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)
  • Apr 8 Paul Colin, Belgian journalist/collaborator, executed
  • Apr 14 Asser B Kleerekoper, SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
  • Apr 15 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1882)
  • Apr 18 I Yamamoto, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies
  • Apr 19 Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • Apr 19 Kurt Huber, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • Apr 19 Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • Apr 24 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • Apr 29 Sidney A K Keyes, English poet (Foreign Gate), dies at 20
  • Apr 30 Beatrice Potter Webb, British writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
  • Apr 30 Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist, dies in Auschwitz
  • Apr 30 Otto Jespersen, Danish philologist (b. 1860)