January 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • Jan 1 Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown
  • Jan 3 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • Jan 3 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • Jan 5 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • Jan 5 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • Jan 9 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 1st US president to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 11 US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
  • Jan 12 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Hitler declares "Total War"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 13 Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • Jan 13 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • Jan 14 FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II
  • Jan 14 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
  • Jan 14 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke
  • Jan 14 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel by airplane
  • Jan 14 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins (Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt)
  • Jan 15 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • Jan 15 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed
  • Jan 15 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • Jan 15 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • Jan 16 -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • Jan 16 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • Jan 16 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • Jan 16 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
  • Jan 17 Tin Can Drive Day in the US, salvage collected for the war effort
  • Jan 18 Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad
  • Jan 18 US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • Jan 18 The first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • Jan 19 Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
  • Jan 19 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • Jan 20 Lead, South Dakota, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
  • Jan 20 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans
  • Jan 21 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • Jan 21 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • Jan 21 Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
  • Jan 22 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 22 Battle of Anzio: Italy; Allies stopped on beach[1944]-
  • Jan 22 Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th
  • Jan 22 Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD
  • Jan 23 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 23 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • Jan 23 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
  • Jan 24 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death
  • Jan 24 Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Jan 27 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • Jan 29 New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • Jan 29 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 29 U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • Jan 30 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • Jan 30 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • Jan 30 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • Jan 30 Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
  • Jan 30 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • Jan 30 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • Jan 31 39 U-boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
  • Jan 31 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • Jan 31 Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • Jan 1 Tony Knowles, 9th Governor of Alaska
  • Jan 4 Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
  • Jan 6 Osvaldo Soriano, writer
  • Jan 6 Paul James Nunn, mountaineer
  • Jan 7 Nicholas Warner, test Pilot
  • Jan 7 Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb (d. 1955)
  • Jan 9 Robert Drewe, Australian author
  • Jan 9 Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • Jan 14 Shannon Lucid, Shanghai China, astronaut (STS 51G, 34, 43, 58, 76/79)
  • Jan 17 Daniel Charles Brandenstein, Watertown Wi, ast (STS 8, 51-G, 32, 49)
  • Jan 17 René Préval, President of Haiti
  • Jan 18 Kay Granger, American politician
  • Jan 19 Margriet Francisca, Dutch Princess
  • Jan 20 Roeland HG "Roel" van Duyn, Dutch Provo politician
  • Jan 22 H James "Jim" Saxton, (Rep-R-NJ, 1984- )
  • Jan 23 William E "Bill" Gibb, Scottish fashion designer
  • Jan 26 Sherian Grace Cadoria, brigadier general
  • Jan 27 A H Harper, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • Jan 29 Charles Fitzgerald-Lombard, Abbot of Downside

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. military officer who gave "a message to Garcia" (b. 1857)
  • Jan 3 Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia (b. 1863)
  • Jan 5 George Washington Carver, famous African American scientist, dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 7 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist (tesla motor), dies at 86

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • Jan 7 George Washington Crile, American Surgeon (blood transfusion, surgical shock), dies at 78
  • Jan 8 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (b. 1919)
  • Jan 9 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • Jan 10 J Arthur S Berson, Austrian meteorologist, dies at 83
  • Jan 11 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, dies at 66
  • Jan 11 Carlo Tresca, NY's Italian newspaper editor/anti-fascist, murdered
  • Jan 12 Jan R T Campert, Dutch resistance fighter/poet (18 Dead), dies at 40
  • Jan 12 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea dies at 75
  • Jan 13 Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
  • Jan 16 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
  • Jan 23 Alexander Woollcott, critic, dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56
  • Jan 24 John Burns, British minister of Local Government (1905-14), dies
  • Jan 26 Nikolai Vavilov, geneticist, Saratovv labour camp, dies
  • Jan 26 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)