July 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Jul 7 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • Jul 7 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 8 4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model uses last tank reserve
  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232
  • Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of battle at Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • Jul 12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 13 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania Sicily
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Jul 23 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah begins - RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating firestorm and killing 42,600
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • Jul 28 Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 28 World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • Jul 31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 3 Geraldo Rivera, [Gerry Rivers], American news personality (20/20, Geraldo), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 3 Norman E Thagard, Marianna Fl, MD/astro (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir)
  • Jul 4 Milan Máčala, Czech football coach
  • Jul 8 Faye Wattleton, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 9 John H Casper, USAF/astronaut (STS 36, 54, 62, 77), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Jul 15 Diligenti quintuplets, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Jul 15 Jocelyn Burnell, astronomer
  • Jul 16 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • Jul 16 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • Jul 19 Roy Dunbard Bridges Jr, Col USAF/astro (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jul 22 Yoran Ben Ami, Israel, producer/president (Triumph Pictures)
  • Jul 22 Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
  • Jul 23 Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Henk Vos, chemical analyst/Dutch politician (PvdA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 26 Peter Hyams, director (2010, Capricorn 1, Relic, Timecop)
  • Jul 29 David Taylor, English snooker player
  • Jul 30 Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician
  • Jul 31 Stephanie Forrester (Bold & the Beautiful)
  • Jul 31 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar

Deaths in History

  • Jul 1 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • Jul 1 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • Jul 1 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jul 1 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 4 Wladyslaw Sikorski, gen/PM of Poland in exile (1939-43), dies at 62
  • Jul 8 Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • Jul 8 Jean "Max" Moulin, French resistance fighter, executed
  • Jul 13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter, dies at 50
  • Jul 17 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-general of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), dies at 72
  • Jul 23 Emanuel Querido, Dutch publisher, murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71