May 1943 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
  • May 1 Food rationing begins in US
  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
  • May 1 Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
  • May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • May 9 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • May 14 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463
  • May 15 Warsaw ghetto uprising ends in its destruction

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs
  • May 16 German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw
  • May 16 Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.
  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • May 20 French, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
  • May 22 1st jet fighter is tested
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 22 Stalin disbands Komintern
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • May 27 US forbids racial discrimination in war industry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 29 Meat & cheese rationed in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • May 31 42 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month

Birthdays in History

  • May 3 John Costello, historian
  • May 4 Mikhail Chemiakin, Russian painter
  • May 6 Andreas Baader, leader of the German organization Red Army Faction (d. 1977)
  • May 7 Peter Horak, jetboat jumper
  • May 7 Peter Carey, Australian author (True History of the Kelly Gang), born in Bacchus Marsh, Victoria
  • May 8 Toni Tennille, American singer-songwriter, keyboardist (Captain & Tennille) and female Beach Boy, born in Montgomery, Alabama
  • May 10 James Earl Chaney, US civil rights activist
  • May 10 Richard Darman, American economist
  • May 14 Alan B Mollohan, (Rep-D-WV, 1983- )
  • May 14 Elizabeth Ray, Marshall NC, congressman Wayne Hays' lover
  • May 14 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • May 16 Dan Coats, (Rep-R-IN, 1981- )
  • May 16 Jon Jost, director (All the Vermeers in NY)
  • May 20 Iain Vallance [Baron Vallance of Tummel], CEO (British Telecom)
  • May 20 Martin Honeysett, British cartoonist (Punch, Private Eye), born in Hereford (d. 2015)
  • May 22 Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 22 Gesine Schwan, German politician and science professor
  • May 23 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat
  • May 23 Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
  • May 25 Sally Jesse Raphael, TV talk show host (Sally) [or Feb 25]
  • May 25 Wynand C Malan, South African lawyer/NP/DP-politician
  • May 28 Ray Mitchell, governor (Albany Prison, England)
  • May 29 Bob Edgar, (Rep-D-PA, 1975-87)
  • May 29 E Thomas Coleman, (Rep-R-MO, 1976- )
  • May 29 Terry Pavey, editor (TV Times)
  • May 29 Robert W. Edgar, Theologian and Politician, (d. 2013)
  • May 31 Richard Timothy George Mansfield Parker, 9th Earl of Macclesfield

Deaths in History

  • May 1 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, dies at 71
  • May 8 Mordicai Anielewicz, commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • May 10 Andre Bertulot, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 10 Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 10 Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 14 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • May 16 Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
  • May 19 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (b. 1865)
  • May 24 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • May 25 Nils von Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter (b. 1888)
  • May 26 Edsel Ford, owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49