October 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 2 Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 & 7-6
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island
  • Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration Camp in Sobibor, Poland
  • Oct 14 Japan declares Philippine Independence (premier/pres Jose Laurel)
  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
  • Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by allied POWS and Asian labourers for the Japanese army
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
  • Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN
  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukranian Front
  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)
  • Oct 2 Franklin Rosemont, American artist
  • Oct 3 Jeff Bingaman, (Sen-D-New Mexico, 1983- )
  • Oct 4 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • Oct 4 Owen Keir Davidson, Australia, 4 time Wimbledon mix double champ
  • Oct 5 Benjamin L Cardin, (Rep-D-Maryland)
  • Oct 6 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • Oct 7 Oliver North, US colonel (Irangate), born in San Antonio, Texas

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8 R. L. Stine, children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • Oct 9 Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • Oct 10 Alexander MacMillan, Earl of Stockton, English publisher and politician
  • Oct 10 Frederick Barthelme, American author
  • Oct 13 Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • Oct 18 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • Oct 21 Frans LAJ Wolters, economist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Oct 21 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian
  • Oct 24 Jose Serrano, (Rep-D-New York)
  • Oct 25 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 55th UK Prime Minister David Lloyd George (80) weds second wife Frances Stevenson

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Oct 1 Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
  • Oct 1 Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
  • Oct 1 John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
  • Oct 1 Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
  • Oct 1 Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
  • Oct 1 Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
  • Oct 4 Richard T Ely, US economist (Ground under our feet), dies
  • Oct 4 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence (b. 1906)
  • Oct 6 Robert Cooper, father of Card pitcher Mort & catcher Walker, dies
  • Oct 7 Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
  • Oct 9 Gerard W Kerncamp, historian/editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam), dies
  • Oct 9 Jan Dieters, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Nobel Prize 1902 for Zeeman effect), dies at 78
  • Oct 10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • Oct 17 Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • Oct 18 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's Youth), dies at 55
  • Oct 19 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered
  • Oct 21 Alfred DPR Pound, British admiral/1st Sealord (Jutland, WW II), dies
  • Oct 24 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • Oct 25 H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • Oct 26 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
  • Oct 27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • Oct 29 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered at 55
  • Oct 31 Max Reinhardt, Austrian stage manager (Turandot), dies