October 1943 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 2 Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 & 7-6
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island
  • Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration Camp in Sobibor, Poland
  • Oct 14 Japan declares Philippine Independence (premier/pres Jose Laurel)
  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
  • Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by allied POWS and Asian labourers for the Japanese army
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
  • Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN
  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukranian Front
  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)
  • Oct 2 Franklin Rosemont, American artist
  • Oct 3 Jeff Bingaman, (Sen-D-New Mexico, 1983- )
  • Oct 4 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • Oct 4 Owen Keir Davidson, Australia, 4 time Wimbledon mix double champ
  • Oct 5 Benjamin L Cardin, (Rep-D-Maryland)
  • Oct 6 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • Oct 7 Oliver North, US colonel (Irangate), born in San Antonio, Texas

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8 R. L. Stine, children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • Oct 9 Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • Oct 10 Earl of Stockton, English publisher/grandson of premier Macmillan
  • Oct 10 Frederick Barthelme, American author
  • Oct 13 Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • Oct 18 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • Oct 21 Frans LAJ Wolters, economist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Oct 21 Tariq Ali, Pakistani author and historian
  • Oct 24 Jose Serrano, (Rep-D-New York)
  • Oct 25 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Oct 1 Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
  • Oct 1 Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
  • Oct 1 John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
  • Oct 1 Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
  • Oct 1 Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
  • Oct 1 Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
  • Oct 4 Richard T Ely, US economist (Ground under our feet), dies
  • Oct 4 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence (b. 1906)
  • Oct 6 Robert Cooper, father of Card pitcher Mort & catcher Walker, dies
  • Oct 7 Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
  • Oct 9 Gerard W Kerncamp, historian/editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam), dies
  • Oct 9 Jan Dieters, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • Oct 9 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Nobel Prize 1902 for Zeeman effect), dies at 78
  • Oct 10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • Oct 17 Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • Oct 18 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's Youth), dies at 55
  • Oct 19 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered
  • Oct 21 Alfred DPR Pound, British admiral/1st Sealord (Jutland, WW II), dies
  • Oct 24 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • Oct 25 H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • Oct 26 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
  • Oct 27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • Oct 29 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered at 55
  • Oct 31 Max Reinhardt, Austrian stage manager (Turandot), dies