1944 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 740

  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
  • Jan 27 Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days at the loss of 600,000 killed
  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched.
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • Feb 1 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4 Jean Anouilh's "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
  • Feb 5 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin
  • Feb 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • Feb 8 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 10 Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 15 Attack begins at Monte Cassino monastery, Italy
  • Feb 17 Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
  • Feb 17 US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20 US takes Eniwetok Island
  • Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
  • Feb 22 US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
  • Feb 23 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.

BattleCoup d'état

Feb 24 Minister of war Juan Perón leads a coup in Argentina

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Feb 25 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29 US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Badoglio government of Italian
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason.
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 18 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20 Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes
  • Mar 21 Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 23 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 309

  • Jan 1 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • Jan 2 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • Jan 3 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • Jan 6 Henry Kravis, author (The Money Machine)
  • Jan 6 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • Jan 7 Ad [GB] Nijhuis, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Jan 7 Tony Whitlam, Australian judge
  • Jan 8 Terry Brooks, US, sci-fi author (Sword of Shannara)
  • Jan 9 Ian Hornak, American Painter, Draughtsman and Sculptor (d. 2002)
  • Jan 10 Rory Byrne, South African racing car designer
  • Jan 10 Bernard Derome, Canadian news presenter (Le Téléjournal)
  • Jan 11 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • Jan 11 Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • Jan 12 Vlastimil Hort, Czech/German chess player
  • Jan 12 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate
  • Jan 14 Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist
  • Jan 14 Nina Totenberg, American journalist
  • Jan 16 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer
  • Jan 18 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Minister of defense (PvdA)
  • Jan 18 Paul Keating, twenty-fourth Prime Minister of Australia
  • Jan 18 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna
  • Jan 19 Richard [Erskine Frere] Leakey, Nairobi Kenya, anthropologist
  • Jan 19 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • Jan 20 Eddie Shah, English publisher (Today, Post)
  • Jan 20 Lieven Soete, Dutch publicist (Molotov-Ribbentrop-pact)
  • Jan 23 Marty Russo, (Rep-D-IL, 1975- )
  • Jan 26 Angela Yvonne Davis, African American activist/professor
  • Jan 27 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • Jan 28 James Cran, British MP
  • Jan 28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • Jan 29 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • Jan 29 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda
  • Jan 29 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • Jan 30 John Thornton, English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 31 Anton Korteweg, Dutch poet (For the Good Order)
  • Jan 31 Eugene Terre Blanche, South African leader of Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging
  • Feb 1 Mike Enzi, American politician, senator of Wyoming
  • Feb 4 Daniel A Mica, (Rep-D-FL, 1979- )
  • Feb 6 Christine Boutin, French politician
  • Feb 7 Berend baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Dutch foreign state sect (CDA)
  • Feb 7 Berry [AH] Esselink, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Feb 7 Michael A Andrews, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • Feb 8 Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian documentary photographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 9 Alice Walker, American novelist (Color Purple, Meridian), born in Putnam County, Georgia

Novelist Alice Walker
Novelist
Alice Walker
  • Feb 9 Derryn Hinch, Australian media personality
  • Feb 10 Frank Keating, American politician
  • Feb 11 Buddhadev Dasgupta, director (Charachar, Grihajuddha)
  • Feb 11 Michael G. Oxley, Politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-2007), born in Findlay, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Feb 12 Desmond Nuttall, English educator
  • Feb 12 Jackie Torrence, story teller/artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 13 Jerry Springer, talk show host (Jerry Springer Show), born in London, England

Talk Show Host Jerry Springer
Talk Show Host
Jerry Springer
  • Feb 13 Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (d. 1983)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 14 Carl Bernstein, American investigative reporter who covered Watergate for the Washington Post, born in Washington, D. C.

Investigative Reporter Carl Bernstein
Investigative Reporter
Carl Bernstein
  • Feb 15 Aleksandr A Serebrov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17)
  • Feb 15 Tineke Netelenbos, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Feb 16 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde
  • Feb 17 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour)
  • Feb 19 Jan Bart Klaster, mythologist (Slogan)
  • Feb 20 Roger Knapman, British MP
  • Feb 20 Robert de Cotret, French Canadian politician (d. 1999)
  • Feb 21 Herman de Coninck, Flemish writer/poet (Impossible Work)
  • Feb 22 Robert Kardashian, American lawyer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)
  • Feb 23 James Cousins, British MP
  • Feb 23 Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
  • Feb 23 John Sandford, American novelist
  • Feb 27 Roger Scruton, Buslingthorpe, British philosopher
  • Feb 29 Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri, Italian illustrator
  • Feb 29 Ene Ergma, Estonian politician
  • Mar 1 John B Breaux, (Rep-D-LA, 1972-88)
  • Mar 1 John Napier, set designer (Royal Shakesphere Company), born in London, England
  • Mar 3 Janice Garfat, rocker (Dr Hook)
  • Mar 5 Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • Mar 7 Elton Gallegly, (Rep-R-California)
  • Mar 7 Jorgen Theobaldy, writer
  • Mar 7 Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • Mar 8 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • Mar 9 Trevor Burton, rocker (Move)
  • Mar 14 Peter Paul Zahl, writer
  • Mar 15 David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)
  • Mar 17 Pattie Boyd, English photographer and author (Mrs George Harrison/Mrs Eric Clapton)
  • Mar 18 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • Mar 18 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 19 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • Mar 19 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • Mar 19 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • Mar 22 R P Mardling, headmaster (Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Wakefield)
  • Mar 22 T S "Tony" McPhee, rocker (Sad Go Round)
  • Mar 24 Vojislav Koštunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • Mar 25 Terry L Bruce, (Rep-D-IL, 1985- )
  • Mar 29 James Diggle, FBA, classicist
  • Mar 29 John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News)
  • Mar 30 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)
  • Apr 4 Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • Apr 5 Ann [Elizabeth] Maxwell, US, sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx)
  • Apr 5 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • Apr 5 Peter T King, (Rep-R-New York)
  • Apr 5 Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
  • Apr 6 John Stax, rocker (Pretty Things-Don't Bring Me Down)
  • Apr 7 Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • Apr 8 Anthony Farrar Hockley, military historian

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 22 Writer Jack Kerouac (22) weds author Edie Kerouac Parker

Writer Jack Kerouac
Writer
Jack Kerouac

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 9 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Dec 16 Gen Eisenhower's clerk Rickey marries corporal Pearlie

Deaths in History

Deaths 1 - 100 of 186

  • Jan 1 Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk, [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
  • Jan 7 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Lou Hoover, U.S. First Lady (b. 1874)
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (b. 1888)
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major/pilot, shot down

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 1 Piet Mondrian, abstract painter (Composition in Blue), dies at 71

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • Feb 4 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (b. 1872)
  • Feb 5 Robert E Park, sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • Feb 10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • Feb 17 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
  • Feb 22 Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1869)
  • Feb 23 Leo Hendrick Baekeland, inventor (Bakelite), dies
  • Feb 24 Leo H A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (bakeliet), dies at 80
  • Feb 29 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)
  • Mar 1 ... Formans, director Milos Formans mother, dies in Auschwitz
  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

BattleExecution

Mar 4 Louis Buchalter, American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I), dies at 86
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 22 ... Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy, executed
  • Mar 23 O C Wingate, British general-major (Burma), dies in air crash
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies
  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, US poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard, French literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)
  • May 11 Henk Hos, resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 12 Arthur T Quiller-Couch [Q], British author/critic, dies at 80
  • May 16 George Ade, US novelist/playwright (Counsel Widow), dies at 78
  • May 16 Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 16 George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42
  • Jun 6 Danny Brotheridge, British lieutenant, 1st to die during D-Day landing WWII
  • Jun 6 Gerrit John van de Peat, artist/resistance fighter, executed at 41
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen, [Wolffensperger], resister, executed at 41
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, sculptor/resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Zen teacher, dies in Seoul County, Korea at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter/friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • Jun 27 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • Jul 7 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies
  • Jul 7 Georges Mandel, [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader (-1940), is executed by the Milice at 59
  • Jul 11 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • Jul 16 John Post, Dutch farmer/resistance fighter (passage fight), executed
  • Jul 17 Hugh Rigby, English portrait painter (King George V 1928-32), dies
  • Jul 17 William James Sidis, gifted mathematician and child prodigy (b. 1898)
  • Jul 18 George A Hartland, English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
  • Jul 18 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • Jul 19 Carl Bock, Danish Gestapo agent, liquidated
  • Jul 19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • Jul 20 Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • Jul 20 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • Jul 20 Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
  • Jul 20 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • Jul 20 Ludwig Beck, gen/chief Germany general staff (July 20th plot), dies
  • Jul 20 Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Rudolf Schmundt, gen/Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds
  • Jul 20 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 21 Gerrit van den Bosch, led illegal Dutch CPN party, dies in Dachau
  • Jul 21 Henning von Tresckow, Gen-Maj, "July 20th plotter", commits suicide
  • Jul 23 Bernard M Cohen, attorney, killed at Belsen concentration camp
  • Jul 23 Helmuth J von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 23 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • Jul 24 Jan Postma, leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • Jul 25 Lesley J McNair, US Lieutenant General killed by friendly fire at St-Lo