April 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7 General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
  • Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 Gen Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 4 Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • Apr 5 Ann [Elizabeth] Maxwell, US, sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx)
  • Apr 5 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • Apr 5 Peter T King, (Rep-R-New York)
  • Apr 5 Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
  • Apr 6 John Stax, rocker (Pretty Things-Don't Bring Me Down)
  • Apr 7 Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • Apr 8 Anthony Farrar Hockley, military historian
  • Apr 8 Christoph Hein, writer
  • Apr 8 Santiago Jimenez Jr, US accordionist (El Mero Mero, Viva Seguin)
  • Apr 8 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • Apr 11 John Milius, writer (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday)
  • Apr 11 R J B Knight, deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
  • Apr 12 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • Apr 13 Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)
  • Apr 13 Charles Burnett, director (When it Rains, Glass Shield)
  • Apr 13 Michael Saunders, barrister
  • Apr 13 Susan Davis, American politician
  • Apr 15 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), (d. 1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 18 Robert Hanssen, FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • Apr 19 Mark "Flo" Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)
  • Apr 19 James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • Apr 22 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • Apr 23 Niklaus Schilling, Basel Germany, director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold)
  • Apr 25 John Bryant, editor (Europeans)
  • Apr 26 David O'B Martin, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • Apr 26 Martha Rockwell, skier (Mount Washington), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Apr 26 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
  • Apr 27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman
  • Apr 28 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director
  • Apr 28 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • Apr 28 Alice Waters, American chef
  • Apr 29 Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • Apr 30 Richard Shoff, rocker (Sandpipers)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, US poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard, French literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)