December 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • Dec 1 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
  • Dec 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • Dec 2 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • Dec 2 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
  • Dec 3 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • Dec 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • Dec 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • Dec 3 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • Dec 3 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists.
  • Dec 3 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • Dec 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • Dec 5 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • Dec 6 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • Dec 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • Dec 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • Dec 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by nazis
  • Dec 10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • Dec 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • Dec 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • Dec 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 14 Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • Dec 14 Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • Dec 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • Dec 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 15 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Dec 15 US troops lands on Mindoro
  • Dec 16 Ardennes campaign ('Battle of the Bulge') begins in Belgium
  • Dec 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • Dec 16 US 2nd Inf division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid
  • Dec 17 M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
  • Dec 17 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released.
  • Dec 17 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
  • Dec 18 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • Dec 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • Dec 20 Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • Dec 20 Battle of Bastogne: Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
  • Dec 20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions
  • Dec 20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London
  • Dec 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • Dec 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • Dec 22 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
  • Dec 23 Beginning of harsh winter

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Dec 26 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Dec 26 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 26 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • Dec 27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • Dec 28 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium
  • Dec 29 Belgian Nazi Leon Degrelle sentenced to death
  • Dec 29 Gen Eisenhower's train returns to Versailles
  • Dec 30 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne
  • Dec 31 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah
  • Dec 31 Japanese army evacuates harbor city Akyab
  • Dec 31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Tahar Ben Jelloun, French writer of Moroccan origin
  • Dec 1 Daniel Pennac, French writer born in Morocco
  • Dec 1 Michael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
  • Dec 2 Roger Omond, journalist
  • Dec 2 Ibrahim Rugova, first President of Kosovo (d. 2006)
  • Dec 2 Botho Strauß, German author
  • Dec 2 Inger Davidson, Swedish politician
  • Dec 7 Jamiel Chagra, American drug trafficker
  • Dec 9 Ki Longfellow, American novelist
  • Dec 9 Bob O'Connor, American politician
  • Dec 12 Jean Doré, Canadian politician, mayor of Montreal

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 15 Chico Mendes, Xapuri, Acre, Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper (d. 1988)

Environmentalist Chico Mendes
Chico Mendes
  • Dec 17 Jack L[aurence] Chalker, US, sci-fi author (Saga of Well World)
  • Dec 19 Richard Leakey, anthropologist
  • Dec 19 William Christie, American-born director of Les Arts Florissants
  • Dec 19 Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • Dec 20 Gernot Wolfgruber, Austrian writer, born in Gmünd
  • Dec 21 Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese bureaucrat (d. 2007)
  • Dec 23 D J D Dees, pharmacist/Dutch minister of WVC (VVD)
  • Dec 23 Wesley Clark, American military officer
  • Dec 24 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay
  • Dec 28 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • Dec 28 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Dec 30 William J. Fallon, U.S. Navy Admiral, former U.S. Central Command commander
  • Dec 31 Taylor Hackford, American director (Devil's Advocate, Ray), born in Santa Barbara, California

Weddings in History

  • Dec 16 Gen Eisenhower's clerk Rickey marries corporal Pearlie

Deaths in History

  • Dec 2 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • Dec 2 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • Dec 3 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • Dec 13 Vassily Kandinsky, abstract artist (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • Dec 16 Elisabeth ten Boom dies at 59
  • Dec 17 Pieter A Roodenburgh, student/resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • Dec 17 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian/German/French painter, dies
  • Dec 19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • Dec 20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • Dec 30 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78