January 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
  • Jan 27 Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days at the loss of 600,000 killed
  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched.
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • Jan 2 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • Jan 3 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • Jan 6 Henry Kravis, author (The Money Machine)
  • Jan 6 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • Jan 7 Ad [GB] Nijhuis, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Jan 7 Tony Whitlam, Australian judge
  • Jan 8 Terry Brooks, US, sci-fi author (Sword of Shannara)
  • Jan 9 Ian Hornak, American Painter, Draughtsman and Sculptor (d. 2002)
  • Jan 10 Rory Byrne, South African racing car designer
  • Jan 10 Bernard Derome, Canadian news presenter (Le Téléjournal)
  • Jan 11 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • Jan 11 Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • Jan 12 Vlastimil Hort, Czech/German chess player
  • Jan 12 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate
  • Jan 14 Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist
  • Jan 14 Nina Totenberg, American journalist
  • Jan 16 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer
  • Jan 18 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Minister of defense (PvdA)
  • Jan 18 Paul Keating, twenty-fourth Prime Minister of Australia
  • Jan 18 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna
  • Jan 19 Richard [Erskine Frere] Leakey, Nairobi Kenya, anthropologist
  • Jan 19 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • Jan 20 Eddie Shah, English publisher (Today, Post)
  • Jan 20 Lieven Soete, Dutch publicist (Molotov-Ribbentrop-pact)
  • Jan 23 Marty Russo, (Rep-D-IL, 1975- )
  • Jan 26 Angela Yvonne Davis, African American activist/professor
  • Jan 27 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • Jan 28 James Cran, British MP
  • Jan 28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • Jan 29 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • Jan 29 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda
  • Jan 29 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • Jan 30 John Thornton, English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 31 Anton Korteweg, Dutch poet (For the Good Order)
  • Jan 31 Eugene Terre Blanche, South African leader of Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk, [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
  • Jan 7 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Lou Hoover, U.S. First Lady (b. 1874)
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (b. 1888)
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major/pilot, shot down

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)