June 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 Gen Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Generals Eisenhower & Montgomery dine in Portsmouth

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 2 Judendurchgangslager Vught disbands
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 1st British gliders touch down on French soil for D-Day
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured & boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters & liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allies march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 5 General Eisenhower decides invasion set for June 6
  • Jun 6 82nd Airborne division WWII D-day-landing at Ste Mere Eglise
  • Jun 6 Operation Neptune, D-Day: 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France in WWII
  • Jun 6 Nazi troops executed 96 prisoners by firing squad
  • Jun 6 Theodore Roosevelt Jr receives congressional medal of honor
  • Jun 6 U-955, U-970, U-629, U-373 sink in Gulf of Biskaje
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations.
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th division occupies Bayeux

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 7 Claus von Stauffenberg meets Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Russian offensive in Carelia
  • Jun 10 Nazi murders in Oradour-sur-Glane, France
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 11 KP gang surprise attack on Dome Arnhem jail
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution
  • Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba
  • Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons
  • Jun 17 Iceland declares independence from Denmark
  • Jun 17 Republic of Iceland proclaimed at Thingvallir, Iceland
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter/poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal Assam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre.
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Russian offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 6 Peter Albin, rocker (Big Brother & Holding Co), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 6 David Penhaligon, British politician
  • Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Jun 8 Marc Ouellet, Archbishop of Quebec City
  • Jun 9 23 puppies (record litter) born to Lena, a foxhound, Ambler Penn
  • Jun 10 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • Jun 11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • Jun 11 Barry Stevens, British/Neth, choreographer (Personals, Young Again)
  • Jun 11 James "Ox" D A van Hoften, astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California
  • Jun 13 Joe Amato, NHRA top fuel drag racing champion (1991)
  • Jun 14 Laurie Colwin, American author (d. 1992)
  • Jun 15 Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • Jun 16 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist
  • Jun 16 Takamiyama, [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion
  • Jun 17 Chris Spedding, rocker
  • Jun 21 Miguel Danus, Vicens rocker
  • Jun 24 Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic)
  • Jun 26 Ruth Kempson, linguist (SOAS)
  • Jun 27 Cornelis J "Kees" Ouwens, Dutch writer/poet (Intimate Acts)
  • Jun 29 Collin Peterson, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • Jun 29 Sean O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop
  • Jun 30 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist

Deaths in History

  • Jun 6 Danny Brotheridge, British lieutenant, 1st to die during D-Day landing WWII
  • Jun 6 Gerrit John van de Peat, artist/resistance fighter, executed at 41
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen, [Wolffensperger], resister, executed at 41
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, sculptor/resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Zen teacher, dies in Seoul County, Korea at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter/friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)