March 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Badoglio government of Italian
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason.
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 18 2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20 Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 21 Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 23 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25 RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg.
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 John B Breaux, (Rep-D-LA, 1972-88)
  • Mar 1 John Napier, set designer (Royal Shakesphere Company), born in London, England
  • Mar 3 Janice Garfat, rocker (Dr Hook)
  • Mar 5 Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • Mar 7 Elton Gallegly, (Rep-R-California)
  • Mar 7 Jorgen Theobaldy, writer
  • Mar 7 Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • Mar 8 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • Mar 9 Trevor Burton, rocker (Move)
  • Mar 14 Peter Paul Zahl, writer
  • Mar 15 David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)
  • Mar 17 Pattie Boyd, English photographer and author (Mrs George Harrison/Mrs Eric Clapton)
  • Mar 18 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • Mar 18 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 19 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • Mar 19 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • Mar 19 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • Mar 22 R P Mardling, headmaster (Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Wakefield)
  • Mar 22 T S "Tony" McPhee, rocker (Sad Go Round)
  • Mar 24 Vojislav KoŇ°tunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • Mar 25 Terry L Bruce, (Rep-D-IL, 1985- )
  • Mar 29 James Diggle, FBA, classicist
  • Mar 29 John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News)
  • Mar 30 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 ... Formans, director Milos Formans mother, dies in Auschwitz
  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

BattleExecution

Mar 4 Louis Buchalter, American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I), dies at 86
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 22 ... Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy, executed
  • Mar 23 O C Wingate, British general-major (Burma), dies in air crash
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies