May 1944 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
  • May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11 Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapsed
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • May 23 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • May 2 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • May 2 John Verity, rocker (Argent)
  • May 3 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, journalist
  • May 3 Peter Staples, rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing)
  • May 8 Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • May 9 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • May 10 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • May 12 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • May 13 Betsy Finley Ashton, broadcast journalist/author/lecturer
  • May 13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • May 13 Armistead Maupin, American author
  • May 14 Troy Shondell, rocker (Many Sides of Troy Shondell)
  • May 15 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • May 17 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • May 18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • May 18 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (d. 2001)
  • May 20 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • May 20 Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman
  • May 21 Janet Dailey, US, author
  • May 21 Manual Pina, fashion designer
  • May 21 Mary Robinson, President of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )
  • May 23 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • May 25 Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate
  • May 25 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician
  • May 27 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • May 28 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 28 Rudy Giuliani, American Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1994-2001) at the time of the September 11 attacks, born in NYC, New York

Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani
Mayor of New York City
Rudy Giuliani
  • May 29 Quentin Davies, MP (C)
  • May 30 Lenny Davidson, rocker (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over), born in London, England

Deaths in History

  • May 11 Henk Hos, resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 12 Arthur T Quiller-Couch [Q], British author/critic, dies at 80
  • May 16 George Ade, US novelist/playwright (Counsel Widow), dies at 78
  • May 16 Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 16 George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42