November 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • Nov 1 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • Nov 2 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • Nov 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • Nov 2 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 3 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • Nov 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • Nov 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • Nov 3 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • Nov 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande, Walcheren
  • Nov 5 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • Nov 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 US President FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey (R)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • Nov 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • Nov 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • Nov 8 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • Nov 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • Nov 9 Walcheren purged of Nazi troops
  • Nov 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • Nov 10 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • Nov 10 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • Nov 12 RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • Nov 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • Nov 16 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 17 -Nov 19] Nazi raids in Dutch NE Polder
  • Nov 19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • Nov 20 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • Nov 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • Nov 20 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • Nov 21 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • Nov 22 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 23 US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg
  • Nov 24 US bombers based on Saipan begin 1st attack on Tokyo
  • Nov 25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • Nov 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria

Leading Nazi and Reichsf├╝hrer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsf├╝hrer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Nov 27 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • Nov 27 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen
  • Nov 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • Nov 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • Nov 28 Hal Newhouser is named AL MVP
  • Nov 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • Nov 28 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • Nov 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Nov 29 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
  • Nov 29 The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • Nov 30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia
  • Nov 2 Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, 46, 61, 75), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 9 Bill Hendon, (Rep-R-NC, 1981-83, 85-87)
  • Nov 10 Silvestre Reyes, American politician
  • Nov 12 Johan van Doorn, [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • Nov 13 Wouter R van Romondt, Dutch/Dutch Antillean cartoonist
  • Nov 14 Aditya Biria, industrialist
  • Nov 16 Hugo Dittberner, writer
  • Nov 16 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist
  • Nov 17 Jim Boeheim, Hall of Fame Coach
  • Nov 17 Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect
  • Nov 21 Marcia "Marcy" Carsey, TV executive/producer
  • Nov 21 Richard J Durbin, (Rep-D-IL, 1983- )
  • Nov 22 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • Nov 23 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • Nov 24 Claudia Dreifus, interviewer/author (7 Stories)
  • Nov 24 Dan Glickman, (Rep-D-KS, 1977- )
  • Nov 24 Jules Deelder, Dutch poet (T of Vondel)
  • Nov 24 Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar
  • Nov 27 Martin Corbett, gay activist
  • Nov 27 Mickey Leland, (Rep-D-TX, 1979- )
  • Nov 28 Timothy Krajcir, American serial killer

Deaths in History

  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian Naturalist and Conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Lord Moyne, British prefect (Middle-East), murdered
  • Nov 6 Segundo "Boy" Ecury, Aruba, WW II resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge & Ozaki, spies, hanged in Tokyo
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • Nov 9 Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • Nov 12 George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35), dies
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Stanley Eddington, dies
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian, dies
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author/journalist, dies at 43
  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall