October 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro C√≥rdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns win their only AL pennant
  • Oct 2 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek continent
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 19 US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Russian/Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Peter Hobson, headmaster (Giggleswick School)
  • Oct 2 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, US, sci-fi author (Witling, True Names)
  • Oct 3 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy)
  • Oct 3 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician
  • Oct 3 Bob Riley, American politician, governor of Alabama
  • Oct 5 Ben Korthals, advocate/Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Oct 6 Merzak Allouache, director (Salut Cousin, Amour a Paris)
  • Oct 7 Donald Tsang, current Chief executive of Hong Kong
  • Oct 8 Bruce A Morrison, (Rep-D-CT, 1983- )
  • Oct 10 Christopher N Dlamini, South African union/SACP-leader
  • Oct 10 Renier S Schoeman, South African MP (NP)/journalist
  • Oct 15 Mac Collins, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • Oct 15 Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • Oct 15 Haim Saban, Egyptian-born American media proprietor
  • Oct 18 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • Oct 21 Janet Ahlberg, illustrator
  • Oct 25 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator
  • Oct 26 Ries [M] Smits, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Oct 28 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
  • Oct 29 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer
  • Oct 29 Otto Wiesheu, German minister
  • Oct 30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iragi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 9 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
  • Oct 5 Joseph B "Aristide" Maillol, French sculptor/graphic artist, dies
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WW II-Africa), suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Holocaust victim
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies