September 1944 in History

Events in History

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns
  • Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal
  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US president George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium
  • Sep 3 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namen
  • Sep 4 58th U.S. Women's National tennis Championship: Pauline Betz Addie beats Margaret Osborne duPont (6-3, 8-6)
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 9 Very strong hurricane hits Netherlands
  • Sep 10 Lt-gen Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Sep 11 FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
  • Sep 12 -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
  • Sep 12 Noorbeek & Mheer freed
  • Sep 12 US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 Hurricane hits New England: 389 die
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Russian troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops lands on Palau & Morotai
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth
  • Sep 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied PoWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • Sep 18 Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrender
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 22 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel
  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declared the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 26 British & Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated
  • Sep 28 Battle of Arnhem, Germans defeat British airborne in Netherlands
  • Sep 28 Nazi murders in Marzabotto, Italy (SS-major Reder)
  • Sep 29 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 2 Claude Nicollier, Swiss astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75), born in Vevey, Switzerland
  • Sep 3 Sherwood C "Woody" Spring, Col USA/astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Sep 4 Christopher Needler, English sand industrialist (TCG Materials)
  • Sep 5 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • Sep 6 Gordon DeMarco, writer/activist
  • Sep 6 M N Aubrey Mokoape, S Afr's VP (Azanian People Org)
  • Sep 7 Bertel Haarder, Danish politician
  • Sep 9 Olga de Haas, Dutch ballerina
  • Sep 11 Freddy Thielemans, mayor of Brussels
  • Sep 12 Leonard Peltier, American activist
  • Sep 15 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • Sep 17 Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest)
  • Sep 18 Charles Lacy Veach, astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 19 Anders Björck, Swedish politician
  • Sep 19 Jean Succar Kuri, Lebanese-born Mexican businessman
  • Sep 21 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • Sep 21 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • Sep 22 John Tanner, (Rep-D-Tennessee)
  • Sep 23 Loren J Shriver, Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS 31, STS 46)
  • Sep 25 Doris Matsui, American politician
  • Sep 27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)

Deaths in History

  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, US senator (R-Nebraska 1913-43), lame duck-amendment, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Hubert Ahaus, chaplin (Godsrijk), dies at 67
  • Sep 18 Peter Waddy, British major 1st Para Brigade, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • Sep 19 John AC Fitch, British lt-colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander, dies in a plane crash at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, English (Victoria Cross), dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canada/US evangelist/faith healer, dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, Fr sculptor/graphic artist, dies in car crash at 82