1944 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 737

  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25 RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg.
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings
  • Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 Gen Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails

  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO
  • May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11 Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz
  • May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapsed
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • May 23 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy
  • Jun 1 Gen Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 309

  • Apr 8 Christoph Hein, writer
  • Apr 8 Santiago Jimenez Jr, US accordionist (El Mero Mero, Viva Seguin)
  • Apr 8 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • Apr 11 John Milius, writer (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday)
  • Apr 11 R J B Knight, deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
  • Apr 12 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • Apr 13 Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)
  • Apr 13 Charles Burnett, director (When it Rains, Glass Shield)
  • Apr 13 Michael Saunders, barrister
  • Apr 13 Susan Davis, American politician
  • Apr 15 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), (d. 1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 18 Robert Hanssen, FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • Apr 19 Mark "Flo" Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)
  • Apr 19 James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • Apr 22 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • Apr 23 Niklaus Schilling, Basel Germany, director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold)
  • Apr 25 John Bryant, editor (Europeans)
  • Apr 26 David O'B Martin, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • Apr 26 Martha Rockwell, skier (Mount Washington), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Apr 26 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
  • Apr 27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman
  • Apr 28 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director
  • Apr 28 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • Apr 28 Alice Waters, American chef
  • Apr 29 Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • Apr 30 Richard Shoff, rocker (Sandpipers)
  • May 1 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • May 2 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • May 2 John Verity, rocker (Argent)
  • May 3 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, journalist
  • May 3 Peter Staples, rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing)
  • May 8 Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • May 9 Don Dannemann, rocker (Cyrkle)
  • May 10 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)
  • May 12 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • May 13 Betsy Finley Ashton, broadcast journalist/author/lecturer
  • May 13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • May 13 Armistead Maupin, American author
  • May 14 Troy Shondell, rocker (Many Sides of Troy Shondell)
  • May 15 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • May 17 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • May 18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • May 18 W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (d. 2001)
  • May 20 David M Walker, Capt USN/astron (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • May 20 Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman
  • May 21 Janet Dailey, American author
  • May 21 Manual Pina, fashion designer
  • May 21 Mary Robinson, President of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )
  • May 23 Giles Smith, TV journalist
  • May 25 Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate
  • May 25 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician
  • May 27 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • May 28 Adriaan T "Ad" Zuiderent, poet/critic (On the Droge)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 28 Rudy Giuliani, American Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1994-2001) at the time of the September 11 attacks, born in NYC, New York

Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani
Mayor of New York City
Rudy Giuliani
  • May 29 Quentin Davies, MP (C)
  • May 30 Lenny Davidson, rocker (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over), born in London, England
  • Jun 6 Peter Albin, rocker (Big Brother & Holding Co), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 6 David Penhaligon, British politician
  • Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Jun 8 Marc Ouellet, Archbishop of Quebec City
  • Jun 9 23 puppies (record litter) born to Lena, a foxhound, Ambler Penn
  • Jun 10 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • Jun 11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • Jun 11 Barry Stevens, British/Neth, choreographer (Personals, Young Again)
  • Jun 11 James "Ox" D A van Hoften, astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California
  • Jun 13 Joe Amato, NHRA top fuel drag racing champion (1991)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 13 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • Jun 14 Laurie Colwin, American author (d. 1992)
  • Jun 15 Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • Jun 16 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist
  • Jun 16 Takamiyama, [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion
  • Jun 17 Chris Spedding, rocker
  • Jun 21 Miguel Danus, Vicens rocker
  • Jun 24 Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic)
  • Jun 26 Ruth Kempson, linguist (SOAS)
  • Jun 27 Cornelis J "Kees" Ouwens, Dutch writer/poet (Intimate Acts)
  • Jun 29 Collin Peterson, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • Jun 29 Sean O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop
  • Jun 30 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist
  • Jul 6 Byron Berline, American fiddle player, born in Caldwell, Kansas
  • Jul 9 Glen [Charles] Cook, American sci-fi author (Shadowline, Star's End)
  • Jul 10 Beaky, rocker (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich)
  • Jul 11 Peter de Savary, English financier/multi-millionaire
  • Jul 11 Myra Gale Brown, former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
  • Jul 12 Bill McCollum, (Rep-R-Florida, 1981- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 13 Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor (Rubik's cube), born in Budapest, Hungary

Inventor Ernő Rubik
Inventor
Ernő Rubik
  • Jul 20 Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy
  • Jul 21 Buchi Emecheta, Nigerian English writer (Price of Bride), born in Lagos (d. 2017)
  • Jul 21 Paul Wellstone, (Sen-D-Minnesota)
  • Jul 21 John Atta Mills, Tarkwa, Gold Coast (Ghana), President of Ghana (2009-2012), (d. 2012)
  • Jul 23 Judith A Bosch, Dutch radio/TV-hostess (Tweekamp, Zeskamp)
  • Jul 25 Molly Bennett Aiken, founder (riding for the handicapped)
  • Jul 26 Rimantas Antanas-Antonovich Stankiavichus, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jul 27 Aleksandr Ivanovich Dedkov, cosmonaut
  • Jul 31 Robert C. Merton, American economist and Nobel laureate in Economics, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 1 Elske Terveld, Dutch undersecretary Social Affairs (PvdA)
  • Aug 1 Yuri Viktorovich Romanenko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2)
  • Aug 7 Robert Mueller, American lawyer, FBI Director (2001-13) Special Counsel Russian Investigation (2017-), born in New York City
  • Aug 9 Smokey the Bear, named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger, Dutch politician (D66)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 185 of 185

  • Jul 26 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies at 66 of a heart ailment

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal, hanged at 62
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, attempt Hitler assassination, dies
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy (b. 1915)
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Mussa Dshalil, writer, dies
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thalmann, German communist, dies in Buchenwald
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, US senator (R-Nebraska 1913-43), lame duck-amendment, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Peter Waddy, British major 1st Para Brigade, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • Sep 19 John AC Fitch, British lt-colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander, dies in a plane crash at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, English (Victoria Cross), dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, Fr sculptor/graphic artist, dies in car crash at 82
  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
  • Oct 5 Joseph B "Aristide" Maillol, French sculptor/graphic artist, dies
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian Naturalist and Conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Lord Moyne, British prefect (Middle-East), murdered
  • Nov 6 Segundo "Boy" Ecury, Aruba, WW II resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge & Ozaki, spies, hanged in Tokyo
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • Nov 9 Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • Nov 12 George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35), dies
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Stanley Eddington, dies
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian, dies
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author/journalist, dies at 43
  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Dec 2 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • Dec 2 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • Dec 3 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • Dec 13 Vassily Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter, dies at 78
  • Dec 16 Elisabeth ten Boom dies at 59
  • Dec 17 Pieter A. Roodenburgh, student and resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • Dec 19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • Dec 20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • Dec 30 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78