1945 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 559

  • Jan 1 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 2 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 3 Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jan 3 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

  • Jan 4 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • Jan 7 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes
  • Jan 7 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8 "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 10 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • Jan 15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
  • Jan 16 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • Jan 17 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
  • Jan 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18 Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
  • Jan 18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow and push Germans out only to eventually occupy entire country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22 Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Jan 24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25 Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
  • Jan 25 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27 Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28 Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • Jan 31 Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • Feb 1 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Conference meetingYalta Conference

Feb 4 Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

  • Feb 5 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
  • Feb 5 US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
  • Feb 6 US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • Feb 6 Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • Feb 7 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 7 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 8 Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
  • Feb 9 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 9 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • Feb 11 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • Feb 11 Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
  • Feb 12 SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • Feb 14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 16 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 19 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
  • Feb 19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
  • Feb 21 Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
  • Feb 21 British Army captures Goch
  • Feb 21 US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
  • Feb 22 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • Feb 22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 22 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • Feb 23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Feb 23 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • Feb 23 Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr
  • Feb 23 US Marines raise the flag on Iwo Jima, later a famous photo and Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Feb 24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 286

  • Jan 1 Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • Jan 4 Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • Jan 4 Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Jan 6 Barry Holstein Lopez, US author (Of Wolves & Men)
  • Jan 6 Allen Appel, American novelist
  • Jan 7 Dick Marty, Swiss politician
  • Jan 7 Raila Odinga, Prime Minister of Kenya
  • Jan 11 Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • Jan 13 [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)
  • Jan 14 Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter
  • Jan 14 Vonetta McGee, American actress, born in San Francisco, California, (d. 2010)
  • Jan 15 Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • Jan 15 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • Jan 15 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • Jan 19 Vadim Abdrashitov, director (Fox Hunt, Parade of Planets)
  • Jan 20 Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 21 Andrew Stein, President of NYC council (D)
  • Jan 23 Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • Jan 24 D. Todd Christofferson, LDS apostle
  • Jan 24 John Garamendi, American politician
  • Jan 26 Barbara Kruger, American conceptual artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Jan 27 Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)
  • Jan 27 Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • Jan 29 James Nicholson, British MEP
  • Jan 29 Jim Nicholson, Irish politician
  • Jan 30 Michael Dorris, writer
  • Feb 7 Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • Feb 9 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • Feb 10 John Hayes, secretary-general (British Law Society)
  • Feb 10 Klas Tuinstra, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Feb 13 David Tremlett, English Artist
  • Feb 14 Hans Adam, prince of Liechtenstein
  • Feb 14 K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • Feb 14 William Hill Boner, (Rep-D-TN, 1979- )
  • Feb 15 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • Feb 17 Willie J L Swildens-Rozendal, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Feb 19 Thomas Brasch, German writer and film director, born in Westow, England (d. 2001)
  • Feb 23 Frank Murray, police Officer
  • Feb 25 Shivadhar Srinivasa Naipaul, Trinidad, novelist, essayist (Fireflies)
  • Mar 4 Tara Browne, British socialite (d. 1966)
  • Mar 8 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • Mar 8 Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • Mar 9 Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • Mar 10 Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
  • Mar 10 Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association
  • Mar 11 Timothy Mason, consultant (British Arts Council)
  • Mar 12 Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, American gangster
  • Mar 13 Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • Mar 15 Mark J Green, American lawyer/author (Closed Enterprise System), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 15 A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • Mar 17 Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • Mar 18 Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer
  • Mar 20 Larry Combest, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • Mar 20 Tim Yeo, British MP/under-sect (State of Environment)
  • Mar 20 Henry Bartholomay, American fighter pilot
  • Mar 24 Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist
  • Mar 28 Hans Brunhart, leader of Liechtenstein (1978-93)
  • Mar 28 Count Björn Hamilton, Swedish politician
  • Apr 2 Lord Skelmersdale, British minister (C)
  • Apr 2 Anne Waldman, American poet
  • Apr 3 Wim J Deetman, Dutch minister of education/MP (CDA)
  • Apr 6 Rodney Bickerstaffe, trade unionist
  • Apr 6 Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality
  • Apr 7 Martin Lewis, British newsreader
  • Apr 7 Joël Robuchon, French chef
  • Apr 8 Derrick Walker, British racing team owner
  • Apr 12 Hilary Nicolle, educationist
  • Apr 12 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the WHO (d. 2006)
  • Apr 13 Carlos Gimenez, Argentine/Venezuelan founder (Theater festival of Caracas)
  • Apr 14 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • Apr 15 Jos F B van Rey, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Apr 16 Goran Antunac, Yugoslavia, International Chess Master (1975)
  • Apr 16 Tom Allen, American politician
  • Apr 17 Vincent A M van der Burg, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Apr 18 Margaret Hassan, Irish-born aid worker (d. 2004)
  • Apr 22 Alan Dukes, Irish president (Fine Gael
  • Apr 22 Donald Graham, US businessman (Graham Holdings Company, Facebook)
  • Apr 22 Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist
  • Apr 22 Robert Key, MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage
  • Apr 24 Robert Knight, American singer (Everlasting Love), born in Franklin, Tennessee
  • Apr 25 Michael Kogel, German musician, born in Berlin
  • Apr 26 Sylvain Simard, Quebec politician
  • Apr 27 August Wilson, US, playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987)
  • Apr 29 Hugh Hopper, rocker (Soft Machine)
  • Apr 30 Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood)
  • Apr 30 Claude van de Berge, [Rony MF Pauwels], Flemish writer (Graph Theory)
  • Apr 30 Michael J Smith, Beaufort NC, Cmdr USN, astr (51L-Challenger disaster)
  • Apr 30 Mike Beacon, rocker (Ox)
  • Apr 30 Mimi Farina, rocker (Reflections in a Crystal Wind)
  • May 2 Sarah Weddington, American attorney
  • May 4 Monika van Paemel, Belgian writer (Accursed Fathers)
  • May 4 Narasimhan Ram, Indian journalist
  • May 5 Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter
  • May 7 Wim A Mateman, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • May 7 Christy Moore, Irish folk artist
  • May 8 Arthur Docters van Leeuwen, jurist (Holland's secret service)
  • May 10 John Laws, Lord Justice of Appeal (1999- )
  • May 12 Patrick Ricard, French businessman
  • May 13 Magic Dick, [Richard Salwitz], harmonicaist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)

Weddings in History

  • Jan 6 Future US President George H. W. Bush marries Barbara Pierce at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye NY

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6 US First Lady Barbara Bush (19) weds 41st president George H. W. Bush (20) at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye, New York

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • Mar 21 Actor Humphrey Bogart (44) marries actress Lauren Bacall (20)

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

HeartWedding of Interest

May 22 Paranormal investigator Lorraine Warren (18) weds partner Ed Warren (18)

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator Ed Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Ed Warren

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 1 Author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (23) weds childhood sweetheart Jane Marie Cox

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 21 Publisher Malcolm Forbes (26) weds Roberta Remsen Laidlaw

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Malcolm Forbes

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 22 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Perón (26) on a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 25 Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 21 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorce after 5 years of marriage.

Deaths in History

Deaths 1 - 100 of 170

  • Jan 2 Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • Jan 3 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • Jan 3 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • Jan 6 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • Jan 8 Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • Jan 9 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • Jan 10 Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • Jan 16 Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • Jan 19 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • Jan 22 Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • Jan 22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • Jan 23 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • Jan 30 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • Jan 31 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • Feb 1 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 3 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • Feb 6 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9 George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • Feb 9 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10 Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 12 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 16 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 19 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • Mar 2 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61
  • Mar 5 Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • Mar 6 Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 7 Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • Mar 8 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • Mar 8 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12 Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Mar 15 Herman B Wiardi Beckman, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
  • Mar 16 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • Mar 16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • Mar 19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • Mar 21 J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • Mar 21 Artur Nebe, German SS officer {b. 1894)
  • Mar 22 J Postuma, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Mar 24 J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • Mar 24 Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), dies of cancer at 82

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Mar 26 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • Mar 27 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • Mar 29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Mar 31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • Apr 3 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 6 Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • Apr 9 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9 Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
  • Apr 10 Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • Apr 10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • Apr 17 Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
  • Apr 17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18 John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • Apr 18 Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • Apr 19 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • Apr 23 Albrecht Haushofer, writer, dies at 42
  • Apr 24 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • Apr 26 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general (b. 1871)
  • Apr 26 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 28 Benito Mussolini, Fascist dictator of Italy, shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 28 Claretta Petacci, mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • Apr 28 Hans Bloesch, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • Apr 29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 Adolf Hitler, German Dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 30 Eva Braun, German mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 Paul Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Minister of Propoganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife and arranges the death of his 6 children aged

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • May 2 Martin Bormann, German Nazi Officer, Personal Secretary to Hitler, commits suicide aged 44 (remains identified 1972)
  • May 2 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • May 3 Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN), dies at 66
  • May 5 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • May 5 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • May 8 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • May 10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • May 14 Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • May 15 Major Courtney, US medal of honor marine, dies in battle of Sugar Loaf