August 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Aug 8 President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

  • Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • Aug 15 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • Aug 20 Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • Aug 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

BattleCoup d'├ętat

Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 5 Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 7 Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
  • Aug 14 Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • Aug 15 Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • Aug 15 Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
  • Aug 16 Suzanne Farrell, ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Aug 22 Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
  • Aug 22 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • Aug 22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
  • Aug 26 Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • Aug 26 Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • Aug 28 Bruno Nuytten, director (Camille Claudel)
  • Aug 31 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer, dies at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54