February 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 1 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Conference meetingYalta Conference

Feb 4 Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Feb 6 US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • Feb 6 Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • Feb 7 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 7 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 8 Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
  • Feb 9 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 9 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • Feb 11 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 11 Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Feb 12 SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • Feb 14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 16 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 19 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Feb 19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

  • Feb 21 Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
  • Feb 21 British Army captures Goch
  • Feb 21 US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
  • Feb 22 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • Feb 22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 22 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • Feb 23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Feb 23 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • Feb 23 Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr
  • Feb 23 US Marines raise the flag on Iwo Jima, later a famous photo and Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Feb 24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • Feb 24 Manila freed from Japanese
  • Feb 24 Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
  • Feb 24 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
  • Feb 25 US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
  • Feb 25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • Feb 26 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • Feb 27 Battle of US 94 Infantry

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 7 Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • Feb 9 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • Feb 10 John Hayes, secretary-general (British Law Society)
  • Feb 10 Klas Tuinstra, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Feb 13 David Tremlett, English Artist
  • Feb 14 Hans Adam, prince of Liechtenstein
  • Feb 14 K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • Feb 14 William Hill Boner, (Rep-D-TN, 1979- )
  • Feb 15 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • Feb 17 Willie J L Swildens-Rozendal, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Feb 19 Thomas Brasch, German writer and film director, born in Westow, England (d. 2001)
  • Feb 23 Frank Murray, police Officer
  • Feb 25 Shivadhar Srinivasa Naipaul, Trinidad, novelist, essayist (Fireflies)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 1 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 3 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • Feb 6 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9 George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • Feb 9 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10 Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 12 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 16 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 19 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25 M├írio de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen