July 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • Jul 4 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations

  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
  • Jul 10 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
  • Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 23 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Jul 30 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 3 Michael Martin, British politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09)
  • Jul 5 Dick Scoppettone, rocker
  • Jul 5 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican Politician and Attorney General of México.
  • Jul 6 Rik Elswit, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place)
  • Jul 6 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator
  • Jul 7 Matti Salminen, Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
  • Jul 7 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • Jul 8 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • Jul 9 Dean R[ay] Koontz, American sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild)
  • Jul 9 Lewis F Payne Jr, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • Jul 9 Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
  • Jul 11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • Jul 13 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • Jul 15 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Diana Warwick, leader (Association of University Teachers)
  • Jul 16 Jos Stelling, director (Pointsman)
  • Jul 17 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 18 Danny McCullock, rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • Jul 19 Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
  • Jul 20 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • Jul 20 Viscount Petersham, English large landowner
  • Jul 21 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • Jul 21 John Lowe, English darts player
  • Jul 24 Azim Premji, Indian businessman

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • Jul 30 Patrick Modiano, French novelist
  • Jul 31 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73