March 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 British 43rd Division under Gen Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • Mar 1 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • Mar 1 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • Mar 2 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Mar 2 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Mar 3 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • Mar 3 Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • Mar 3 US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • Mar 3 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
  • Mar 4 Finland declares war on nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Mar 5 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 5 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • Mar 5 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 5 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • Mar 6 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6 Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
  • Mar 6 Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis
  • Mar 6 Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
  • Mar 7 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • Mar 7 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • Mar 7 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
  • Mar 7 Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
  • Mar 8 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • Mar 8 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 8 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • Mar 8 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign

BattleFirebombing of Tokyo

Mar 9 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs

  • Mar 9 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • Mar 10 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
  • Mar 10 Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • Mar 10 Japan declares Vietnam Independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 10 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
  • Mar 10 US troops lands on Mindanao
  • Mar 11 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • Mar 11 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • Mar 12 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • Mar 12 NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
  • Mar 12 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • Mar 13 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
  • Mar 13 Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • Mar 14 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • Mar 15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • Mar 16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.
  • Mar 17 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • Mar 18 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin
  • Mar 18 US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
  • Mar 19 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • Mar 19 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • Mar 20 US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
  • Mar 21 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • Mar 21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • Mar 21 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • Mar 22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
  • Mar 22 US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • Mar 23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 23 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • Mar 23 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • Mar 24 Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany
  • Mar 24 Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
  • Mar 24 Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
  • Mar 24 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • Mar 25 US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
  • Mar 25 US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • Mar 25 US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
  • Mar 26 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • Mar 26 Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine
  • Mar 26 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • Mar 26 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
  • Mar 26 Iwo Jima occupied, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed
  • Mar 27 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
  • Mar 27 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title
  • Mar 27 Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken
  • Mar 27 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • Mar 27 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • Mar 28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • Mar 29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • Mar 30 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • Mar 30 USSR invades Austria
  • Mar 30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • Mar 31 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 31 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 31 US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Tara Browne, British socialite (d. 1966)
  • Mar 8 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • Mar 8 Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • Mar 9 Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • Mar 10 Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
  • Mar 10 Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association
  • Mar 11 Timothy Mason, consultant (British Arts Council)
  • Mar 12 Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, American gangster
  • Mar 13 Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • Mar 15 Mark J Green, American lawyer/author (Closed Enterprise System), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 15 A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • Mar 17 Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • Mar 18 Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer
  • Mar 20 Larry Combest, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • Mar 20 Tim Yeo, British MP/under-sect (State of Environment)
  • Mar 20 Henry Bartholomay, American fighter pilot
  • Mar 24 Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist
  • Mar 28 Hans Brunhart, leader of Liechtenstein (1978-93)
  • Mar 28 Count Björn Hamilton, Swedish politician

Weddings in History

  • Mar 21 Actor Humphrey Bogart (44) marries actress Lauren Bacall (20)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61
  • Mar 5 Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • Mar 6 Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 7 Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • Mar 8 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • Mar 8 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12 Anne Frank, diarist (Diary of Anne Frank), killed in Belsen Camp aged 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Mar 15 Herman B Wiardi Beckman, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 41
  • Mar 16 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • Mar 16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • Mar 19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • Mar 21 J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • Mar 21 Artur Nebe, German SS officer {b. 1894)
  • Mar 22 J Postuma, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Mar 24 J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • Mar 24 Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies
  • Mar 26 David Lloyd George, British (L) premier (1916-22), dies at 82
  • Mar 26 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • Mar 27 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • Mar 29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Mar 31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45