- Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
- Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
- Japan declares Vietnam Independence
Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
- US troops lands on Mindanao
- Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
- Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association