May 1945 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • May 1 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • May 1 Australian & Dutch troops land on Tarakan
  • May 1 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
  • May 1 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • May 1 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
  • May 1 Soviet army reaches Rostock
  • May 2 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • May 2 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
  • May 2 German Army in Italy surrenders

Victory in battleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

May 2 WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders

  • May 2 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
  • May 3 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
  • May 3 Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
  • May 3 British troop join in Rangoon
  • May 3 WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • May 4 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender
  • May 5 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron.
  • May 5 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • May 5 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • May 5 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 6 Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
  • May 6 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • May 7 WWII: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • May 7 WWII: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims
  • May 7 Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Neth
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • May 7 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • May 8 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • May 8 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
  • May 8 German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Georgy Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin
  • May 8 V-E Day; WWII ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • May 9 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • May 9 Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
  • May 9 Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
  • May 9 Victory celebration at Red Square
  • May 9 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army.

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 9 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • May 9 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British.
  • May 10 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
  • May 10 Russian troops occupied Prague
  • May 11 US Marines conquer Awatsha Draw, Okinawa
  • May 13 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • May 14 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • May 14 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Physician Joseph Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge or informed consent. Stevens lived another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • May 15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
  • May 16 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon, Okinawa
  • May 17 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • May 18 Tigers & A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
  • May 21 Nazi SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler captured
  • May 22 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • May 22 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • May 23 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
  • May 23 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
  • May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
  • May 23 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • May 25 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri Castle, Okinawa

Birthdays in History

  • May 2 Sarah Weddington, American attorney
  • May 4 Monika van Paemel, Belgian writer (Accursed Fathers)
  • May 4 Narasimhan Ram, Indian journalist
  • May 5 Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter
  • May 7 Wim A Mateman, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • May 7 Christy Moore, Irish folk artist
  • May 8 Arthur Docters van Leeuwen, jurist (Holland's secret service)
  • May 10 John Laws, Lord Justice of Appeal (1999- )
  • May 12 Patrick Ricard, French businessman
  • May 13 Magic Dick, [Richard Salwitz], harmonicaist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)
  • May 15 Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, heir to the Portuguese crown
  • May 16 Brewster H Shaw Jr, Mich, Col USAF/astro (STS-9, STS 61B, STS-28)
  • May 16 James Moran, (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • May 17 D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)
  • May 17 George Miller, (Rep-D-CA, 1975- )
  • May 18 John Richard Patterson, businessman
  • May 18 Maarten van Traa, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • May 20 Harold E Ford, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )
  • May 20 Lord Hollick, CEO (MAI)
  • May 20 Nikolai Nikolayevich Fefelov, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • May 20 Wally Herger, (Rep-R-California)
  • May 20 Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian politician
  • May 21 Ernst Willi Messerschmid, Reutlingen Germany, astronaut (STS 22)
  • May 23 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • May 24 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • May 24 Steven Norris, British MP
  • May 25 Dave Lee Travis [David Griffin], British DJ and presenter (Top of the Pops], convicted of indecent assault, born in Buxton, Derbyshire
  • May 28 Hunter "Patch" Adams, American doctor
  • May 28 John N. Bambacus, American politician
  • May 29 Lord Fraser of Carmyllie, Minister of State (Scotland)
  • May 31 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • May 31 Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

May 22 Paranormal investigator Lorraine Warren (18) weds partner Ed Warren (18)

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator Ed Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Ed Warren

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 Paul Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Minister of Propoganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife and arranges the death of his 6 children aged

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • May 2 Martin Bormann, German Nazi Officer, Personal Secretary to Hitler, commits suicide aged 44 (remains identified 1972)
  • May 2 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • May 3 Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN), dies at 66
  • May 5 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • May 5 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die due to world war two on the main land of the United States when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that landed in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • May 8 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • May 10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • May 14 Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • May 15 Major Courtney, US medal of honor marine, dies in battle of Sugar Loaf
  • May 15 Charles Williams, UK writer (b. 1886)
  • May 17 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • May 17 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • May 19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)
  • May 22 Carel A Lion Cachet, lithographer/wood carver, dies
  • May 25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • May 30 Irma Laplasse, Flemish farmer/nazi collaborator, executed