October 1945 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands
  • Oct 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • Oct 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • Oct 5 Indonesian army forms
  • Oct 5 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Gen Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • Oct 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented
  • Oct 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • Oct 16 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Oct 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • Oct 20 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • Oct 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Oct 24 Charter of United Nations comes into effect

  • Oct 24 France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • Oct 29 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Oct 30 US government announces end of shoe rationing

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • Oct 2 Frank Tejeda, (Rep-D-Texas)
  • Oct 2 Vladimir Ivanovich Kozlov, cosmonaut
  • Oct 3 Kay Baxter, Woodsfield Ohio, Best Bodybuilder in World (1983-85)
  • Oct 6 Domonic Barber, attorney (Howard Stern, Jessica Hahn, Joe Buttafucco)
  • Oct 13 Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
  • Oct 16 Paul Monette, American writer and LBT activist, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Oct 18 Christopher Shays, (Rep-R-Connecticut)
  • Oct 19 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist
  • Oct 19 Harris Glenn Divine, Baltimore MD
  • Oct 19 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • Oct 21 Nikita Mikhalkov, director (Dark Eyes, Slave of Love)
  • Oct 24 Anthony Christian, English artist
  • Oct 24 Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive
  • Oct 25 David Norman Schramm, physicist
  • Oct 26 Pat Conroy, American writer (The Great Santini, Prince of Tides), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • Oct 26 Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
  • Oct 27 Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
  • Oct 30 Glenn Poshard, (Rep-D-Illinois)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 22 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Perón (26) at a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 25 Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)


Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician (b. 1900)
  • Oct 8 Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72