1945 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 558

  • Feb 24 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
  • Feb 25 US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
  • Feb 25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • Feb 26 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • Feb 27 Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • Mar 1 British 43rd Division under Gen Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • Mar 1 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • Mar 1 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • Mar 2 US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
  • Mar 2 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Mar 3 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • Mar 3 Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • Mar 3 US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • Mar 3 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
  • Mar 4 Finland declares war on nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Mar 5 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 5 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • Mar 5 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 5 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • Mar 6 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 6 Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
  • Mar 6 Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis
  • Mar 6 Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
  • Mar 7 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • Mar 7 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • Mar 7 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
  • Mar 7 Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
  • Mar 8 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • Mar 8 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 8 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • Mar 8 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn in as US Navy ensign

BattleFirebombing of Tokyo

Mar 9 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs

  • Mar 9 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • Mar 10 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
  • Mar 10 Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • Mar 10 Japan grants occupied Vietnam independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Mar 10 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.
  • Mar 10 US troops land in western Mindanao, Philippines in Operation VICTOR IV
  • Mar 11 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • Mar 11 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • Mar 12 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • Mar 12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • Mar 12 NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
  • Mar 12 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • Mar 13 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
  • Mar 13 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst arrests Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • Mar 14 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • Mar 15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • Mar 16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.
  • Mar 17 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • Mar 18 1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin
  • Mar 18 US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
  • Mar 19 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • Mar 19 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • Mar 20 US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
  • Mar 21 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • Mar 21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • Mar 21 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • Mar 22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
  • Mar 22 US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
  • Mar 23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 23 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • Mar 23 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • Mar 24 Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany
  • Mar 24 Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
  • Mar 24 Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
  • Mar 24 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • Mar 25 US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
  • Mar 25 US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • Mar 25 US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
  • Mar 26 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • Mar 26 Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine
  • Mar 26 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • Mar 26 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
  • Mar 26 Iwo Jima occupied, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed
  • Mar 27 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
  • Mar 27 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title
  • Mar 27 Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken
  • Mar 27 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • Mar 27 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • Mar 28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • Mar 29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • Mar 30 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • Mar 30 USSR invades Austria
  • Mar 30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • Mar 31 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
  • Mar 31 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 31 US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
  • Apr 1 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
  • Apr 1 Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
  • Apr 1 Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 285

  • May 16 James Moran, (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • May 17 D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)
  • May 17 George Miller, (Rep-D-CA, 1975- )
  • May 18 John Richard Patterson, businessman
  • May 18 Maarten van Traa, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • May 20 Harold E Ford, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )
  • May 20 Lord Hollick, CEO (MAI)
  • May 20 Nikolai Nikolayevich Fefelov, Russian colonel and cosmonaut
  • May 20 Wally Herger, (Rep-R-California)
  • May 20 Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian politician
  • May 21 Ernst Willi Messerschmid, Reutlingen Germany, astronaut (STS 22)
  • May 23 Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • May 24 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • May 24 Steven Norris, British MP
  • May 25 Dave Lee Travis [David Griffin], British DJ and presenter (Top of the Pops], convicted of indecent assault, born in Buxton, Derbyshire
  • May 28 Hunter "Patch" Adams, American doctor
  • May 28 John N. Bambacus, American politician
  • May 29 Lord Fraser of Carmyllie, Minister of State (Scotland)
  • May 31 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • May 31 Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist
  • Jun 4 Daniel Topolski, writer/photographer/rowing coach
  • Jun 4 Ivan "Ironman" Stewart, Mickey Thompson off-road champ (1983, 84, 90)
  • Jun 6 David E Bonior, (Rep-D-MI, 1977- )
  • Jun 7 Wolfgang Schüssel, Chancellor of Austria
  • Jun 8 Donna Deitch, director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place)
  • Jun 9 Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 11 Robert Munsch, Canadian children's author (The Paper Bag Princess, Love You Forever), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Children's Author Robert Munsch
Children's Author
Robert Munsch
  • Jun 12 Alfred Antony Francis Gell, social anthropologist
  • Jun 13 Ronald J Grabe, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-J, 30, 42, 57), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 13 Whitley Strieber, American author
  • Jun 15 Miriam Defensor-Santiago, Philippine senator
  • Jun 15 Lawrence Wilkerson, American retired military officer
  • Jun 16 Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician
  • Jun 17 Tommy Franks, American General
  • Jun 17 Ken Livingstone, English politician (Mayor of London 2000-08), born in London

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Jun 19 Tobias Wolff, US writer (This Boy's Life)
  • Jun 19 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • Jun 20 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • Jun 20 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • Jun 21 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
  • Jun 23 K B Wilson, methodist Preacher/Principal (Westminster College Oxford)
  • Jun 23 John Garang, Sudanese leader and politician (d. 2005)
  • Jun 23 Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer.
  • Jun 24 Colin Blunstone, England, rocker (Zombies-Never Even Thought)
  • Jun 24 George E Pataki, Peekskill NY, (Gov-R-NY, 1995- )
  • Jun 26 Malachi York, Nuwaubian leader
  • Jun 27 Norma Kamali, American dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 27 Omar Badsha, Durban, South Africa, South African photographer, trade unionist and political activist
  • Jun 28 Jane Harmon, (Rep-D-California)
  • Jun 29 Chandrika Kumaratunga, first female President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005)
  • Jul 3 Michael Martin, British politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09)
  • Jul 5 Dick Scoppettone, rocker
  • Jul 5 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican Politician and Attorney General of México.
  • Jul 6 Rik Elswit, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place)
  • Jul 6 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator
  • Jul 7 Matti Salminen, Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
  • Jul 7 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • Jul 8 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • Jul 9 Dean R[ay] Koontz, US, sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild)
  • Jul 9 Lewis F Payne Jr, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • Jul 9 Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
  • Jul 11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • Jul 13 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • Jul 15 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Diana Warwick, leader (Association of University Teachers)
  • Jul 16 Jos Stelling, director (Pointsman)
  • Jul 17 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 18 Danny McCullock, rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • Jul 19 Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
  • Jul 20 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • Jul 20 Viscount Petersham, English large landowner
  • Jul 21 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • Jul 21 John Lowe, English darts player
  • Jul 24 Azim Premji, Indian businessman

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • Jul 30 Patrick Modiano, French novelist
  • Jul 31 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)
  • Aug 1 Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 5 Jacob Reitsma, economist/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 7 Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
  • Aug 14 Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • Aug 15 Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • Aug 15 Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
  • Aug 16 Suzanne Farrell, ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Aug 22 Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
  • Aug 22 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • Aug 22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 170 of 170

  • May 15 Charles Williams, UK writer (b. 1886)
  • May 17 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • May 17 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • May 19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)
  • May 22 Carel A Lion Cachet, lithographer/wood carver, dies
  • May 25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • May 30 Irma Laplasse, Flemish farmer/nazi collaborator, executed
  • Jun 4 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • Jun 6 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, anti semite/NSB (1937-41), suicide
  • Jun 7 Nishida Kitaro, scholar/philosopher/Zen practitioner, dies at 74
  • Jun 8 Karl Hanke, Nazi official (b. 1903)
  • Jun 16 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • Jun 18 Colonel Roberts, commandant 22nd regiment marines, dies in battle
  • Jun 18 Simon B Buckner, US lt-gen/commandant of 10th Army, dies in action
  • Jun 20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • Jun 21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • Jun 22 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 22 Mitsuri Ushijima, Jap lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 23 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry, French author and poet (b. 1871)
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer, dies at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • Sep 6 John S Mccain, US admiral, (WW II-Pacific Ocean), dies
  • Sep 15 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • Sep 16 John "Pa" van de Steur, philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • Sep 20 William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • Sep 20 Augusto Tasso Fragoso, Brazilian president (b. 1869)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz, commits suicide at 36

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Sep 25 Charles A Ellwood, US sociologist/psychologist, dies at 72
  • Sep 26 R Beer-Hofmann, writer, dies at 78
  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician (b. 1900)
  • Oct 8 Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • Nov 2 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • Nov 16 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • Nov 20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • Dec 4 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)
  • Dec 10 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer (b. 1913)
  • Dec 11 Charles Fabry, French physicist (b. 1867)
  • Dec 13 Robert van Genechten, Dutch Nazi (NSB), commits suicide
  • Dec 13 Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • Dec 14 Henry van Goudoever, Dutch lawyer/judge, dies on his 69th birthday
  • Dec 14 Josef Kramer, known as "beast of Belsen," & 10 others, hanged
  • Dec 16 Fumimaro Konu, Japanese prince/PM (1937-39, 40-41), commits harakiri

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 21 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", dies of congestive heart failure at 60

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Dec 22 Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63
  • Dec 23 Mogens Klitgaard, Danish author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • Dec 28 Theodore Dreiser, novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74
  • Dec 31 Donald Douglas II, dies at 40