1945 in History (Part 4)

Events in History

Events 301 - 400 of 559

  • Apr 30 Red Army occupies Demmin

Victory in battleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

Apr 30 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin

  • Apr 30 Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • Apr 30 US troops attack the Elbe
  • May 1 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • May 1 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • May 1 Australian & Dutch troops land on Tarakan
  • May 1 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
  • May 1 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • May 1 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
  • May 1 Soviet army reaches Rostock
  • May 2 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • May 2 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
  • May 2 German Army in Italy surrenders
  • May 2 WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders
  • May 2 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
  • May 3 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
  • May 3 Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
  • May 3 British troop join in Rangoon
  • May 3 WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • May 4 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender
  • May 5 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron.
  • May 5 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • May 5 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • May 5 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 6 Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
  • May 6 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • May 7 WWII: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • May 7 WWII: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims
  • May 7 Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Neth
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • May 7 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • May 8 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • May 8 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
  • May 8 German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Georgy Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin
  • May 8 V-E Day; WWII ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • May 9 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • May 9 Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
  • May 9 Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
  • May 9 Victory celebration at Red Square
  • May 9 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army.

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 9 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • May 9 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British.
  • May 10 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
  • May 10 Russian troops occupied Prague
  • May 11 US Marines conquer Awatsha Draw, Okinawa
  • May 13 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • May 14 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • May 14 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Physician Joseph Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge or informed consent. Stevens lived another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • May 15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
  • May 16 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon, Okinawa
  • May 17 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • May 18 Tigers & A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
  • May 21 Nazi SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler captured
  • May 22 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • May 22 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • May 23 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
  • May 23 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
  • May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
  • May 23 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • May 25 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri Castle, Okinawa
  • Jun 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • Jun 4 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • Jun 4 US, Russia, Britain & France agree to split occupied Germany
  • Jun 5 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • Jun 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jun 9 "Gruesome Twosome" premieres in USA
  • Jun 9 -10] Australian troops lands in Brunei Bay North-Borneo
  • Jun 10 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • Jun 12 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • Jun 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • Jun 15 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • Jun 16 Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
  • Jun 17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • Jun 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • Jun 21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II
  • Jun 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • Jun 24 Schermerhorn government forms
  • Jun 24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place.
  • Jun 25 Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
  • Jun 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • Jun 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • Jun 28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • Jun 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • Jun 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • Jun 30 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
  • Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations
  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Wash Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
  • Jul 10 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff

Birthdays in History

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Weddings in History

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Divorces in History

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Deaths in History

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