1945 in History (Part 5)

Events in History

Events 401 - 500 of 559

  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
  • Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 23 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • Jul 30 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Aug 2 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill ends

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
  • Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • Aug 15 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • Aug 20 Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • Aug 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Victory in battleSurrender of Japan

Sep 1 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (US date, 2nd September in Japan)

  • Sep 2 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)
  • Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)
  • Sep 3 WWII: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • Sep 4 Ruben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded
  • Sep 4 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • Sep 7 Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
  • Sep 7 Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park HR, only HR hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 8 US invades Japanese-held Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 8 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Sep 9 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • Sep 9 Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR
  • Sep 9 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Brown, 1-0
  • Sep 9 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log
  • Sep 10 KLS-AM in Oakland Ca changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)
  • Sep 10 Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis
  • Sep 10 Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death.
  • Sep 11 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • Sep 15 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • Sep 16 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • Sep 18 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration
  • Sep 19 Kim Il Sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea
  • Sep 19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
  • Sep 20 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • Sep 26 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid
  • Sep 28 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • Sep 28 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • Sep 30 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43
  • Oct 1 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands
  • Oct 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • Oct 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • Oct 5 Indonesian army forms
  • Oct 5 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Gen Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • Oct 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
  • Oct 8 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented
  • Oct 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • Oct 16 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence
  • Oct 17 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History