1945 in History (Part 6)

Events in History

Events 501 - 559 of 559

  • Oct 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • Oct 20 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • Oct 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

Oct 24 Charter of United Nations comes into effect

  • Oct 24 France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • Oct 29 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Oct 30 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 3 Lindsay Hassett scores 187 & 124* for Aust Services at Delhi
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • Nov 6 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • Nov 6 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down
  • Nov 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
  • Nov 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
  • Nov 10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • Nov 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • Nov 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • Nov 14 H Lindsay & R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • Nov 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame
  • Nov 16 Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)
  • Nov 16 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • Nov 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF
  • Nov 20 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
  • Nov 20 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague
  • Nov 21 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres
  • Nov 21 General Motors workers go on strike
  • Nov 23 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • Nov 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Gen George Marshall named special US envoy to China

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Nov 27 Trial against NSB-leader Mussert begins
  • Nov 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • Nov 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
  • Dec 4 Senate approves US participation in United Nations
  • Dec 5 "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
  • Dec 5 Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
  • Dec 10 Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car
  • Dec 11 Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip
  • Dec 12 Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death
  • Dec 14 Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
  • Dec 18 Uruguay joins the United Nations
  • Dec 19 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • Dec 19 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 20 Rationing of auto tires ends in US
  • Dec 21 Gould/Comden/Green's "Billion Dollar Baby" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 22 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
  • Dec 23 Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
  • Dec 23 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church
  • Dec 26 CFP franc and CFA franc are created.
  • Dec 27 Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 27 International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries
  • Dec 27 The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.
  • Dec 28 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance"
  • Dec 31 Ratification of United Nations Charter completed

Birthdays in History

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Weddings in History

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Divorces in History

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Deaths in History

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