January 1948 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Italy adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US president Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 21 W Indies v England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms-People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Executive Order 9981 ending racial segregation in US Armed Forces signed
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators.

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
  • Jan 31 J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • Jan 4 Eugeniusz Wycisło, Polish politician
  • Jan 6 Guy Spencer Gardner, Alta Vista Va, Lt Col USAF/astro (STS 27, STS 35)
  • Jan 6 Robert E [Bob] Wise Jr, (Rep-D-WV, 1983- )
  • Jan 8 Gillies Mackinnon, director (Playboys)
  • Jan 12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (d. 2001)
  • Jan 12 William Nicholson, English writer
  • Jan 13 Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • Jan 15 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV)
  • Jan 16 Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov, Riga, cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71)
  • Jan 16 Christopher Moran, English financier/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 16 Cliff Thorburn, Victoria, BC, champion snooker player
  • Jan 16 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer (d. 2002)
  • Jan 16 Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor
  • Jan 17 Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader
  • Jan 20 Jerry Ross, Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74, sk:88)
  • Jan 20 Natan Sharansky, Russian-born physicist and politician
  • Jan 20 Nancy Kress, American writer
  • Jan 24 Elliott Abrams, asst secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras
  • Jan 25 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter
  • Jan 25 Ros Kelly, Australian politician
  • Jan 28 Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)
  • Jan 28 Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • Jan 30 Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • Jan 31 Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Raoul Auernheimer, writer, dies
  • Jan 8 Kurt Schwitters, writer, dies at 60
  • Jan 14 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • Jan 19 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • Jan 24 Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
  • Jan 24 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
  • Jan 29 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)


Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi, India's political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30 Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76