1949 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 224

  • Jan 1 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
  • Jan 2 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • Jan 3 The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded
  • Jan 5 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jan 7 1st photo of genes taken at U of S California by Pease & Baker
  • Jan 10 RCA introduces 45 RPM record
  • Jan 11 Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles
  • Jan 12 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • Jan 14 Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • Jan 15 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
  • Jan 18 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
  • Jan 19 Cuba recognises Israel.
  • Jan 20 US President Harry Truman announces his four point program
  • Jan 21 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
  • Jan 22 Chinatown telephone exchange closed

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 25 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • Jan 27 Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
  • Jan 28 UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
  • Jan 29 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand & Switzerland recognize Israel
  • Feb 1 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • Feb 4 Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia
  • Feb 8 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty sentenced to life in prison
  • Feb 12 Panic in Quito, Ecuador, after "War of the Worlds" played on radio
  • Feb 12 Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
  • Feb 12 Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem
  • Feb 14 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
  • Feb 14 Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses
  • Feb 15 Dmitri Shostakovitch' "Song of the Woods" premieres in Leningrad
  • Feb 17 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
  • Feb 17 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN
  • Feb 17 Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
  • Feb 17 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
  • Feb 17 Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • Feb 19 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • Feb 20 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
  • Feb 24 Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement
  • Feb 24 V-2/WAC-Corporal rocket 1st object to reach 5x the speed of sound at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico
  • Feb 25 WAC Corporal rocket achieves height of 400k (record)
  • Feb 26 USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
  • Feb 27 Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel
  • Mar 1 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
  • Mar 2 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)
  • Mar 2 Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Tx, covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs
  • Mar 4 Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister
  • Mar 4 Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
  • Mar 4 Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
  • Mar 5 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • Mar 8 WBAP-FM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Brigadier Gen Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Mar 9 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes
  • Mar 13 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • Mar 13 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 18 NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Org) ratified
  • Mar 19 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn
  • Mar 23 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 24 Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win
  • Mar 24 SS police chief in the Netherlands Hanns Albin Rauter's request for a pardon denied, executed by firing squad
  • Mar 29 Turkey recognizes Israel
  • Mar 30 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
  • Mar 31 Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
  • Apr 4 Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement
  • Apr 4 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington DC
  • Apr 5 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • Apr 9 UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
  • Apr 14 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • Apr 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Redemptoris nostri
  • Apr 18 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • Apr 23 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing
  • Apr 23 Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in SF
  • Apr 23 Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
  • Apr 24 3rd Tony Awards: Death of a Salesman & Kiss Me Kate win
  • Apr 25 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse" premieres in Basel
  • Apr 26 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Apr 28 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
  • May 1 A's Elmer Valo is 1st AL'er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game
  • May 1 Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • May 2 Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
  • May 2 Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0
  • May 3 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
  • May 5 Council of Europe forms
  • May 5 Statute of Council of Europe drawn up
  • May 8 West German constitution approved
  • May 9 Britain's 1st launderette opens in Queensway, London
  • May 9 Prince Rainier III becomes monarch of Monaco
  • May 11 By a vote of 37-12, Israel becomes 59th member of UN
  • May 11 Siam renames itself Thailand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 1st foreign woman ambassador received in USA (Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit of India)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • May 13 1st British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, makes its 1st test flight
  • May 14 US President Harry Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral
  • May 17 British government recognises Republic of Ireland (previously Irish Free State)
  • May 18 Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporates
  • May 23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
  • May 23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • May 25 Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai
  • May 27 Indians start 12-17, owner Bill Veeck arranges a "Second Opening Day"
  • May 30 East German constitution approved
  • May 30 NPS/VHP win 1st general election in Suriname

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 229

  • Jan 1 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • Jan 1 Peter Dormer, arts writer
  • Jan 3 Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • Jan 10 Walter S Browne, US chess champion (1974-78, 1980-84)
  • Jan 10 James Lapine, American stage director
  • Jan 12 James Dietz I, American rower, born in new York City
  • Jan 12 Michael W. Vannier, American radiologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 12 Haruki Murakami, Japanese writer (Norwegian Wood), born in Kyoto

  • Jan 13 Rakesh Sharma, India, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11)
  • Jan 14 Mary Robison, American writer
  • Jan 18 Philippe Starck, French designer
  • Jan 18 Bill Keller, American newspaper editor
  • Jan 20 Kieron Walsh, academic
  • Jan 22 Rein P Hummel, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • Jan 23 Robert Cabana, Mjr USMC/astronaut (STS 41, 53, 68, sk:88), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Jan 24 Bart Gordon, (Rep-D-TN, 1985- )
  • Jan 25 John Cooper Clarke, English punk-poet
  • Jan 26 Jonathan Carroll, American author
  • Jan 27 Ethan Mordden, American author
  • Jan 28 Thomas J Downey, (Rep-D-NY, 1975- )
  • Jan 30 William King, Alabama, soul trumpeteer (Commodores-Easy)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30 Peter Agre, American biologist and Nobel laureate, born in Northfield, Minnesota

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre
  • Jan 31 Ken Wilber, American philosopher
  • Feb 5 Maidarjabyn Ganzorig, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39 backup)
  • Feb 6 Frank Rich, US politician (?)
  • Feb 9 Janet Issaca Ashford, writer
  • Feb 9 Judith Light, (Angela-Who's the Boss, 1 Life to Live), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Feb 14 Richard E Neal, (Rep-D-Massachusetts)
  • Feb 15 George Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle, English hereditary peer
  • Feb 16 Dorus Vrede, Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank)
  • Feb 18 Gary Ridgway, American serial killer
  • Feb 19 Dan Bunten, American software developer (d. 1998)
  • Feb 19 William Messner-Loebs, American comics writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 23 Marc Garneau, Canadian astronaut (STS 13, 77), born in Quebec City, Québec

Astronaut Marc Garneau
Astronaut
Marc Garneau
  • Feb 23 Maureen Hicks, British MP
  • Feb 26 Elizabeth George, American novelist
  • Mar 1 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • Mar 3 Bonnie J Dunbar, Sunnyside Wash, PhD/astro (STS 61-A, 32, 50, 71, 89)
  • Mar 3 James S Voss, Cordova Alabama, Major USA/astronaut (STS 44, 53, 69)
  • Mar 3 Jüri Allik, Estonian psychologist
  • Mar 5 Franz Josef Jung, Commander-in-chief of the German Bundeswehr
  • Mar 7 Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
  • Mar 12 David Mellor, secretary of the British treasury/MP
  • Mar 14 Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author
  • Mar 16 Bertha Knox Gilkey, welfare & tenament rights for urban women
  • Mar 18 Alex "Hurricane" Higgins, Irish snooker player (2X world-champ)
  • Mar 18 Starr Danias, American ballerina (Turning Point), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 21 Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic
  • Mar 22 D Watson, director (Brighton U)
  • Mar 23 Karen English, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • Mar 23 Roland Lee, American Watercolor Artist
  • Mar 26 Baroness Hayman [Hélène Hayman], Wolverhampton, West Midlands, Lord Speaker of the House of Lords
  • Mar 26 Patrick Süskind, German writer
  • Mar 27 Patrick Deuchar, CEO (Albert Hall)
  • Mar 29 Keith Simpson, British politician
  • Mar 30 Liza Frulla, Quebec politician
  • Apr 1 Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
  • Apr 2 Paul Gambaccini, British disc jockey
  • Apr 4 Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese mathematician
  • Apr 5 Judith Arlene Resnik, ast (STS 41D, 51L-Chal disaster), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Apr 6 Mary Maples Dunn, American college president (Smith College), born in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • Apr 12 Scott Turow, American writer
  • Apr 13 Jean-Jacques Favier, Kehl Germany, astronaut (STS 78)
  • Apr 13 Philippe Petit, Nemours France, juggler/aerialist
  • Apr 13 Christopher Hitchens, English author and columnist (Vanity Fair, New Statesman), born in Portsmouth, England
  • Apr 14 DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • Apr 19 Myra McCulloch, teacher academic/administrator
  • Apr 19 Larry Walters, American "lawn chair" pilot (d. 1993)
  • Apr 23 John Miles, vocal/guitar/keyboards (John Miles Band-Rebel, Zaragon)
  • Apr 25 Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician
  • Apr 25 James Fenton, British poet
  • Apr 28 Jerome "Jay" Apt, astronaut (STS 37, 47, 59, 79), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Apr 28 Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 António Guterres, 114th Prime Minister of Portugal (1995-2002) and 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2017-), born in Lisbon, Portugal

Prime Minister of Portugal and Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres
Prime Minister of Portugal and Secretary-General of the United Nations
António Guterres
  • May 1 Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • May 2 Joey Phillips, percussionist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover)
  • May 3 Albert Sacco Jr, PhD/astronaut (STS 73), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • May 3 Ron Wyden, (Rep-D-OR, 1981- )
  • May 4 Gerrit J P van Otterloo, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • May 4 Graham Swift, British author (Waterland, Last Orders), born in London
  • May 6 David Cornell Leestma, Muskegon Mich, USN/astronaut (STS 41-G, 28, 45)
  • May 7 Stuart Marshall, director (Desire)
  • May 9 Oleg Yuriyevich Atkov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-10)
  • May 10 Miuccia Prada, Italian fashion designer , born in Milan, Italy
  • May 15 Frank L Culbertson Jr, Cmdr USN/astro (STS-38), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • May 17 Timothy Cordy, British director (Town/Country Planning Association)
  • May 18 Stuart Gannes, writer (Fortune), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • May 20 Nick Joe Rahall II, (Rep-D-WV, 1977- )
  • May 21 Andrew Neil, Scottish newspaper editor, (Sunday Times), born in Paisley, Scotland
  • May 23 Alan Garcia Perez, President of Peru (1985-90)
  • May 25 Jamaica Kincaid, [Elaine P Richardson], Antigua/US journalist (NYer)
  • May 26 Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer and inventor
  • Jun 2 Heather Couper, British astron
  • Jun 3 David Evenett, MP (Conservative)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5 Ken Follett, Welsh spy author (Eye of the Needle, Lie Down with Lions), born in Cardiff, Wales

Author Ken Follett
Author
Ken Follett
  • Jun 9 Douglas Henderson, British MP
  • Jun 10 John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
  • Jun 11 George Willig, stuntman (climbed World Trade Center in 1977)
  • Jun 11 Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist
  • Jun 12 Yuri Michaylovich Baturin, Russian cosmonaut (SK:Soyuz TM-28)

Weddings in History

  • Jan 18 South African Rev Andries P Treurnicht marries Engela Dreyer

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 6 Diplomat Henry Kissinger (25) weds Ann Fleisher (23) in Washington Heights, Manhattan

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 29 President of Egypt Anwar Sadat (30) weds human rights activist Jehan Raouf (16) in Egypt

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 12 Religious leader Jim Jones (18) weds nurse Marceline Baldwin

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 11 Molecular biologist Francis Crick (33) weds artist Odile Speed (29)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • Sep 29 George Lascelles marries Maria Stein

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 20 Constitutional lawyer Phyllis Schlafly (25) weds attorney John Fred Schlafly, Jr.

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 24 Linguist Noam Chomsky (21) weds Carol Doris Schatz (19)

Linguist & Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist & Author
Noam Chomsky

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)
  • Jan 15 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron/diplomat/senator, dies at 63
  • Jan 15 Charles Ponzi, Italian con man (Ponzi scheme in the US), dies at 66
  • Jan 20 Josephus T J Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87
  • Jan 22 William Thomas Walsh, American author (b. 1891)
  • Jan 25 Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
  • Feb 12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
  • Feb 14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • Feb 18 Niceto A Zamora y Torres, premier of Spain (1931-36), dies at 71
  • Mar 7 Francis Dodd, English artist (b. 1874)
  • Mar 13 Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • Mar 14 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • Mar 17 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • Mar 25 Hanns A Rauter, German SS-commandant in Netherland, executed at 54
  • Mar 30 Friedrich C R Bergius, chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64
  • Apr 13 C V France, dies at 80
  • Apr 14 Joseph A Cushman, US paleontologist, dies at 68
  • Apr 16 Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, Indon communist, executed at 54
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bloomfield, linguist/philosopher, dies
  • Apr 28 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (shot) (b. 1888)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 6 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • May 9 Louis II, Prince of Monaco, dies
  • May 11 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor), dies at 65
  • May 16 William Newzam Prior Nicholson, painter/engraver, dies
  • May 18 James T Adams, US historian (Pulitzer 1921)
  • May 20 Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
  • May 21 Klaus Mann, German writer, dies at 42
  • May 22 Klaus H T Mann, German/US writer (Turning Point), dies
  • May 24 Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (b. 1873)
  • May 25 Simon H Spoor, intelligence officer/general (WW II), dies at 47
  • May 27 Ropert L Ripley, cartoonist (Believe It or Not), dies at 55 in NY
  • Jun 3 Amedos Peter Giannine, founder of Bank of America dies at 79
  • Jun 10 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • Jun 11 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • Jun 11 Oton Zupanic, Slavs poet (Zimzelen pod snegom), dies at 71
  • Jun 19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • Jun 26 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
  • Jul 1 Louis Davids, [Simon David], cabaret artist, dies at 65
  • Jul 2 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49), dies at 67
  • Jul 8 Antun Sa'ada, Syrian rightwing politician, executed in Lebanon
  • Jul 12 Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • Jul 16 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (b. 1866)
  • Aug 9 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), dies at 74
  • Aug 14 Husni al-Barazi, premier of Syria, shot to death
  • Aug 14 Husni el-Zaim, president/dictator of Syria, shot to death

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 16 Margaret Mitchell, US writer (Gone With the Wind), dies at 48

  • Aug 17 Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist & politician (b. 1891)
  • Aug 26 Nico van Suchtelen, publisher, dies at 70
  • Aug 31 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (actinium), dies
  • Sep 7 José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (b. 1883)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 13 August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, dies at 75

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • Sep 19 George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
  • Oct 6 Robert Lynd [YY], Irish writer/critic (News Chronicle), dies at 70
  • Oct 29 G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • Oct 31 Edward R Stettinius, US foreign minister (1944-45)/diplomat, dies
  • Nov 2 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (b. 1872)
  • Nov 3 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and art collector (Guggenheim Museum New York), dies at 88
  • Nov 8 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian clergyman (b. 1874)
  • Nov 12 Hendrik A de Fish, [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological, dies at 64
  • Nov 19 James Ensor, Flemish painter/etcher (Oestereetster), dies at 89
  • Nov 23 Gustav Radbruch, German Min of Justice, dies
  • Dec 3 Elin Pelin, writer, dies
  • Dec 10 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak (1949), dies at 45 after being fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by pro-Indonesian Malay student Rosli Dhoby
  • Dec 16 Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed
  • Dec 28 W Hervey Allen, US writer/poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60