April 1955 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • Apr 1 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • Apr 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Apr 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Apr 3 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • Apr 3 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Apr 4 British government signs military treaty with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Apr 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 6 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • Apr 9 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 10 Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely

MurderAssassination Attempt

Apr 11 Chartered Air India plane the "Kashmir Princess" is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by a Kuomintang secret agent

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Polio vaccine tested by Dr Jonas Salk announced to be 'safe and effective'

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Apr 13 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • Apr 14 Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • Apr 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 18 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • Apr 18 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • Apr 19 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • Apr 21 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 21 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • Apr 24 Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • Apr 24 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • Apr 29 Giovanni Gronchi elected third president of Italy
  • Apr 30 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • Apr 30 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • Apr 30 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • Apr 2 Michael Stone, British terrorist
  • Apr 3 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • Apr 5 Janice Long, British radio host (Crash FM)
  • Apr 5 Renate Bruemmer, astronaut/cosmonaut
  • Apr 5 Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
  • Apr 6 Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer
  • Apr 7 Andrea Fisher, American artist, born in New York (d. 1997)
  • Apr 8 John Campbell, harness racer (3-time winner of Hambletonian)
  • Apr 8 Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist
  • Apr 8 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician
  • Apr 9 Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist
  • Apr 9 Kate Heyhoe, American food writer
  • Apr 11 Piers J Sellers, English astronaut and climate scientist, born in Sussex (d. 2016)
  • Apr 11 Kevin Brady, American politician (Rep Texas (R) 1997-), born in Vermillion, South Dakota
  • Apr 13 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, the governor of the Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • Apr 13 Ole von Beust, Mayor of Hamburg
  • Apr 15 Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • Apr 16 Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • Apr 16 Henri, Heir Apparent Prince of Luxembourg
  • Apr 17 Pete Shelley, vocal/guitar (Buzzcocks-Going Steady, Love Bites)
  • Apr 17 Peter Michalke, journalist
  • Apr 18 Amschel Rothschild, banker
  • Apr 20 Donald R Pettit, Silverton Oregon, PhD/astronaut
  • Apr 23 Mike Smith, British DJ
  • Apr 23 Tony Miles, chess player
  • Apr 24 Jack Kingston, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • Apr 24 John de Mol, Dutch media businessman
  • Apr 25 John Nunn, British chess player
  • Apr 27 Cora Ann Mahalick, NJ, news anchor (WNYW-TV)
  • Apr 28 Nicky Gumbel, British author and priest
  • Apr 30 Dimitra Papandreau, Greece, wife of Greek PM Andreas Papandreau
  • Apr 30 Nicolas Hulot, French journalist

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
  • Apr 10 Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
  • Apr 16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
  • Apr 18 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher/scholar, dies in Germany at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 18 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), dies of an abdominal aortic aneurysm at 76

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Apr 23 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-First-Member of parliament, dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • Apr 25 Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer, dies at 73
  • Apr 28 Lode Cantens, Flemish playwrite (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43