July 1960 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel
  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 8 Fidel Castro ends Havana's Intl League team, Sugar Kings move to NJ
  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta & Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Harper Lee
  • Jul 12 Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
  • Jul 12 Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government Tambroni, resigns
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 Sirima Bandaranaike becomes 1st female premier of Ceylon
  • Jul 20 USSR recovered 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage.
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa
  • Jul 21 In Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) Sirima Bandaranaike is world's 1st woman PM
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 28 Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
  • Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 5 James M. Kelly, American politician
  • Jul 6 Jozef/Josef Pribilinec, Czech, speed walker (world record 10K)
  • Jul 7 Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
  • Jul 9 Christopher J "Gus" Loria, Newton Mass, Major USMC/astronaut
  • Jul 13 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • Jul 14 Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • Jul 15 Alexander W Dunlap, astronaut, born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Jul 19 Atom Egoyan, Cairo Egypt, director (Adjuster, Next of Kin)
  • Jul 20 Katie Rabbet, Prince Andrew's former girlfriend, born in London, England
  • Jul 25 Alain Robidoux, Canadian snooker player
  • Jul 27 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King
  • Jul 28 Yōichi Takahashi, Japanese mangaka of Captain Tsubasa and Hungry Heart Wild Striker

Weddings in History

  • Jul 3 Vernon Presley (father of Elvis) weds Dee Alliot

Deaths in History

  • Jul 6 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
  • Jul 13 Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
  • Jul 13 Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • Jul 15 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
  • Jul 16 Albrecht von Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Italy), dies at 74
  • Jul 16 John Phillips Marquand, novelist, dies at 66
  • Jul 26 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • Jul 26 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (b. 1893)
  • Jul 29 Richard Simon, co-founder (Simon & Shuster), dies