April 1961 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 3 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • Apr 5 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • Apr 8 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
  • Apr 10 Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel
  • Apr 10 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to JFK about New Guinea
  • Apr 11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem
  • Apr 11 Adolf Eichmann trial begins in Israel
  • Apr 11 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns
  • Apr 11 Israel begins Adolf Eichmann WW II crimes trial

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin
  • Apr 13 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid
  • Apr 14 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
  • Apr 14 US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
  • Apr 16 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Apr 18 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • Apr 20 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
  • Apr 21 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • Apr 21 French army revolts in Algeria
  • Apr 21 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • Apr 22 Uprising of French parachutist of Gen Salan/Challe in Algeria
  • Apr 23 Algiers putsch by French generals.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Vasa

Apr 24 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

  • Apr 25 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law
  • Apr 25 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • Apr 25 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
  • Apr 25 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
  • Apr 25 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
  • Apr 25 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
  • Apr 26 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
  • Apr 27 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • Apr 27 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • Apr 28 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • Apr 30 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
  • Apr 30 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 5 Jim LeRoy, Airshow Pilot
  • Apr 6 Rory Bremner, impressionist
  • Apr 10 Joe Cole (roadie), American roadie (d. 1991)
  • Apr 17 Frank J. Christensen, American labor leader
  • Apr 18 Pamella Bordes, New Dehli India, British parliament prostitute
  • Apr 19 Richard Phelps, British pentathelete
  • Apr 25 Dinesh D'Souza, American author
  • Apr 28 Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer
  • Apr 29 Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese seiyū

Weddings in History

  • Apr 1 Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 30 Lee Harvey Oswald marries Marina Prusakova in Minsk USSR

Ex-soldier, drifter Lee Harvey Oswald
Ex-soldier, drifter
Lee Harvey Oswald

Deaths in History

  • Apr 2 August Defresne, Dutch director (Anno Christi 969), dies at 67
  • Apr 4 Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
  • Apr 6 Jules J B V Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (Nobel 1919), dies at 90
  • Apr 7 Marian Jordan, radio comedienne (Fibber McGee & Molly), dies at 62
  • Apr 9 Zog I, [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1925-39), dies at 65
  • Apr 13 John A. Bennett, American convicted rapist (b. 1935)
  • Apr 22 Maria Radulphus, [Adrian Hermus], Curacao school inspector, dies at 91
  • Apr 25 Hans F Blunck, writer, dies
  • Apr 27 Roy Del Ruth, director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67