October 1968 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 "Night of the Living Dead" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Oct 1 The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • Oct 2 1st London performance of "Promises, Promises" presented
  • Oct 2 Mexico City police fire on protesting students, 300-500 killed
  • Oct 2 Republic Guinea forms (day of republic)
  • Oct 2 1st time, 2 soon-to-be-named MVPs oppose each other Cards Bob Gibson beat Tigers Denny McLain 4-0
  • Oct 3 Howard Sacklers "Great White Hope" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 3 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
  • Oct 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 3 The proposed civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland, is banned from the area of the city centre and the Waterside area; the banning order is issued under the Public Order Act by William Craig, then Home Affairs Minister
  • Oct 4 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) delegation meet with the Derry March organisers and try to have the march cancelled; eventually it was decided to go ahead with the march.
  • Oct 5 Civil rights march in Derry stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)and resulting clashes lead to two days of serious rioting, often considered the start of \'the Troubles\' in Northern Ireland
  • Oct 7 Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system
  • Oct 7 Rioting continues in Derry, Northern Ireland after Royal Ulster Constabulary put down civil rights march two days earlier
  • Oct 8 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly British HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • Oct 9 Government seizes oil fields in Peru
  • Oct 9 About 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast tried to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality' on 5 October in Derry; the march was blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley and after the demonstration, a student civil rights group—People's Democracy—was formed
  • Oct 10 Lee Evans of US sets 400 metre record at 43.86
  • Oct 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 11 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
  • Oct 11 Billy Martin named manager of Twins
  • Oct 11 Coup d'état in Panama against President Arnulfo Arias
  • Oct 12 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
  • Oct 13 Tinker Creek Gorge of Cleveland Metroparks is dedicated
  • Oct 14 1st live telecast from a manned US spacecraft (Apollo 7)
  • Oct 14 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
  • Oct 14 J R Hines of US runs 100m in world record 9.95 sec
  • Oct 14 A 6.8 earthquake wrecked the Australian town of Meckering, and also ruptured all major roads and railways nearby.

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

Oct 14 Opening of the rebuilt Euston railway station in London

  • Oct 15 AL expansion draft, KC pick Roger Nelson & Pilots pick Don Mincher 1st
  • Oct 15 The Nationalist Party of Northern Ireland (NPNI) withdraws from its role as 'official' opposition within the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont
  • Oct 16 China reports removal of president Li Sjao-tji
  • Oct 16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • Oct 16 The People's Democracy (PD), formed on Oct 9, organise a march of 1,300 students from the Queen's University of Belfast to the City Hall in the centre of the city, Northern Ireland
  • Oct 18 Circus Circus opens in Las Vegas
  • Oct 18 John Lennon & Yoko One fined £150 for marijuana possession
  • Oct 18 Lee Evans sets world record of 43.8 seconds in 400 meter dash
  • Oct 19 Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars
  • Oct 19 Derry Citizen's Action Committee, formed on Oct 9, stage an illegal sit-down at Guildhall Square as part of large civil disobedience campaign
  • Oct 22 Apollo 7 returns to Earth
  • Oct 23 Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 min 34.9 sec)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 Mick Jagger & Marianne Faithful busted for pot, released on £50 bail

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • Oct 24 The People's Democracy (PD) stage a protest demonstration at Stormont Parliament buildings, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Oct 25 Chicago recognizes Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable as its 1st settler
  • Oct 26 First European satellite launched, Esro 1, at Cape Kennedy
  • Oct 26 Soviet Union launches spacecraft Soyuz 3
  • Oct 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 30 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • Oct 30 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
  • Oct 30 Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam
  • Oct 30 Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), meets with Harold Wilson, then British Prime Minister, in London, calling for the ending of partition as a means to resolve the unrest in Northern Ireland
  • Oct 31 Linda Eastman moves to UK permanently

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 US President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Oct 31 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Jon Guenther, American author
  • Oct 2 Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 10 Chris Ofili, English painter (Turner prize - elephant dung), born in Manchester

Painter Chris Ofili
Chris Ofili
  • Oct 23 Maggie Philgence, St Lucia Castries VI, WPVA (Oly Fest-gold-91)
  • Oct 24 Robert Wilonsky, American journalist

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 20 Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (Nude Descending a Staircase), dies at 81

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • Oct 6 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (b. 1917)
  • Oct 9 Pierre Mulele, Congolese rebel leader, executed
  • Oct 20 Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, TV preacher, dies at 84
  • Oct 25 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (Passions), dies
  • Oct 27 Lise Meitner, Austria/Swedish physics (protactinium), dies at 89
  • Oct 28 Henricus WJM Keuls, lawyer/poet, dies at 85
  • Oct 30 Conrad Richter, US writer (Light in the Forest), dies at 78