August 1971 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 4 US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
  • Aug 5 The British Parliament debate the security situation in Northern Ireland
  • Aug 7 Apollo 15 returns to Earth
  • Aug 7 A Catholic man is shot dead by a British soldier in Belfast
  • Aug 8 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • Aug 8 A British soldier is shot dead by the Irish Republican Army in Belfast
  • Aug 9 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • Aug 10 Twins' Harmon Killebrew is 10th to amass 500 HRs, & adds his 501st
  • Aug 10 During the internment round-up operation in west Belfast, the Parachute Regiment kill 11 unarmed civilians in what became known as the Ballymurphy massacre
  • Aug 11 Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
  • Aug 11 Harmon Killebrew hits HRs #500 & 501
  • Aug 11 4 people are shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast; three of them by the British Army, as violence continues following the introduction of Internment and Operation Demetrius

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • Aug 14 Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
  • Aug 14 British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland
  • Aug 14 Cards Bob Gibson, 35, no-hits Pirates, 11-0
  • Aug 14 France performs nuclear test
  • Aug 15 Bahrain gains independence from Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 US President Richard Nixon announces 90-day freeze on wages, prices & rents

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Aug 15 The Social Democratic and Labour Party announce a campaign of civil disobedience in response to the introduction of Internment in Northern Ireland
  • Aug 16 Over 8,000 workers go on strike in Derry, Northern Ireland, in protest at the introduction of Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • Aug 18 New Zealand Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announces in Parliament that New Zealand’s combat force would be withdrawn from Vietnam before the end of the year, coinciding with a similar announcement by the Australian government
  • Aug 20 FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr
  • Aug 22 Bolivian military coup under col Hugo Banzer, pres Torres driven out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the "Camden 28".

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Aug 22 Approximately 130 non-Unionist councillors announce their withdrawal from participation on district councils across Northern Ireland in protest against Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • Aug 24 India beat England by 4 wickets, their win against the Poms
  • Aug 25 Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party Gerry Fitt presents a number of allegations of brutality by the security forces in Northern Ireland to representatives of the United Nations
  • Aug 26 Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
  • Aug 26 NY Giant football team announces they're leaving Bronx for NJ in 1975
  • Aug 28 The US dollar is allowed to float against the Japanese yen for the first time.
  • Aug 31 An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 9 James Kim, technology reporter (d. 2006)
  • Aug 10 Kevin Randleman, American mixed martial artist
  • Aug 17 Shaun Rehn, Australian Rules footballer
  • Aug 19 Tricia Ann Luedtke, Oostburg Wisc, Miss Wisc-America-1991
  • Aug 21 Robert Harvey, Australian Rules Footballer (St Kilda Football Club)
  • Aug 25 Quintis "Chico" Ristie, Suriname radio host
  • Aug 28 Shane Andrews, infielder (Montreal Expos), born in Dallas, Texas

Deaths in History

  • Aug 2 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher, dies at 77
  • Aug 14 Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer, dies at 59
  • Aug 17 Wilhelm List, German field marshal (b. 1880)
  • Aug 19 Walther Victor, writer, dies
  • Aug 20 Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force pilot (b. 1951)
  • Aug 21 George Jackson, US prisoner, shot to death at 29
  • Aug 23 The original Shamu, Sea World orca
  • Aug 27 Bennett Cerf, (Random House)/panelist (What's My Line), dies at 73
  • Aug 27 Margaret Bourke-White, US photographer, 1st female LIFE staff photographer, dies at 67
  • Aug 28 Nathan Leopold, US kidnapper/murderer of Bobby Franks (1924), dies