April 1975 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • Apr 2 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • Apr 3 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • Apr 4 130 killed as USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes
  • Apr 4 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes
  • Apr 4 USAF transport carrying orphans from Saigon crashes killing 155

CommunicationFounding of Microsoft

Apr 4 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.

  • Apr 5 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • Apr 6 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colo
  • Apr 6 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
  • Apr 7 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries
  • Apr 9 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • Apr 12 Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved"
  • Apr 12 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland
  • Apr 13 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • Apr 13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • Apr 15 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • Apr 15 Gabon amends constitution
  • Apr 16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • Apr 17 Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea National Day)
  • Apr 19 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • Apr 20 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • Apr 23 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London
  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 25 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao
  • Apr 25 Mario Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's free election
  • Apr 25 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Apr 25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Apr 26 Mario Soares' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal
  • Apr 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 John Lennon appears on "Tonight" & Ringo Starr on "Smother Brothers"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • Apr 28 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • Apr 29 Ethiopia nationalizes all land

Victory in battleThe Fall of Saigon

Apr 29 Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.

  • Apr 29 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  • Apr 30 Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • Apr 4 Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
  • Apr 4 Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish cross-country skier
  • Apr 10 Floris, Prince of Netherlands
  • Apr 11 Walid Soliman, Tunisian author
  • Apr 14 Anderson Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • Apr 27 Rabih Abdullah, former National Football League player
  • Apr 29 BĂ©res Zoo, Hungarian radio DJ

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish draftsman/glass painter, dies at 95
  • Apr 5 Inez Courtney, dies at 67
  • Apr 5 Victor GM Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65), dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 6 Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), dies at 87

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Apr 10 Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
  • Apr 12 Josephine Baker, US/French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), dies at 68
  • Apr 13 N'garta Tombalbaye, president Chad, dies
  • Apr 15 Charles Marshall, dies
  • Apr 15 John B McKay, US test pilot (X-15), dies
  • Apr 17 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)
  • Apr 23 R D Brinkmann, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Jan A de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • Apr 29 Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • Apr 29 Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • Apr 29 William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam