April 1975 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • Apr 2 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • Apr 3 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • Apr 4 130 killed as USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes
  • Apr 4 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes
  • Apr 4 USAF transport carrying orphans from Saigon crashes killing 155

CommunicationFounding of Microsoft

Apr 4 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.

  • Apr 5 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • Apr 6 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colo
  • Apr 6 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
  • Apr 7 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries
  • Apr 9 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • Apr 12 Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved"
  • Apr 12 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland
  • Apr 13 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • Apr 13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • Apr 15 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • Apr 15 Gabon amends constitution
  • Apr 16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • Apr 17 Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea National Day)
  • Apr 19 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • Apr 20 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • Apr 23 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London
  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 25 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's free election since 1925

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • Apr 25 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Apr 25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Apr 26 Mário Soaress' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal
  • Apr 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 John Lennon appears on "Tonight" & Ringo Starr on "Smother Brothers"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • Apr 28 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • Apr 29 Ethiopia nationalizes all land

Victory in battleThe Fall of Saigon

Apr 29 Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.

  • Apr 29 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  • Apr 30 Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • Apr 4 Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
  • Apr 4 Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish cross-country skier
  • Apr 10 Floris, Prince of Netherlands
  • Apr 11 Walid Soliman, Tunisian author
  • Apr 14 Anderson Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • Apr 27 Rabih Abdullah, former National Football League player
  • Apr 29 Béres Zoo, Hungarian radio DJ

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish draftsman/glass painter, dies at 95
  • Apr 5 Inez Courtney, dies at 67
  • Apr 5 Victor GM Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65), dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 6 Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), dies at 87

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Apr 10 Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
  • Apr 12 Josephine Baker, US/French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), dies at 68
  • Apr 13 N'garta Tombalbaye, president Chad, dies
  • Apr 15 Charles Marshall, dies
  • Apr 15 John B McKay, US test pilot (X-15), dies
  • Apr 17 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)
  • Apr 23 R D Brinkmann, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Jan A de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • Apr 29 Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • Apr 29 Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • Apr 29 William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam