July 1985 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 2 Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • Jul 2 European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)
  • Jul 3 Tinker Bell's first nightly flight at Walt Disney World Resort, Florida

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwean elections

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • Jul 5 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min
  • Jul 9 South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • Jul 10 Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

Jul 10 French agents blow up Greenpeace boat Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbour, New Zealand

  • Jul 11 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • Jul 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 12 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • Jul 13 "Live Aid" concert held both at Wembley Stadium (London) and John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) raises over $70 million for African famine relief
  • Jul 14 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • Jul 14 Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
  • Jul 16 Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • Jul 18 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • Jul 19 Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • Jul 19 Dam in Fiemme Valley Italy bursts; 200-300 die
  • Jul 19 The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • Jul 20 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • Jul 20 The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • Jul 21 Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America
  • Jul 24 Gandhi signs peace contract with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai
  • Jul 24 French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior
  • Jul 25 Steve Cram runs world record mile (3:46.32)
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 25 Uganda suspends constitution following coup
  • Jul 28 Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru
  • Jul 28 L Brock, Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Hall of Fame
  • Jul 29 19th Space Shuttle Mission (51-F)-Challenger 8-launched
  • Jul 30 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • Jul 30 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss

Deaths in History

  • Jul 4 John de Quay, Dutch premier (1959-63), dies at 83
  • Jul 5 Gerard Schmook, Flemish literature historian/custodian, dies at 86
  • Jul 8 Gardner Cowles Jr, US publisher (Look Magazine), dies at 82
  • Jul 8 Simon Kuznets, US economist (Nobel 1971), dies at 84
  • Jul 9 Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • Jul 9 Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • Jul 10 Fernando Pereira, military activist, murdered
  • Jul 16 Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • Jul 18 Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
  • Jul 19 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer (b. 1938)
  • Jul 30 Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
  • Jul 31 Eugene Carson Blake, sec-gen World Council of Churches, dies at 78