2009 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 118

  • Jan 1 Slovakia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the sixteenth Eurozone country.
  • Jan 1 61 die in nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Jan 1 The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin.
  • Jan 3 Israeli ground forces invade Gaza.
  • Jan 6 Israel begins an assault on the Gaza Strip
  • Jan 8 A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit Costa Rica´s region of Volcan Poás, with an epicenter near Cinchona. It was caused by Varablanca-Angel fault.
  • Jan 13 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • Jan 15 US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing into the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York City. All passengers and crew members survive.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States' first African-American president

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Joe Biden assumes the office of the Vice President of the United States

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden
  • Jan 23 Dendermonde nursery attack occurred in Dendermonde, Belgium.
  • Jan 23 UK officially enters recession as GDP falls by 1.5% in the last quarter of 2008 following a 0.6% drop in the third quarter, with unemployment growing by 131,000 to 1.92 million (6.1%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Pope Benedict XVI rescinds the excommunications of four bishops consecrated without papal consent in 1988 by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre.

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • Jan 29 Rod Blagojevich, the Governor of Illinois, is removed from office after being convicted of corruption charges
  • Jan 31 In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.
  • Feb 1 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the first openly gay Head of Government in the modern world.
  • Feb 5 The United States Navy guided missile cruiser Port Royal runs aground off Oahu, Hawaii, damaging the ship as well as a coral reef.
  • Feb 5 59th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Milk of Sorrow" wins the Golden Bear
  • Feb 7 Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.
  • Feb 12 Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashes near Buffalo in the state of New York killing 50 people.
  • Feb 13 Unix time passed 1,234,567,890 seconds February 13, 2009 at exactly 23:31:30 (UTC).
  • Feb 13 The Dutch Statistics agency confirms the Netherlands are in recession
  • Feb 15 51st Daytona 500: Matt Kenseth wins (132.816 MPH)
  • Feb 18 The Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics announced that the Taiwanese economy has contracted an unprecedented 8.36% in the fourth quarter of 2008; thus placing the country in a technical recession
  • Feb 25 BDR massacre in Pilkhana, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 74 People are being killed, including more than 50 Army officials, by Bangladeshi Boarder Guards inside its headquarter.
  • Feb 27 Statistics Finland informs that Finland's gross domestic product diminished by 1.3% in the last quarter of 2008 from the previous quarter
  • Mar 3 The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.
  • Mar 4 International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, first sitting head of state to be indicted
  • Mar 4 U.S. Steel announce the closure of the Stelco Lake Erie Works in Nanticoke, Ontario due to the increasingly worsening effects of the global economic slowdown
  • Mar 4 Malaysia has a 50% chance of slipping into the recession as growth is expected to reach just 0.5% for the year, announces the executive director Datuk Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem of the Malaysian Institute of Economic Research
  • Mar 11 Winnenden school shooting - 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.
  • Mar 22 Mount Redoubt, a volcano in Alaska began erupting after a prolonged period of unrest.
  • Mar 27 Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.
  • Apr 1 Croatia and Albania joined NATO
  • Apr 3 Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Apr 5 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
  • Apr 6 A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing at least 253.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7 Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • Apr 12 U.S. Navy rescues captain Richard Phillips, killing three pirates and capturing a fourth.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian National Authority makes a courtesy phone call to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, restarting the Palestinian-Israeli dialogue

Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
  • Apr 15 Even though official government sources state that Argentina's GDP will actually grow this year, private consulting firms state that Argentine economy has actually been in recession since October 2008
  • Apr 23 Gamma ray burst (GRB) 090423 is observed for 10 seconds, the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe
  • Apr 30 Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • Apr 30 Failed attack on the Dutch Royal Family results in 7 deaths and 17 injured.
  • Apr 30 The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.
  • May 1 Same-sex marriage is legalized in Sweden.
  • May 1 Carol Ann Duffy is appointed British Poet Laureate - first Scot and woman Laureate
  • May 11 An American soldier in Iraq opened fire on a counseling center at Camp Liberty in Bagdhad, leaving 5 other US soldiers dead and 3 soldiers wounded.
  • May 15 The French Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies announce that French gross domestic product shrank 1.2% in the first quarter of 2009 after falling by 1.5% in the final quarter of 2008; the French economy had avoided narrowly a recession in 2008
  • May 15 Eurostat report that Austria, Belgium, and Romania have all entered recession in the first quarter of 2009
  • May 18 Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE are defeated by the Sri Lankan government, ending almost 26 years of fighting between the two sides.
  • May 19 Sri Lanka announces victory in its 27 year war against the terrorist organisation, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
  • May 20 Mexico is the first Latin American country to officially enter recession
  • May 25 North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests bulding tensions in the international community.
  • May 25 Thailand’s economy shrank more than expected in the first quarter of 2009, contracting the most in a decade and plunging the nation into recession
  • May 27 South Africa enters the global recession; the first recession for South Africa in 17 years
  • Jun 1 Air France Flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Brazil on a flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris. All 228 passengers and crew were killed.
  • Jun 1 General Motors files for chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.
  • Jun 2 Switzerland officially enters the global recession
  • Jun 5 Chileo officially enters recession; it is the first South American country to enter the global recession
  • Jun 9 Brazil officially enters recession
  • Jun 11 A Texas mother was hit by lightning while standing in her kitchen inside her Texas home. Witnesses say the lightning came through a light fixture and struck her chest and exited her foot. Her 9-year-old son franticly called 9-1-1 to save her life. She had to spend three days in the hospital.
  • Jun 11 Bulgarian authorities declare the country is officially in recession after dropping 1.6% in the last quarter of 2008
  • Jun 12 Protests in Iran following the presidential election.
  • Jun 22 2009 Washington Metro subway crash: Two Metro trains collide in Washington, D.C., USA, killing 9 and injuring over 80.
  • Jun 25 Colombia enters into recession after witnessing 0.7% contraction in the last quarter of 2008 and 0.6% in the following quarter
  • Jun 30 Yemenia Flight 626 crashes off the coast of Moroni, Comoros killing 152 people and leaving 1 survivor
  • Jun 30 Turkey records its fastest contraction of 13.8% in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 2008, leading the country into recession; this is Turkey's biggest economic slump since 1945
  • Jul 3 Mark II.5 Skytrain cars enter service in Metro Vancouver.
  • Jul 4 The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after 8 years, due to security reasons following the World Trade Center attacks.
  • Jul 5 Ethnic rioting broke out in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China
  • Jul 6 Jadranka Kosor became first female prime minister of Croatia.
  • Jul 14 Singapore experiences a seasonally adjusted and annualised growth of 20.4% in the second quarter as a result of increased pharmaceuticals production and construction, bringing the country out of the recession
  • Jul 15 A 7.9 Magnitude earthquake registers 160km west of Invercargill, New Zealand, creating a small tsunami.
  • Jul 17 Jakarta double bombings at the JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton Hotels killed 9 people including 4 foreigners.
  • Jul 18 Five members of one family are found murdered at Epping, New South Wales.

Sport awardSports Awards

Jul 19 17th ESPY Awards: Michael Phelps, Nastia Liukin win

  • Jul 23 The Bank of Canada announces the end of the recession even though it remains nascent and still dependent on government stimulus money
  • Jul 30 A bomb explodes in Palma Nova, Mallorca, killing 2 police officers. Basque separatist group ETA is believed to be responsible.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Aug 4 Kim Jong-il meets former president Bill Clinton. He pardons and releases captured American journalists Euna Lee and Laura Ling who were found guilty of entering the country illegally.

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • Aug 15 Portugal leaves recession after three consecutive quarters of negative growth having its GDP recover by 0.3% in the second quarter of 2009
  • Aug 19 A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others
  • Aug 24 Thailand's GDP grew 2.3% in 2009's second quarter, technically leaving the recession
  • Sep 5 Denmark celebrates the first national flagday, in memory of the fallen Danes in international operations since 1948.
  • Sep 9 Cyprus enters recession after 0.6% contraction in the first quarter, followed by 0.4% in the second quarter
  • Sep 11 The Brazilian economy technically leaves the recession when GDP grew 1.9% in the second quarter of 2009 after having fallen in the first quarter of 2009 and last quarter of 2008
  • Sep 11 Sweden emerges from the recession after witnessing GDP growth of 0.2% in the second quarter
  • Sep 12 The 9-12 Project organized multiple marches and demonstrations across the USA to protest government spending.
  • Sep 21 Macedonia officially enters the recession after experiencing a drop in GDP of 0.9% in the first quarter, followed by 1.4% in the second quarter
  • Sep 26 Typhoon Ketsana (2009) hit the Philippines, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, causing 700 fatalities.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 27 German Federal elections return Angela Merkel for her second term as Chancellor at head of centre-right coalition government

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • Sep 28 The military junta leading Guinea, headed by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, sexually assaulted, killed and wounded protesters during a protest rally in a stadium called Stade du 28 Septembre.
  • Sep 29 An 8.0 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands causes a tsunami .
  • Oct 2 The economic crisis in Ireland is considered to be the driving force behind the largest migration of Irish people to London in 20 years, it is reported today
  • Oct 4 George Papandreou's Panhellenic Socialist Movement defeats Greece's governing New Democracy party in an electoral landslide.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 A digital version of psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung's 'Red Book' is published 48 years after his death and contains personal notes on his subconscious during the period in which he developed his principal theories

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Carl Jung
  • Oct 9 First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program
  • Oct 10 After closed borders for nearly two hundred years, Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich to open their borders
  • Oct 23 The United Nations "Rotterdam Rules" convention regulating international maritime carriage of goods is ratified with its twentieth signature.
  • Oct 23 The UK markets had contracted by 0.4% in the third quarter against what was expected to be a period of growth, as a result of unexpectedly poor performance by the service sector

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 26 Suleman octuplets born to Nadya Suleman in Bellflower, California - longest ever octuplet survival
  • Nov 19 Prince Gaston d'Orléans

Weddings in History

  • Mar 21 British songbird who soared to the top of the charts with her hit "Unwritten" Natasha Bedingfield (27) weds California businessman Matthew Robinson at Church Estate Vineyard's in Malibu, California
  • May 15 Former Bachelorette star Jen Schefft (32) weds Chicago's public relations executive Joe Waterman (35) at the Private Dining Rooms of Spiaggia in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 6 "Survivor: Gabon" castaway Matty Whitmore weds Jamie Mass at Malibou Lake Mountain Club in Malibu
  • Oct 25 Socialite Ivanka Trump (27) weds New York Observer owner Jared Kushner (28) at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey

Deaths in History

Deaths 1 - 100 of 173

  • Jan 1 Claiborne Pell, U.S. senator (b. 1918)
  • Jan 1 Nizar Rayan, Hamas leader (b. 1962)
  • Jan 2 Maria de Jesus, Portuguese supercentenarian (b. 1893)
  • Jan 3 Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1937)
  • Jan 3 Hisayasu Nagata, Japanese politician (b. 1969)
  • Jan 6 Ron Asheton, The Stooges guitarrist (b. 1948)
  • Jan 8 Richard John Neuhaus, Canadian-American Christian writer and editor (b. 1936)
  • Jan 9 T. Llew Jones, Welsh author (b. 1915)
  • Jan 10 William Frederick "Bill" Stone, British World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • Jan 12 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher (b. 1912)
  • Jan 13 Doña Mary Ejercito, Filipino supercentarian, mother of Joseph Ejercito Estrada (b. 1905)
  • Jan 13 Nancy Bird Walton, Australian aviator (b. 1915)
  • Jan 13 William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet under the pseudonym S. S. Gardons (b. 1926)
  • Jan 14 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin (b. 1937)
  • Jan 16 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (b. 1917)
  • Jan 17 Anders Isaksson, Swedish journalist, writer, and historian (b. 1943)
  • Jan 18 Grigore Vieru, Romanian poet (b. 1935)
  • Jan 20 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • Jan 20 Stan Hagen, Canadian politician (b. 1940)
  • Jan 20 Sheila O'Nions Walsh (aka Sheila Walsh, Sophie Leyton), English romance writer (b. 1928)
  • Jan 23 Robert W. Scott, American politician, governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
  • Jan 24 Kay Yow, North Carolina State Univ. women's basketball head coach (b. 1942)
  • Jan 27 John Updike, American Novelist (b. 1932)
  • Jan 27 R. Venkataraman, 8th President of India (b. 1910)
  • Jan 29 Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)
  • Jan 29 Alfred Mabbs, British Archivist (Public Records Office), dies at 87
  • Feb 3 Sheng-yen, Buddhist monk and founder of Dharma Drum Mountain. (b. 1930)
  • Feb 8 Marian Cozma, Romanian handball player (b. 1982)
  • Feb 9 Eluana Englaro, an Italian woman who lived in a persistent vegetative state for 17 years (b. 1970)
  • Feb 11 Willem J Kolff, Dutch-American Physician and Biomedical Engineer (artificial kidney, hemodialysis), dies at 97
  • Feb 14 Bernard Ashley, English businessperson, fashion designer and co-founder of Laura Ashley, dies of cancer at 82
  • Feb 15 Dr. Diether H. Haenicke, university president (b. 1935)
  • Feb 16 Stephen Cardinal Kim Sou-hwan, Korean Cardinal, Protopriest of the Holy Roman Church (b. 1921)
  • Feb 17 Conchita Cintrón, Chilean bullfighter (b. 1922)
  • Feb 18 Al-Tayyib Salih, Sudanese novelist and columnist (b. 1929)
  • Feb 25 Ivan Cameron, son of David Cameron UK politician
  • Feb 25 Philip José Farmer, American science fiction writer (Riverworld) dies aged 91

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 28 Paul Harvey, American radio broadcaster, dies at 90

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • Mar 2 João Bernardo "Nino" Vieira, President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1939)
  • Mar 4 Patricia De Martelaere, Flemish writer (b. 1957)
  • Mar 4 Triztán Vindtorn, Norwegian poet and performance artist (b. 1942)
  • Mar 6 Francis Magalona, Filipino media artist and photographer. (b. 1964)
  • Mar 6 Susan Tsvangirai, wife of Morgan Tsvangirai (b. 1959)
  • Mar 8 Ali Bongo, President of the Magic Circle (b.1929)
  • Mar 8 Zbigniew Religa, Minister of Health of the Republic of Poland (b. 1938)
  • Mar 11 Charles Lewis, Jr., American businessman, promoter and entertainer
  • Mar 13 James Purdy, American author, dies at 94
  • Mar 14 Altovise Davis, American entertainer, best known as Sammy Davis, Jr.'s third wife. (b. 1943)
  • Mar 25 Kosuke Koyama, Japanese theologian (b. 1929)
  • Mar 27 Jack Dreyfus, American businessman (b. 1913)
  • Mar 29 Vladimir Fedotov, Soviet football striker and manager (b.1943)
  • Mar 31 Jarl Alfredius, Swedish news anchor (b. 1943)
  • Mar 31 Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinean ex president (b. 1927)
  • Apr 7 Dave Arneson, Co-creator of Dungeons & Dragons (b. 1947)
  • Apr 10 Deborah Digges, American poet (b. 1950)
  • Apr 11 Corín Tellado, Spanish romance novelist (b. 1927)
  • Apr 17 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, American artist (Tribute to the American Working People) dies aged 88
  • Apr 19 J.G. Ballard, British novelist. (b. 1930)
  • Apr 24 John Michell, British writer, (b. 1933)
  • Apr 25 John Marchi, American politician (b. 1921)
  • Apr 28 Ekaterina Maximova, Russian ballerina (b. 1939)
  • May 1 Danny Gans, Canadian-born Las Vegas entertainer (b. 1956)
  • May 2 Jack Kemp, former United States Congressman and 1996 Vice Presidential Candidate (b. 1935)
  • May 3 Ram Shewalkar, Indian Marathi writer, cardiac arrest.(b.1931)
  • May 7 David Mellor, English cutlery designer (b. 1930)
  • May 8 Bud Shrake, American writer (b. 1931)
  • May 13 Rabbi Meir Brandsdorfer, member of the Rabbinical Court of the Edah HaChareidis, Jerusalem
  • May 17 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet, dies from respiratory and intestinal problems at 88
  • May 18 Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1954)
  • May 19 Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1916)
  • May 19 Herbert York, American physicist (b. 1921)
  • May 20 Arthur Erickson, Canadian architect (b.1924)
  • May 23 Roh Moo-hyun, 16th President of the Republic of Korea (b. 1946)
  • May 25 Haakon Lie, Norwegian politician (b. 1905)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 27 Clive Granger, Swansea, Wales, Welsh-born British economist, dies at 74

Economist Clive Granger
Clive Granger
  • May 30 Torsten Andersson, Swedish painter (b. 1926)
  • May 31 Millvina Dean, last living survivor of the RMS Titanic disaster died. (b. 1912)
  • May 31 George Tiller, American abortion doctor (b. 1941)
  • May 31 Danny La Rue, British entertainer (b. 1927)
  • Jun 2 David Eddings, American fantasy writer. (b. 1931)
  • Jun 5 Boris Pokrovsky, Russian operatic stage director (b. 1912)
  • Jun 8 Omar Bongo, President of Gabon (b. 1935)
  • Jun 13 Fathi Yakan, Lebanese leader and Muslim cleric (b. 1933)
  • Jun 14 Bob Bogle, founding member of The Ventures
  • Jun 17 Darrell Powers, American World War II veteran of the United States 101st Airborne Division. (b. 1923)
  • Jun 17 Ralf Dahrendorf, German-born sociologist and politician (b. 1929)
  • Jun 19 Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese supercentenarian (b. 1895)
  • Jun 24 Ed Thomas, well-known high school football coach from Iowa (b. 1951)
  • Jun 24 Roméo LeBlanc, 25th Governor General of Canada (b. 1927)
  • Jun 28 Billy Mays, American television pitchman (b. 1958)
  • Jun 30 Pina Bausch, German choreographer (b. 1940)
  • Jul 1 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer (b. 1917)
  • Jul 1 Marwa El-Sherbini, Egyptian housewife (b. 1977 or 1976)
  • Jul 3 John A. Keel, American Fortean, television scriptwriter, author of The Mothman Prophecies (b. 1930)
  • Jul 4 Allen Klein, American record label executive (b. 1931)
  • Jul 4 Lasse Strömstedt, Swedish writer (b. 1935)
  • Jul 4 Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard, Congolese politician (b.1938)
  • Jul 6 Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1916)
  • Jul 6 Leo Mol, Ukrainian Canadian artist and sculptor (b. 1915)
  • Jul 6 Vasily Aksyonov, Russian writer (b. 1932)