October 2012 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 3 NATO soldiers and 16 Afghan police are killed by a suicide bombing in Khost, Afghanistan
  • Oct 1 36 people are killed in a ferry collision in Hong Kong
  • Oct 1 California becomes the first US state to ban conversion therapy for minors
  • Oct 2 20 students are gunned down in Mubi, Nigeria
  • Oct 2 10 people are killed after a minibus and truck collide in Ilocos Norte, Philippines
  • Oct 3 34 people are killed by a series of bombings in Aleppo, Syria
  • Oct 4 Turkey’s parliament approves cross-border military operations in Syria
  • Oct 4 19 people are killed after being buried by a landslide in Yunnan, China
  • Oct 4 Jordan’s King Abdullah dissolves parliament in preparation for new elections
  • Oct 5 Anglo Platinum Limited fires 12,000 striking workers in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Paolo Gabriele, Pope Benedict XVI's butler, is found guilty of leaking confidential documents and is sentenced to 18 months imprisonment

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • Oct 6 The Leeds Rhinos defeat the Warrington Wolves 26-18 to win the 2012 Super League grand final
  • Oct 7 13 people are killed after a Sudanese military aeroplane crashes near Khartoum
  • Oct 7 Sébastien Loeb wins the World Rally Championship for the ninth consecutive year
  • Oct 8 35 people are killed by a Nigerian military bomb struck a convoy in Maiduguri

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 8 Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • Oct 8 Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, the first elected Libyan Prime Minister, is voted out of office by the Libyan parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Physician
Shinya Yamanaka

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 25,000 people in Athens protest against German Chancellor Angela Merkel

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • Oct 9 Serge Haroche and David Wineland win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on quantum optics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 Women's rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai is shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she tried to board her school bus in Swat district of northwest Pakistan

Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai
Human Rights Activist
Malala Yousafzai

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 10 Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on G protein-coupled receptors

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka
  • Oct 11 A further 83 people are killed throughout Syria by the Syrian army
  • Oct 11 A US appeal court overturns a district court ruling banning the sale of Samsung

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Mo Yan, a hallucinatory realist writer, wins the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature

Novelist Mo Yan
Novelist
Mo Yan
  • Oct 12 The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves of an African-led force to oust Islamist militants in northern Mali
  • Oct 12 The European Union wins the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize, sparking a series of critical commentary
  • Oct 13 15 people are killed by a market suicide bombing in Darra Adam Khel, Pakistan
  • Oct 13 Gerhard Richter's Abstraktes Bild sells for $34 million, the highest sold artwork by a living artist
  • Oct 14 20 people are gunned down in a mosque in Dogo Dawa, Nigeria
  • Oct 15 Hilary Mantel wins the 2012 Man Booker Prize for her novel "Bring Up the Bodies"
  • Oct 16 Conflict in Maiduguri, Nigeria, leads to 24 militant deaths and several structures set ablaze
  • Oct 17 Exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb discovered orbiting Alpha Centauri announced (later thought to be a false finding)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Lance Armstrong loses a host of endorsements in the wake of his doping scandal

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
  • Oct 17 Tens of thousands protest against austerity measures in Greece
  • Oct 18 Syrian military airstrikes kill 40 people in Maaret al-Numan
  • Oct 18 Google stock trading suspended after premature release of a quarterly report indicating a 20% drop in profits and a 9% fall in share price
  • Oct 19 8 people are killed and 78 injured by a car bomb in Beirut, Lebanon
  • Oct 22 6 Italian scientists are convicted of manslaughter for their failure to predict the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake
  • Oct 22 Hurricane Sandy forms in the Western Caribbean Sea
  • Oct 23 12 people are killed and 40 are injured in a hospital fire in Tainan, Taiwan
  • Oct 24 Libyan militias capture Bani Walid resulting in 130 civilian deaths
  • Oct 24 3 people are shot dead and two critically wounded after being shot by an unknown gunman in Downey, California
  • Oct 24 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in Jamaica killing 1 person and causing over $50 million in damage
  • Oct 25 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in Cuba and Haiti killing 65 people and causing over $80 million in damage
  • Oct 26 64 people are killed in West Burma after continued sectarian clashes
  • Oct 26 41 people are killed and 50 injured by a suicide bombing of a mosque in Maymana, Afghanistan
  • Oct 26 China blocks the New York Times from searches and social media in response to an investigation into Premier Wen Jiabao
  • Oct 26 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in the Bahamas killing 2 people and causing over $300 million in damage
  • Oct 27 46 people are killed and 123 injured in Iraq after a series of attacks and bombs
  • Oct 27 Thousands demonstrate in Madrid against proposed budget cuts
  • Oct 28 Syrian ceasefire collapses and 128 people are killed in ongoing civil war violence
  • Oct 28 15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • Oct 29 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in New Jersey resulting in 110 deaths and $50 billion in damage and forces the New York stock exchange to close
  • Oct 29 Publishing companies Penguin and Random House merge to form the world's largest publisher
  • Oct 31 The New York stock exchange opens after being closed for two days after Hurricane Sandy

Weddings in History

  • Oct 7 Media personality Jack Osbourne (26) weds Lisa Stelly on the Big Island of Hawaii
  • Oct 19 Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg Prince Guillaume (30) weds Countess of Belgium Stephanie de Lannoy (28) in a civil ceremony at the Hotel De Ville in Luxembourg
  • Oct 28 Bristol Palin's former fiance Levi Johnston (21) weds Sunny Oglesby (20) at Settlers Bay Lodge in Wasilla, Alaska

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Eric J. Hobsbawm, British Marxist historian, dies from pneumonia at 95
  • Oct 5 Keith H.S. Campbell, British biologist, dies at 58
  • Oct 6 Chadli Bendjedid, Algerian president, dies from cancer at 83
  • Oct 9 Harris Savides, American cinematographer., dies from brain cancer at 55
  • Oct 10 Kyaw Zaw, Burmese politician and soldier, dies at 92

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia, dies from a heart attack at 89

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk
  • Oct 17 Stanford Robert Ovshinsky, American inventor and scientist, dies from prostate cancer at 89
  • Oct 21 George McGovern, US Politician, dies at 90
  • Oct 21 Yash Chopra, Indian director, dies from dengue fever and multiple organ failure at 80
  • Oct 22 Russell Means, Native American activist, dies from esophageal cancer at 72
  • Oct 22 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, dies at 89
  • Oct 25 Jacques Barzun, French author, dies at 104
  • Oct 28 Jack Dellal, British property investor/multi-millionaire, dies from natural causes at 83