October 2015 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 A gunman kills 8 students and a teacher at Umpqua Community College in Roseburg, Oregon
  • Oct 1 Mudslide on the outskirts of Guatemala City leaves at least 131 dead and 300 missing
  • Oct 1 Cargo ship El Faro goes missing with 33 crew during Hurricane Joaquin near the Bahamas
  • Oct 3 US airstrike hits Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz, Afghanistan, killing around 19
  • Oct 3 Flash floods on the French Riviera kill at least 19 people
  • Oct 5 Nobel prize for Medicine awarded to William C Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura (Roundworm) and Youyou Tu (Maleria)
  • Oct 5 Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement announced by trade ministers of 12 countries in Atlanta
  • Oct 5 Floods in South Carolina a "1,000-year storm" result in 12 deaths and 9 dams to fail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Governor Jerry Brown of California signs a bill giving terminally ill patients the "right to die"

Governor of California Jerry Brown
Governor of California
Jerry Brown
  • Oct 6 Nobel prize for Physics awarded to Takaaki Kajita (Japan) and Arthur McDonald (Canada) for work on neutrinos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 US President Barack Obama apologises to Doctors without Borders President and the President of Afghanistan for the bombing of a hospital in Kunduz

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • Oct 7 Nobel prize in Chemistry awarded to Tomas Lindahl (Sweden), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (Turkey) for work on cells DNA repair
  • Oct 8 Nobel prize for Literature awarded to Belarusian journalist and author Svetlana Alexievich
  • Oct 9 The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Oct 10 Bombing at a peace rally in Ankara, Turkey kills at least 95, injures 200
  • Oct 11 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister
  • Oct 13 Marlon James becomes first Jamaican to win the Man Booker Prize for his novel "A Brief History of Seven Killings"
  • Oct 19 US scientists from University of California find evidence life on earth may have begun 4.1 billion years ago, 300 million earlier than previously thought

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 19 Canadian federal elections: Justin Trudeau's Liberal Party win a majority with 184 seats

Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Justin Trudeau
  • Oct 20 Migrants arriving in Greece top 500,00 for the year, according to the UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US Vice President Joe Biden confirms he will not run for President

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 German Chancellor Angela Merkel says German view of Holocaust will not change, after Benjamin Netanyahu says idea came from Mufti of Jerusalem

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
  • Oct 24 Even results in Argentine Presidential Election between Daniel Scioli and Mauricio Macrieven trigger 1st ever Presidential run off 22 Nov
  • Oct 26 World Health Organization classifies processed meat as carcinogenic
  • Oct 26 7.5 magnitude earthquake hits northern Pakistan and Afghanistan killing over 300
  • Oct 28 World Heath Organization ranks Tuberculosis alongside HIV as world's deadliest infectious diseases, killing 1.2 million (2014)
  • Oct 28 Research indicating Plague dates back to the Bronze age in skeletons 5,783 years old, published by University of Copenhagen team in "Cell"
  • Oct 29 Murphy Anderson, American comic artist (DC Comics), dies at 89
  • Oct 29 China announces the end of their one-child policy after 35 years
  • Oct 29 Paul Ryan (R-Wisconsin) is elected Speaker of the US House of Representatives, succeeding John Boehner (R-Ohio)
  • Oct 31 Ruby World Cup Final: New Zealand's All Blacks defeat Australia's Wallabies 34-17 at Twickenham in London
  • Oct 31 Russian airliner crashes killing all 224 on board in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt - Russia's worst air disaster
  • Oct 31 Breeders Cup Classic: American Pharoah ridden by Victor Espinoza wins at Keeneland

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Don Edwards, American politician and civil rights champion (Rep-D-CA, 1963-94), dies at 100
  • Oct 2 Brian Friel, Irish dramatist "Irish Chekhov" (Dancing at Lughnasa), dies at 86
  • Oct 3 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), dies at 98
  • Oct 5 Henning Mankell, Swedish playwright and author (Wallander novels), dies of cancer at 67
  • Oct 6 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), dies at 93
  • Oct 8 Paul Prudhomme, American cajun chef (K-Paul), dies at 75
  • Oct 9 Geoffrey Howe, British politician (Chancellor and Foreign Secretary under Thatcher), dies at 88
  • Oct 9 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), dies at 84
  • Oct 10 Hilla Becher (née Wobeser), German artist, worked collaboratively with husband Bernd Becher, dies at 81
  • Oct 12 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), dies at 97
  • Oct 14 Mathieu Kérékou, Dictator and President of Benin (1973-91, 1996-2006), dies at 82
  • Oct 25 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, dies of cancer at 71
  • Oct 31 Gus Savage, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1981- 93), dies at 90