On This Day in History for April 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 139

  • 837 Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth
  • 847 St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 879 Louis III becomes King of West Francia.
  • 1407 Lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing and is awarded the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1500 France captures duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1516 1st Jewish ghetto established: Venice compels Jews to live in a specific area
  • 1552 Henri II of France occupies Metz
  • 1589 Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
  • 1656 Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
  • 1694 Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
  • 1710 The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.
  • 1741 War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
  • 1790 US Patent system forms
  • 1815 Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • 1816 2nd Bank of US chartered
  • 1821 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
  • 1825 1st hotel in Hawaii opens
  • 1825 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon
  • 1826 The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1827 George Canning becomes British Prime Minister upon the resignation of Robert Jenkinson, lives to serve only 119 days

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1841 New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
  • 1845 More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
  • 1849 Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400
  • 1856 The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University.
  • 1858 "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster
  • 1863 Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1866 American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 1868 1st performance of John Brahms' "A German Requiem"
  • 1868 British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • 1869 Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • 1869 José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • 1871 William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
  • 1872 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • 1872 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22
  • 1877 1st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 1877 Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
  • 1878 California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
  • 1882 Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • 1884 US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Ilinois

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1912 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
  • 1913 During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • 1917 Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers
  • 1919 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1925 Tsaritsyn re-named Stalingrad (now Volgograd)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Scribners publishes "The Great Gatsby" by F Scott Fitzgerald

  • 1930 George Headley scores 223 v England at Kingston
  • 1930 Thiokol synthetic rubber 1st produced in Yardley, New Jersey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1932 Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in a runoff election against Adolf Hitler

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1936 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
  • 1938 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
  • 1938 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • 1938 NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
  • 1939 Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews
  • 1939 Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
  • 1940 Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian "national government"
  • 1941 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
  • 1942 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • 1943 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape nazis
  • 1943 General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia
  • 1944 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • 1944 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • 1945 Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech)
  • 1945 Canadian troops conquer Deventer
  • 1945 General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
  • 1945 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • 1945 US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
  • 1945 William Schuman & Antony Tudors ballet premieres in NYC
  • 1946 1st election for Japanese Diet
  • 1947 King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned
  • 1948 Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
  • 1953 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1955 Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
  • 1957 John Osborne's "Entertainer" premieres in London
  • 1957 Jordanian government of Naboelsi resigns
  • 1957 Suez canal reopens for all traffic
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco
  • 1960 Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill
  • 1961 Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel
  • 1961 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to JFK about New Guinea
  • 1963 USS Thresher, a nuclear powered submarine, sinks 220 miles east of Boston
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Demolition begins on Polo Grounds to clear way for housing project
  • 1964 Iranian motor launch catches fire & sinks killing 113 (Persian Gulf)
  • 1968 Ferry Wahine sinks in Wellington harbour, New Zealand on route from Lyttelton (51 killed)
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 First game played at Philadelphia's Veteran's Stadium, Phils win 4-1
  • 1971 The Republican commemorations is held in Belfast of the Easter Rising (in 1916 in Dublin), revealing conflicts between the two wings of the Irish Republican Army
  • 1972 7.0 earthquake kills 1/5 of population of Iranian province of Fars
  • 1972 US, USSR & 70 other nations agree to ban biological weapons
  • 1972 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.
  • 1972 Two British soldiers are killed in a bomb attack in Derry
  • 1973 BEA flight to Basel Switz, crashes on landing, killing 104 of 143
  • 1973 KC opens its new park, Royals Stadium, with 12-1 rout of Rangers

Birthdays in History

  • 401 Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor
  • 1512 James V, King of Scots (1513-42)
  • 1569 Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon
  • 1583 Hugo Grotius, Holland, jurist, father of international law
  • 1651 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)
  • 1656 René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (d. 1718)
  • 1695 Balthazar Huydecoper, Dutch translator/historian
  • 1704 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1713 John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
  • 1755 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy
  • 1762 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
  • 1778 William Hazlitt, Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic
  • 1783 Hortense E de Beauharnais, French queen of Netherlands (1806-10)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1794 Matthew C. Perry, Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1858)

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1796 James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (d. 1836)
  • 1797 Claude Ambroise Seurat, Troyes France, (World's skinniest man)
  • 1806 Leonidas Polk, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1823 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1827 Lewis Wallace, Major General (Union volunteers)/author (Ben Hur)
  • 1829 William Booth, founder (Salvation Army)
  • 1833 David McMurtrie Gregg, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833 James Edward Rains, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1837 Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
  • 1847 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungary, publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World)
  • 1857 Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker
  • 1864 Tully Marshall, Nevada City CA
  • 1865 Jack Miner, Canadian conservationist (d. 1944)
  • 1867 George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
  • 1877 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • 1880 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
  • 1880 Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
  • 1880 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), born in Dehra Dun, British India (d. 1933)
  • 1882 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • 1887 Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
  • 1892 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)
  • 1894 Ben Nicholson, English painter/sculptor (Circle)
  • 1894 Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
  • 1903 Clare Boothe Luce, US ambassador (to Vatican)
  • 1905 Jan H van Roijen, diplomat/Netherland foreign minister
  • 1906 Kathleen Major, principal (St Hilda's College, England)
  • 1908 Aidan Crawley, CEO (London Weekend TV)
  • 1910 David Gilroy Bevan, politician
  • 1910 Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Maurice Schumann, French statesman/writer (La Voix du couvre-feu)
  • 1912 Roy Hofheinz, engineer (Houston Astrodome)
  • 1913 Stefan Heym, German/US author (Crusaders, Family Benda)
  • 1915 Leo Vroman, Dutch/US poet/biologist, (d. 2014)
  • 1917 Robert Burns Woodward, organic chemist (Nobel 1965)
  • 1921 Peter Herbert Penwarden, priest
  • 1924 Kenneth Noland, American painter
  • 1926 Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (National Welfare Rights Association)
  • 1927 Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 Lord Morton, of Shauna, senator (College of Justice, Scotland)
  • 1931 Marcel van Maele, Belgian poet
  • 1932 Adrian Henri, poet/president (Liverpool Academy of Arts)
  • 1933 Robert Rhodes James, historian (Gallipoli)
  • 1934 David Halberstam, intl correspondent (NY Times/Pulitzer 1964)
  • 1935 Patrick Garland, director (Doll House), (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Michael Naylor, English insurance broker (Endsleigh Insurance), born in Croydon (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet
  • 1939 Daniel Oliver, American CEO (Federal Trade Commission), born in NYC, New York
  • 1941 Paul Theroux, American travel book writer (Mosquito Coast)
  • 1942 Nick Auf der Maur, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1948 Thomas Spencer, MEP (Conservative)
  • 1950 Barry M. Riemer, American author
  • 1951 Mark Roth, bowler (4-time PBA Player of Year)
  • 1951 David Helvarg, American journalist and environmental activist
  • 1957 John M. Ford, American science fiction author and poet (d. 2006)
  • 1958 Bob Bell, British engineer
  • 1959 Yvan Loubier, Quebec politician
  • 1961 Joe Cole (roadie), American roadie (d. 1991)
  • 1963 Doris Leuthard, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1973 Christopher Simmons, American designer
  • 1974 Eric Greitens, American former military officer
  • 1975 Floris, Prince of Netherlands
  • 1979 Tsuyoshi Domoto, Japanese artist
  • 1979 Rachel Corrie, American activist (d. 2003)
  • 1984 Zoe, 1st frozen-embryo child, born in Melbourne Australia
  • 2007 Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Dutch Princess

Weddings in History

  • 1848 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

HeartWedding of Interest

1902 Physicist Robert A. Millikan (34) weds Greta Blanchard

HeartWedding of Interest

1935 Nazi politician Hermann Goering (42) weds Emmy Sonnemann (42) in Berlin

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

HeartWedding of Interest

1951 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (68) weds nurse Alyce Chester

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser
  • 1959 Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda

Deaths in History

  • 879 Louis II the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (877-79)
  • 947 Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies
  • 1008 Notger, bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies
  • 1362 Machteld, countess of Holland, dies
  • 1533 Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway (1523-33), dies at 61
  • 1585 Gregory XIII, [Ugo Buoncampagni], Italian Pope (1572-85), dies at 83
  • 1599 Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
  • 1601 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
  • 1619 Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
  • 1640 Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
  • 1646 Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
  • 1704 William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • 1706 Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1712 Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1760 Gerard George Clifford, head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75
  • 1760 Jean Lebeuf, French historian (b. 1687)
  • 1784 Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71
  • 1786 John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
  • 1813 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)
  • 1823 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
  • 1825 Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
  • 1848 Godert AGP baron van Capellen, gove-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
  • 1862 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, US lawyer/brig-general, dies at 40
  • 1863 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • 1885 John H Scholten, theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
  • 1909 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet, dies at 72
  • 1919 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican leader, murdered at 39
  • 1920 Moritz B Cantor, German mathematician, dies at 90
  • 1920 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • 1929 Edmond Thieffry, Belgium, WW I pilot, dies at 36
  • 1931 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1932 Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (& sabots), dies at 56
  • 1938 Nana Annor Adjaye, Pan-Africanist, dies in W Nzima Ghana
  • 1939 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75
  • 1945 Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • 1945 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • 1954 Auguste Lumière, French photograph/movie pioneer, dies at 81
  • 1954 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79
  • 1955 Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
  • 1962 Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
  • 1966 Christian J Modeste, Dutch king of gypsies, dies at 71
  • 1966 Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62
  • 1968 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
  • 1969 Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)
  • 1970 Charles Paton, dies at 96
  • 1974 Patricia Collinge, dies at 81
  • 1974 Roger Bastide, French sociologist, dies at 76
  • 1975 Walker Evans, US photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
  • 1983 Issam Sartawi, PLO ambassador to Portugal, murdered
  • 1986 Joseph P Addabbo, US defence specialist/(Sen-D), dies at 61
  • 1989 Joan Barry, dies at 85
  • 1992 Ken Ward, dies at 37
  • 1993 Chris Hani, sec-gen South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50
  • 1994 Victor Afanasiev, Rus editor-in-chief of Pravda (1976-89), dies at 71
  • 1994 Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 1995 Chen Yun, VPM of China (1949-75, 79-80), dies
  • 1995 Glyn Jones, writer, dies at 90
  • 1995 Gunter Guillaume, German politician, dies
  • 1995 Morarji Desai, PM of India (1977-79), dies
  • 1995 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer, dies at 85
  • 1996 Jessica Dubroff, attempting to be youngest pilot, dies in crash at 7
  • 1999 Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 2005 Iakovos, Archbishop of America (b. 1911)
  • 2009 Deborah Digges, American poet (b. 1950)
  • 2010 Ryszard Kaczorowski, Polish statesman is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 90
  • 2010 Maria Kaczyńska, Polish economist and First Lady of Poland, is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 67
  • 2010 Lech Kaczyński, Polish lawyer and politician, then President of Poland is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 60
  • 2012 Raymond Aubrac, French Resistance Leader, dies at 97
  • 2013 Robert Edwards, British physiologist, IVF pioneer, and Nobel laureate, dies at 87
  • 2014 Jim Flaherty, Canadian politician, Minister of Finance (2006-2014), dies at 64
  • 2016 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), dies at 70