On This Day in History for April 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 145

  • 491 Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.
  • 672 Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1079 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.
  • 1471 Wars of the Roses: King Edward IV of England siezed London from Henry VI
  • 1512 Battle of Ravenna: French forces under Gaston de Foix defeat Holy League in a major battle of the Italian Wars
  • 1551 English premier John Dudley appointed Duke of Northumberland
  • 1564 England & France sign Peace of Troyes
  • 1564 Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns
  • 1567 Dutch prince William of Orange flees from Antwerp to Breda
  • 1579 Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1580 Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1677 Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III
  • 1689 William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain
  • 1713 Great Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Prussia, Savoy, Portugal & France agree the Treaty of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces in North America to Britain
  • 1775 The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
  • 1783 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War
  • 1801 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Napoleon abdicates unconditionally; he is exiled to Elba

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1828 Foundation of Bahia Blanca.
  • 1848 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
  • 1856 Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats Wm Walker's invading Nicaraguans
  • 1862 Confederates surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1863 Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • 1865 Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1868 The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
  • 1876 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • 1876 Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 1881 River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River, Ontario, 180 die
  • 1881 Spelman College founded
  • 1888 The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
  • 1890 Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station
  • 1891 8-year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
  • 1895 Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • 1898 President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • 1899 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

  • 1902 Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa
  • 1909 Establishment of Tel Aviv by Jewish settlers (named 1910)
  • 1912 RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown, Ireland, for NY
  • 1912 Cornerstone of Technion laid in Haifa, Palestine
  • 1912 The UK Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" premieres

  • 1914 Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US
  • 1919 The International Labour Organization is founded.
  • 1921 Iowa imposed 1st state cigarette tax
  • 1921 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1921 The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
  • 1924 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections
  • 1924 WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco

  • 1926 Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent
  • 1927 Chilean gen Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
  • 1929 KLO-AM in Ogden UT begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 Loetafoon celluloid film system demonstrated in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Hermann Goering becomes Premier of Prussia

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1939 Hungary leaves League of Nations
  • 1941 Germany blitzes Conventry, England
  • 1941 Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets
  • 1942 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • 1943 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
  • 1944 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • 1945 Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
  • 1945 SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
  • 1945 US captures Tsugen Shima
  • 1945 US soldiers liberate Nazi concentration camp "Buchenwald"
  • 1945 US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
  • 1950 Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco
  • 1950 US B-29 bomber shot down over Latvia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman relieves Gen Douglas McArthur of command in Korea

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
  • 1953 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • 1953 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created

MurderAssassination Attempt

1955 Chartered Air India plane the "Kashmir Princess" is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by a Kuomintang secret agent

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • 1956 French government decides to send 200,000 reservists to Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires

  • 1957 Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off & land vertically
  • 1957 Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
  • 1958 Brooks Hall in Civic Center dedicated (SF)
  • 1959 Dutch prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Trial of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in World War II begins in Jerusalem, Israel

SS officer Adolf Eichmann
SS officer
Adolf Eichmann
  • 1961 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 John XXIII encyclical On peace in truth, justice, charity & liberty

  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Warren Spahn beats Mets 6-1 for his 328th win (most by a lefty)
  • 1965 40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 & injuring 5,000
  • 1967 Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress & reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Tom Stoppard's "Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead" premieres

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1968 Polish Marshal Spychalski succeeds Ochab as president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1968 W Berlin student Rudi Dutschke seriously wounded at demonstration
  • 1970 Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days
  • 1970 SF beats Cincinnati 2-1, only day Reds aren't in 1st place in 1970
  • 1971 "Johnny Johnson" opens/closes at Edison Theater NYC for 1 performance
  • 1972 Benjamin L Hooks named to FCC
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 WW II war criminal JP Philippa arrested

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 The Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak is released

Co-founder of Apple Steve Wozniak
Co-founder of Apple
Steve Wozniak
  • 1977 Ireland sets fishing zone at 50 mile

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 104


Person of interestPerson of Interest

146 Lucius Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor (193-211), born in Leptis Magna, modern day Libya (d. 211)

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 1370 Frederick I the Warlike, elector of Saxony
  • 1374 Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (d. 1398)
  • 1492 Marguerite of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre (d. 1549)
  • 1661 Antoine Coypel, French painter/poet
  • 1721 David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (d. 1808)
  • 1722 Christopher Smart, English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols)
  • 1755 James Parkinson, English physician geologist, paleontologist, and political activist (d. 1824)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1770 George Canning, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, born in London, England (d. 1827)

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
  • 1772 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author/poet (El Duque de Viseo)
  • 1793 Nicolaas C Kist, Dutch church historian/archivist
  • 1794 Edward Everett, (Gov-Mass), statesman/orator, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts
  • 1798 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (d. 1854)
  • 1801 Claude Tillier, French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 1810 Henry Rawlinson, English scholar (d. 1895)
  • 1825 Ferdinand Lassalle, French politician/founder (Allgemeiner)
  • 1837 Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, Col (Union Army), (d. 1861)
  • 1856 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India
  • 1862 Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
  • 1862 William W Campbell, US astronomer/director Lick Observatory
  • 1866 Carla Ford, wife of Henry Ford
  • 1866 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet (d. 1953)
  • 1867 John P Lotsy, Dutch botanist/geneticist (Genetics)
  • 1867 Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Schools of Los Angeles County (d. 1928)
  • 1869 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
  • 1869 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
  • 1873 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • 1890 Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
  • 1893 Dean G Acheson, statesman/US Secretary of State (1949-53)
  • 1893 Johannes T Thijsse, Dutch founder (Waterloopkundig lab Delft)
  • 1896 Léo-Paul Desrosiers, Quebec novelist (d. 1967)
  • 1897 Caspar Neher, German set designer/librettist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1975)

  • 1900 Sandor Marai, Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer (typewriter)
  • 1901 Glenway Wescott, American writer (Apartment in Athens)
  • 1904 Arthur Ernest Mourant, haematologist
  • 1905 József Attila, Hungarian poet (d. 1937)
  • 1906 Dale Messick [Dalia Messick], American cartoonist (Brenda Starr), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Masura Ibuka, industrialist
  • 1910 António de Spínola, Portuguese general and conservative President of Portugal (1974), born in Estremoz, Portugal (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Henry William Collins, artist
  • 1913 Oleg Cassini, fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy), born in Paris, France
  • 1914 Norman McLaren, Canadian film animator and director (d. 1987)
  • 1917 David Westheimer, American novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Jean-Claude Servan-Schreiber, journalist
  • 1918 Richard Wainwright, English politician (d. 2003)
  • 1918 William Perrie, British prison governor
  • 1919 Hugh Carey, American politician and attorney (Gov-D-NY), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1919 Sir Raymond Carr, English historian and warden (St Antony's College Oxford), born in Bath, Somerset
  • 1920 Marlen Haushofer, writer
  • 1920 Emilio Colombo, Potenza, Italian Prime Minister (1970-2), (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Martin Buckmaster, 3rd Viscount Buckmaster, British diplomat
  • 1922 Antoine Blondin, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Ethel Kennedy, American human-rights campaigner (wife of Bobby Kennedy), born in Chicago, Illinois

Bobby Kennedy's Wife Ethel Kennedy
Bobby Kennedy's Wife
Ethel Kennedy
  • 1925 Johan van Zonderen, painter
  • 1925 Oscar De Ville, CEO (Meyer International)
  • 1925 Rik Kuijpers, Belgian director (Sea gulls die in the harbor)
  • 1925 Pierre Péladeau, Canadian businessman and newspaper editor (Quebecor) (d. 1997)
  • 1929 Lawrence Coughlin, (Rep-R-PA, 1969- )
  • 1930 Clive Exton, scriptwriter & playwright
  • 1930 James Alan Ferman, secretary (British Board of Film Classification)
  • 1930 Joseph Burnett-Stuart, CEO (Robert Fleming Holdings)
  • 1930 Nicholas F Brady, US Secretary of Treasury (1988-93)
  • 1930 W G [Bill] Hefner, (Rep-D-NC, 1975- )
  • 1930 Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • 1932 F Gregory Neubeck, USAF pilot
  • 1933 Tony Brown, Charleston WV, newsman (Tony Brown's Journal)
  • 1934 Dame Anne Poole, chief nursing officer (Department of Health)
  • 1934 Mark Strand, American poet/editor/translator (Another Republic)
  • 1934 Richard A Garland, artist/photographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 Richard Kuklinski, American mafia hit-man, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2006)

Contract Killer Richard Kuklinski
Contract Killer
Richard Kuklinski
  • 1936 Janet Allen, Headmistress (Benenden School)
  • 1938 Michael Deaver, politician/influence peddler (S&L scandal)
  • 1941 David Lyle Boren, (Sen-D-OK, 1979- )
  • 1941 Frederick "Rick" Hauck, astr (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26), born in Long Beach, California
  • 1941 Ellen Goodman, American political columnist
  • 1942 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5)
  • 1943 E J Dommering, Dutch lawyer
  • 1943 John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich, British entrepreneur, politician and nobleman
  • 1943 Elmer R Wilsoe, Island mayor (Curacao)
  • 1944 John Milius, writer (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday)
  • 1944 R J B Knight, deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
  • 1947 Michael Hindley, British MEP
  • 1947 Michael Wright, Vice-Chancello, (Aston University)
  • 1947 Lev Bulat, Russian physicist
  • 1948 Ellen Goodman, syndicated columnist (or 1941)
  • 1948 Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach
  • 1951 Doris McGowen Beck Angleton, American socialite (d. 1997)
  • 1951 James Patrick Kelly, American author
  • 1953 Andrew Wiles, British mathematician
  • 1953 Guy Verhofstadt, Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1955 Piers J Sellers, English astronaut and climate scientist, born in Sussex (d. 2016)
  • 1955 Kevin Brady, American politician (Rep Texas (R) 1997-), born in Vermillion, South Dakota
  • 1958 Brynn Hartman, American murderer (d. 1998)
  • 1960 Jeremy Clarkson, British journalist
  • 1963 Chris Ferguson, American poker player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1799 Politician Henry Clay (21) weds Lucretia Hart in Lexington, Kentucky

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay

HeartWedding of Interest

1888 Industrialist Henry Ford (24) weds Clara Jane Bryant (22) in Greenfield Township, Michigan

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

HeartWedding of Interest

1969 Future South African president F. W. de Klerk marries Marike Willemse

South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk

Deaths in History

  • 678 Donus, Italian Pope (676-78), dies
  • 1034 Romanus III Argyrus, Byzantine emperor (1028-34), assassinated by wife at 66 or 67
  • 1240 Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales (1194-1240), dies
  • 1500 Michael T Marullus, Greeks poet, drowns
  • 1512 Gaston de Foix, French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle
  • 1554 Thomas Wyatt the younger, English rebel (b. 1521)
  • 1612 Edward Wightman, English Baptist preacher (b. 1566)
  • 1626 Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)
  • 1712 Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (b. 1638)
  • 1723 John Robinson, English diplomat (b. 1650)
  • 1783 Nikita I Panin, Russian earl/ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
  • 1798 Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)
  • 1812 Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35
  • 1838 Pieter L Uys, South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40
  • 1839 John Galt, Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • 1842 John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
  • 1854 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German DR (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 1856 Juan Santamaría, national hero of Costa Rica (b. 1831)
  • 1861 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (b. 1824)
  • 1873 Edward Canby, U.S. general (b. 1817)
  • 1875 Heinrich Schwabe, discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle), dies
  • 1881 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • 1890 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", dies of asphyxia at 27
  • 1894 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (b. 1832)
  • 1895 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist, dies at 64
  • 1902 ... Potgieter, South African Boer general, dies in battle
  • 1903 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint, dies at 25
  • 1906 Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon, Rus-orthodox clergyman/tsarist agent, dies
  • 1906 James A Bailey, circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58
  • 1906 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (b. 1839)
  • 1908 Henry Bird, English Chess player and author (b. 1829)
  • 1916 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), dies of a heart attack at 52
  • 1921 Augusta Victoria, Queen of Prussia/wife of Emperor Wilhelm II, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, dies of gastrointestinal complications at 77

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Horticulturist
Luther Burbank
  • 1939 SS Van Dine, [William Huntingdon Wright], detective writer, dies at 50
  • 1945 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), dies at 29
  • 1947 Louise Peete, American murderess (b. 1880)
  • 1953 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), dies at 73
  • 1958 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (b. 1875)
  • 1967 Donald Sangster, Jamaican prime-minister (b. 1911)
  • 1970 Cathy O'Donnell, dies at 66
  • 1970 John H O'Hara, US journalist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), dies at 65
  • 1980 Charlotte Henry, dies
  • 1981 Marie Ney, dies at 85
  • 1985 Enver Hoxha, party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76
  • 1987 Erskine Caldwell, novelist (Tobacco Road), dies at 83
  • 1987 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67
  • 1989 Henk van Galen Last, Dutch journalist, dies at 68
  • 1990 Barbara Ann Miller, dies
  • 1990 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1904)
  • 1991 Tom Rosqui, dies at 62
  • 1992 Eve Merriam, poet (Inner City Mother Goose), dies of cancer at 75
  • 1992 Alejandro Obregón, Colombian painter (b. 1920)
  • 1993 Mohammed el-Himi, brigade-general of Egyptian police, murdered
  • 1993 Rachmon Nabiyev, President of Tadzjikistan (1973..92), dies at 63
  • 1994 Johan Block, Dutch aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia), dies at 64
  • 1996 Daniel Wolf, journalist, dies at 80
  • 1996 Edwin Clarke, historian/neurologist, dies at 76
  • 1996 Jessica Dubroff, hoped to be youngest to fly across US, crashed at 7
  • 1996 Louis Osman, artist/goldsmith/craftsman, dies at 82
  • 1996 Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet, French advertising magnate and Founder of Publicis Groupe, dies at 89
  • 1997 Michael Dorris, writer, commits suicide at 52
  • 2003 Cecil Howard Green, British geophysicist and businessman (b. 1900)
  • 2005 André François, French cartoonist (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Maurice R. Hilleman, American Microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia, dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2007 Kurt Vonnegut Jr, American author, dies from head trauma at 84

  • 2007 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), dies at 86
  • 2007 Janet McDonald, American novelist (b. 1954)
  • 2008 Merlin German, United States Marine
  • 2009 Corín Tellado, Spanish romance novelist (b. 1927)
  • 2012 Ahmed Ben Bella, First president of Algeria, dies at 93
  • 2013 Hilary Koprowski, Polish virologist and immunologist, dies at 96

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2013 Maria Tallchief, American prima ballerina, dies at 88

Ballerina Maria Tallchief
Ballerina
Maria Tallchief