On This Day in History for April 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 467 Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1065 Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reach Jerusalem
  • 1111 Pope Paschalis II crowns Henry V, Roman emperor
  • 1204 4th Crusade occupies & plunders Constantinople
  • 1229 Queen Blanche of Castile & earl Raymond VII van Toulouse sign peace
  • 1545 French King Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed
  • 1557 Cuenca is founded in Ecuador.
  • 1606 England adopts the Union Flag, replaced in 1801 by current Union Flag/Union Jack
  • 1648 University of Harderwijk Neth solemn opens
  • 1654 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • 1713 Dutch State-Gen signs peace with France: Neth loses Orange Princedom
  • 1770 Townsend Acts repealed
  • 1776 Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina
  • 1782 Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French
  • 1787 Philadelphia's Free African Society forms
  • 1811 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment (Washington)
  • 1820 Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
  • 1844 Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States
  • 1857 Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
  • 1858 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
  • 1859 Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates
  • 1861 Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War
  • 1862 James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA
  • 1862 Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia
  • 1863 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Blair's Landing LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • 1869 North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1877 British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • 1883 French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • 1887 Henrik Ibsen's "Rosmersholm" premieres in Oslo
  • 1892 George C Blickensderfer patents portable typewriter
  • 1893 Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • 1894 British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa
  • 1898 Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy
  • 1900 The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
  • 1905 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
  • 1905 Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)
  • 1907 Belgium government of De Stain de Naeyer, resigns
  • 1907 In Switzerland, parliament passes a new army bill reorganizing the nation's forces into a standing militia, with training required for all males
  • 1908 Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts
  • 1909 Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
  • 1911 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • 1916 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • 1917 Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St NYC (Demolished 1982)
  • 1917 Domenico Scarlatti & Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
  • 1919 British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
  • 1924 WLS-AM in Chicago begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1931 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • 1932 Emmanuel Chabriers & Balanchines ballet premieres in Monte Carlo
  • 1933 Moffatt Field commissioned
  • 1934 Second highest ever wind speed of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington
  • 1934 The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • 1935 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers
  • 1935 Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar
  • 1935 First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.
  • 1938 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • 1940 Italy annexes Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • 1943 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
  • 1943 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • 1944 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US President Franklin Roosevelt dies in office and Vice-President Harry Truman is sworn in as 33rd US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1945 Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis"
  • 1946 Syria gains independence from France
  • 1951 Israeli Knesset officially designated April 13 as Holocaust Day
  • 1952 Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government
  • 1953 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • 1954 Belgian Van Houtte government resigns
  • 1954 Bill Haley & Comets records "Rock Around Clock"
  • 1954 Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle & Roll"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1956 Bandaranaike government forms in Ceylon
  • 1957 Jim Spalding set a 2088 pin nine-game bowling record
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Flemish Open air museum opens in Bokrijk
  • 1959 13th Tony Awards: J B & Redhead win
  • 1959 France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria
  • 1960 Bert Haanstra wins Oscar for "Glass"
  • 1960 Bill Veeck & Chicago Comiskey Park debuts "Exploding Scoreboard"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • 1962 San Mateo County withdraws from BART district (SF Bay area)
  • 1963 Birmingham police use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators
  • 1966 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam
  • 1968 Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah.
  • 1973 France recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Sudan adopts constitution
  • 1973 Swaziland suspends constitution
  • 1975 Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved"
  • 1975 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1976 India set 403 to win by WI They get them, 6 wkts 7 overs spare

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Anne Rice's debut novel "Interview with a Vampire" is published by Knopf.

Author Anne Rice
Author
Anne Rice
  • 1979 Soyuz 33 returns to Earth
  • 1980 BCMA, Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, forms
  • 1980 Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession.

Birthdays in History

  • 599 BC Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)
  • 812 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
  • 1484 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)
  • 1500 Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German humanist
  • 1526 Marc-Antoine de Muret, French humanist, born in Muret
  • 1526 Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)
  • 1550 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)
  • 1577 Christian IV of Denmark (d. 1648)
  • 1579 Francois de Bassompierre, marshal of France
  • 1695 Caspar Burman, historian/mayor (Utrecht Neth)
  • 1705 William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)
  • 1713 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (d. 1796)
  • 1724 Lyman Hall, US physician (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1748 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
  • 1764 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, regent of Holland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1777 Henry Clay, American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", born in Hanover County, Virginia (d. 1852)

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • 1791 Francis Preston Blair, newspaper editor (Washington Globe)
  • 1792 John George Lambton, statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England
  • 1793 Ferdinand I KLJM, the Good Natured, Emperor of Austria/king of Hungary
  • 1794 Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)
  • 1796 George N. Briggs, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • 1799 Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
  • 1801 Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader
  • 1802 Francois MP Liberman, French relig leader (Congregation of Heart)
  • 1823 Aleksandr Ostrovsky, Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers)
  • 1831 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter/sculptor
  • 1831 George Burgwyn Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831 Grenville Mellen Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838 John Shaw Billings, US, librarian/army physician
  • 1848 José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
  • 1852 [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician
  • 1856 William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)
  • 1863 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
  • 1868 Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)
  • 1869 Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
  • 1871 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general/dictator (1936-41)
  • 1878 Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist
  • 1879 Frederick G Melcher, US, publisher/editor/founded children's book week
  • 1883 Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)
  • 1884 Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)
  • 1894 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese general/president (1951-58)
  • 1898 Grantley H Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), born in St. Michael, British Windward Islands
  • 1901 Lowell Stockman, American representative (d. 1962)
  • 1902 Louis J M Beel, premier of Netherland (1946-48, 58-59)
  • 1903 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist/UN advisor (Nobel 1969)
  • 1904 Harald James Penrose, pilot
  • 1907 Felix de Weldon, Austrian-born sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1907 Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (d. 1979)
  • 1908 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia
  • 1908 John T Hughes, Bishop to Forces
  • 1908 Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1910 Jorgen Rausch, German philosopher/author (End of the Playboys)
  • 1911 Darrell A Amyx, US archaeologist (Greek Ceramics)
  • 1911 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (d. 1976)
  • 1912 Georges Franju, France, director (Judex, L'homme sans visage)
  • 1912 Harold Maguire, British air marshal
  • 1913 Keiko Fukuda, martial artist, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Armen Alchian, American economist
  • 1915 Emil [Theodore] Petaja, US, sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane)
  • 1916 Beverly Cleary, American writer
  • 1916 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)
  • 1918 18th earl of Derby, English landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1919 Lady Ricketts, CEO (National Association of Citizens' Advice Bureaux)
  • 1919 Maurice Girodias, French publisher
  • 1919 Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero
  • 1920 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • 1921 Alfred Mabbs, British archivist (Public Records Office), born in London (d. 2009)
  • 1923 E C Meade, British chartered accountant
  • 1924 Julius Moormann, student/resistance fighter (WW II)
  • 1924 Peter Safar, Austrian physician (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Johnny Jordan, England, cameraman (You Only Live Twice) [or Feb 7]
  • 1927 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder
  • 1928 Brooklyn Supreme, Belgium, stallion, heaviest known horse (1450 kg)
  • 1930 Patrick Edmund Pery, 6th Earl of Limerick, Irish peer and public servant
  • 1930 Lou A de Graaf, Dutch asst secretary of Social Affairs (VDA)
  • 1930 Uwe Kitzinger, President (Templeton College, Oxford)
  • 1930 Manuel Neri, American artist
  • 1932 Jack Gelber, US, playwright (Connection, Apple)
  • 1932 Dennis Banks, American activist
  • 1932 Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan politician (d. 2005)
  • 1935 Wendy Savage, obstetrician/gynaecologist
  • 1936 Kennedy A Simmonds, premier (St Kitts & Nevis, 1983-95)
  • 1937 Igor Volk, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-12) and test pilot, born in Zmiiv, Ukraine (d. 2017)
  • 1937 Raymond Ceulemans, Belgian world champ billiards player
  • 1939 Alan Ayckbourn, playwright, born in London, England
  • 1940 John Hagee, American pastor and televangelist
  • 1942 Bill Bryden, theatre director
  • 1944 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Hilary Nicolle, educationist
  • 1945 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the WHO (d. 2006)
  • 1947 Tom Clancy, Baltmore Maryland, American author
  • 1947 Antonin Kratochvil photographer
  • 1948 Joschka Fischer, Foreign Minister of Germany
  • 1949 Scott Turow, American writer
  • 1950 Kari Palaste, Finnish architect
  • 1950 Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)
  • 1950 Joyce Banda, President of Malawi (2012-2014), born in Malemia, Nyasaland
  • 1973 J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist
  • 1981 Jaspreet Singh, businessman

Weddings in History

  • 1385 Duke of Burgundy, John the Fearless, marries Margaret of Bavaria in political double wedding with his sister
  • 1385 Willem van Oostervant of Bavaria weds Philip the Bold's daughter Marguerite (10)
  • 1583 William of Orange marries Louise de Coligny

HeartWedding of Interest

1842 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (22) weds queen Adelaide of Austria (20) at Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

1913 Author Upton Sinclair (34) weds writer Mary Craig (31)

  • 1918 American Playwright Eugene O'Neill marries second wife novelist Agnes Boulton

HeartWedding of Interest

1952 Cambodia king Norodom Sihanouk (29) weds Paule Monique Izzi

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk

HeartWedding of Interest

1986 Author Arianna Huffington (35) weds politician Michael Huffington (38)

Author and creator of The Huffington Post Arianna Huffington
Author and creator of The Huffington Post
Arianna Huffington
  • 2003 Prince Laurent of Belgium (39)marries Claire Coombs (29) in Belgium
  • 2014 Actress Ginnifer Goodwin (35) weds actor Josh Dallas (32) in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 45 BC Gnaeus Pompeius, the Younger, Roman general
  • 65 Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman and dramatist
  • 238 Gordian II, Roman co-Emperor with his father Gordian I, killed in battle at Carthage
  • 238 Gordian I, Roman Emperor, suicide, after losing battle at Carthage and death of son Gordian I
  • 352 Julius I, pope (337-52), dies
  • 434 Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople
  • 1125 Vladislaus I of Bohemia (1109-17, 1120-25)
  • 1443 Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1550 Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise, dies at 53
  • 1555 Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75
  • 1675 Richard Bennett, English Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)
  • 1687 Ambrose Dixon, Virginia Colony pioneer
  • 1704 John Hudde, 21x mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1704 Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and writer, dies at 77

Bishop and Writer Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
Bishop and Writer
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
  • 1748 William Kent, English sculptor/architect (Kensington Palace), dies
  • 1782 Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1698)
  • 1795 Rainieri de Calzabigi, Italian librettist and poet, dies at 80
  • 1795 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1817 Charles Messier, "comet ferret" & catalogs famous "M objects,", dies
  • 1828 Jean Henri Appelius, Dutch lawyer/minister of Finance, dies at 60
  • 1845 Henry M baron the Kock, officer/politician, dies at 65
  • 1850 Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary (b. 1788)
  • 1859 John Emde, German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • 1864 Thomas Green, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 50

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1878 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", New York corrupt politician dies in prison at 55

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • 1898 Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Roman catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1820)
  • 1902 Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)
  • 1910 William G Sumner, US sociologist/politicologist (Folkways), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Clara Barton, organizer (American Red Cross), dies at 90

Humanitarian Clara Barton
Humanitarian
Clara Barton
  • 1938 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • 1942 Johannes E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1946 August Borms, Flemish nazi collaborator, executed at 67
  • 1946 F Guicciardi, writer, dies
  • 1947 Christian F L Leipoldt, South African writer (Die Moormansgat), dies
  • 1959 James Gleason, dies at 76
  • 1962 Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Indian politician and engineer (b. 1861)
  • 1966 Sumokil, president of Republic South Moluccas, executed
  • 1968 Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer and Volkswagen director (b. 1899)
  • 1972 C W Ceram, [Kurt Marek], German/US writer (1st American), dies at 57
  • 1974 Carl Jaffe, dies at 72
  • 1975 Josephine Baker, US/French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), dies at 68
  • 1980 William R Tolbert Jr, Liberian President & 27 others killed in coup
  • 1980 Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (b. 1895)
  • 1986 Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (b. 1897)
  • 1987 Ewan Calague, economist/statistician (Social Security) dies at 90
  • 1988 Alan Stewart Paton, writer, dies
  • 1989 Abbie Hoffman, yippie peace activist of the 60's, dies at 52
  • 1991 James Schuyler, US poet (Pulitzer 1980), dies
  • 1993 Isaac Rojas, vp of Argentina (1955-58), dies
  • 1993 Patience Jarvis, dies of melanoma at 56
  • 1994 Harry la Fontaine, Danish/US resistance fighter/producer, dies at 81
  • 1994 Jean Carmet, dies at 72
  • 1996 Marthe Robert, essayist/translator, dies at 82
  • 1996 Nancy Sheehan, writer, dies at 69
  • 1996 William Wilkinson, businessman/conservationist, dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 George Wald, scientist, (Nobel Prize, vitamin A in retina) dies at 90

Scientist George Wald
Scientist
George Wald
  • 2001 Harvey Ball, American inventor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 Cecil H. Green, American manufacturer (b. 1900)
  • 2006 Puggy Pearson, American poker player (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Kevin Crease, Australian TV anchor (b. 1936)
  • 2008 Patrick 'Paddy' Hillery, 6th President of Ireland, EEC Commissioner and Irish Minister (b. 1923)
  • 2008 Jerry Zucker, Israeli-born American businessman (b. 1949)
  • 2013 Robert Byrne, American grand chess master, dies from Parkinson’s disease at 84
  • 2015 Sheila Kitzinger, British author, anthropologist & child birth educator, dies at 86
  • 2016 Arnold Wesker, British playwright (Chips with Everything), dies at 83