On This Day in History for April 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 132

  • 837 Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years
  • 989 Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas
  • 1055 Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II
  • 1111 Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II
  • 1180 Republic day of Gelnhausen
  • 1204 Crusaders occupy Constantinople
  • 1241 Battle of Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV
  • 1250 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
  • 1256 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1346 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1367 Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France
  • 1517 Ottoman army occupies Cairo
  • 1556 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 1598 Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
  • 1640 English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 John Dryden (36) appointed first English poet laureate by Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1741 Dutch people protest bad quality of bread
  • 1741 Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich
  • 1759 French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • 1796 First elephant arrives in US from India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1829 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • 1842 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 1860 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • 1861 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • 1863 Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • 1865 Raleigh, North Carolina captured by Union forces
  • 1868 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1870 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • 1873 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1882 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1883 US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1904 Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Hereros chase away German army
  • 1904 US Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1904 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1906 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama
  • 1909 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1911 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames
  • 1911 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • 1914 1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
  • 1918 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • 1919 British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350
  • 1919 The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1920 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • 1921 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1923 US Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • 1924 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • 1925 Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St NYC
  • 1928 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • 1933 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)
  • 1934 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • 1934 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • 1936 Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • 1938 Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 In India the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1940 2nd battle of Narvik; 8 German destroyers destroyed
  • 1941 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 Catholic University Nijegen closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
  • 1944 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • 1944 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • 1945 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • 1946 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • 1948 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • 1957 11th Tony Awards: Long Days Journey into the Night & My Fair Lady win
  • 1957 Due to lack of funds, Saturday postal delivery in US is temporarily halted
  • 1958 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello & Music Man win
  • 1958 Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.
  • 1959 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1959 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • 1960 Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
  • 1961 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid
  • 1962 US steel industry forced to give up price increases
  • 1963 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
  • 1964 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964 New Zealander Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day
  • 1965 1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by NY Sen Jacob Javits
  • 1966 Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s
  • 1969 Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
  • 1970 Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener: Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation
  • 1975 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • 1975 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • 1976 $2 bill re-introduced as US currency

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 137

  • 1506 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)
  • 1519 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons
  • 1547 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1570 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator (d. 1606)

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • 1573 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)
  • 1584 Albert VI of Bavaria (d. 1666)
  • 1593 Thomas Wentworth, earl of Strafford/Viceroy of Ireland, born in London, England
  • 1618 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1626 Aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised
  • 1648 Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (d. 1717)
  • 1729 Thomas Percy, English literary/bishop of Dromore

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1732 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
  • 1735 Isaac Low, delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1791)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1743 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1747 Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count/vice-admiral
  • 1756 Louis H J Condé, French prince
  • 1764 Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (d. 1830)
  • 1769 Thomas Lawrence, English painter (d. 1830)
  • 1771 Adam FJA van der Duyn, Dutch governor (South Holland)
  • 1771 Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)
  • 1780 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)
  • 1784 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder
  • 1784 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)
  • 1787 John Robertson, U.S. politician (d. 1873)
  • 1791 Félix PBOG earl de Merode, Belgian minister of War/Finance
  • 1802 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)
  • 1817 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian/archivist (Brussels)
  • 1822 Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1822 William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1825 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1828 Joseph B Lightfoot, English theologist/bishop of Durham
  • 1832 James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (electricstatic generator)
  • 1832 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), born in Ambato, Ecuador (d. 1889)
  • 1841 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, gov-gen (Neth East-Indies)
  • 1849 Enrique Jose Varona, Cuban sociologist/psychologist
  • 1850 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • 1851 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)
  • 1860 James Ensor, Flemish painter/etcher (De lampenjongen)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1908)

  • 1872 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1873 John W. Davis, American politician (d. 1955)
  • 1875 Ray Lyman Wilbur, U.S. university president and politician (d. 1949)
  • 1879 Edward Bruce, Director art projects (d. 1943)
  • 1883 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Pieter S Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer/premier in London (1940-45)
  • 1885 Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)
  • 1887 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)
  • 1889 Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)
  • 1890 Frank Murphy, American public servant (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)
  • 1891 Nella Larsen, African-American novelist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF
  • 1892 Robert A Watson-Watt, Brechin Forfarshire, Scottish developer of the radar in WWII
  • 1895 Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1899 Alfred Moser Butts, game inventor (Scrabble)
  • 1899 Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher
  • 1900 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • 1901 René-Jean Pleven, French premier (1950-52)
  • 1901 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Philippe de Rothschild, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard), born in Paris, France
  • 1904 Georges Yves Marie Congar, dominican Theologian cardinal
  • 1904 Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1907 Harold Stassen, W (Gov-R-Minn) perennial presidential candidate, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1909 Eudora Welty, Jackson Ms, novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973)
  • 1909 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, willife conservationist
  • 1909 Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)
  • 1911 Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Roy Winsor, producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1913 Bernard Chacksfield, Air Vice-Marshal
  • 1915 Bert [Albert L F] Peleman, [Dirk Dyckmans], Flemish writer
  • 1915 R N Coote, Bishop (Colchester)
  • 1915 Stephan Hermlin, writer
  • 1915 Stephen Roberts, CEO (British Milk Marketing Board)
  • 1915 Tom Greenshields, sculptor
  • 1918 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, born in St Pauls Cray, Kent (2002)
  • 1919 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist (opppsed prayer in school)
  • 1919 Roland Gaucher, French journalist
  • 1920 Liam Cosgrave, leader (Fine Gael Party)
  • 1920 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Claude Cheysson, French politician
  • 1921 Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, industrialist
  • 1921 James Wilson, British Lt-General
  • 1921 Maxwell Henley Harris, Australian poet/publisher (Gift of Blood)
  • 1922 John Braine, English novelist (Life at the Top)
  • 1922 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Jack Chick, American religious cartoonist (Chick tracts), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist
  • 1926 John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner
  • 1927 Lord Wedderburn of Charlton, QC, (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Rosa Joyce Plesters Brommelie, conservation scientist
  • 1928 Alan Clark, English politician (d. 1999)
  • 1930 Jeremiah Harman, British Judge "the kicking Judge"
  • 1931 Beverley Cross, playwright

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1992 Nelson Mandela announces he will seek divorce from Winnie

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Deaths in History

  • 799 Paul the Deacon / Paulus Diaconus Warnefred, Italian Benedictine monk and chronicler (born c. 720)
  • 814 Khan Krum of Bulgaria (803-814)
  • 1093 Prince Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1030)
  • 1517 Tuman Bey, last Mamelukken sultan of Egypt, hanged
  • 1612 Sasaki Kojirō, Japanese samurai
  • 1635 Fakhr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon (b. 1572)
  • 1641 Richard Montagu, English clergyman (b. 1577)
  • 1695 Jean de La Fontaine, poet, dies
  • 1722 Charles Leslie, Irish controversialist, dies
  • 1793 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)
  • 1794 Nicolas Chamfort, French writer (b. 1741)
  • 1806 Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at about 82
  • 1853 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)
  • 1853 James Iredell, Jr., American politician (b. 1788)
  • 1855 Henry De la Beche, English geologist (b. 1796)
  • 1868 Tewodros II / Theodorus II, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1818) commits suicide
  • 1880 Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
  • 1882 Bruno Bauer, German theologian (b. 1809)
  • 1890 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (b. 1828)
  • 1904 Vasili Vereshtshagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies
  • 1909 Whitley Stokes, British lawyer (b. 1830)
  • 1910 William Orchardson, British painter, dies
  • 1911 George Washington Glick, American politician (b. 1827)
  • 1911 John McLane, American politician (b. 1852)
  • 1912 Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • 1918 Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)
  • 1932 Johannes T de Visser, 1st Dutch Min of Education, dies at 75 [or 14th]
  • 1936 Demertzis, Greek premier, dies
  • 1938 Archibald Belaney, Canadian conservationist (b. 1888)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Annie Jump Cannon, US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • 1942 Henk Sneevliet, leader of Dutch RSAP/Spartacus, executed at 58
  • 1944 Paul Hazard, French literature historian, dies at 65
  • 1945 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1949 C V France, dies at 80
  • 1954 Angus Lewis Macdonald, Canadian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1959 Rigardus "Rijn" Rijnhout, Giant of Rotterdam (2.375m), dies at 38
  • 1961 John A. Bennett, American convicted rapist (b. 1935)
  • 1962 Culbert Olson, American politician (b. 1876)
  • 1966 Abdul Salam Arif, Iraqi politician (b. 1921)
  • 1966 Georges Duhamel, French writer (b. 1884)
  • 1967 Luis Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (1956-63), dies at 44
  • 1971 Juhan Smuul, Estonian author (b. 1921)
  • 1973 Alexandre A M Stols, publisher/typographer (Schoone Book), dies at 73
  • 1975 N'garta Tombalbaye, president Chad, dies
  • 1978 Jack Chambers, Canadian artist (b. 1931)
  • 1981 Prince Asaka Yasuhiko of Japan (b. 1887)
  • 1983 Theodore Stephanides, Greek doctor and naturalist (b. 1896)
  • 1984 Christopher Wilder, FBI's "most wanted man," accidentally kills self
  • 1990 Luis Trenker, dies at 97
  • 1992 Brian Oulton, dies at 84
  • 1992 Wallace Stegner, novelist (Pulitzer 1972), dies at 84
  • 1993 Barry Karas, dies of leukemia at 49
  • 1993 Max Tripels, Dutch attorney/MP, dies at 72
  • 1994 Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist, dies at 92
  • 1994 P J Engels, Dutch MP (KVP), dies at 70
  • 1994 Taleb Ali al-Suheil, Iran sheik, murdered in Lebanon at 64
  • 1995 Edward Firth Henderson, arabist, dies at 77
  • 1995 Lawrence Allan Laurie Scott, script writer, dies at 87
  • 1996 Denis Sargan, econometrician, dies at 71
  • 1996 George Mackey Brown, poet, dies at 74
  • 1996 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, criminal, dies at 64
  • 1997 Ann Craft, researcher/writer, dies at 53
  • 1997 Dorothy Frooks, American author and military figure (b. 1896)
  • 1999 Ortvin Sarapu, New Zealand chess player (b. 1924)
  • 1999 Willi Stoph, German politician (b. 1914)
  • 2000 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 Robert Moon, American postal inspector (b. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006 Muriel Spark, Scottish author, dies at 88

Author Muriel Spark
Author
Muriel Spark
  • 2008 John Wheeler, American physicist and educator (b. 1911)
  • 2015 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2015 Günter Grass, German writer (The Tin Drum) and playwright and Nobel Prize laureate (1999), dies at 87

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass