On This Day in History for April 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 160


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 193 Lucius Septimus Severus crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 754 Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte
  • 966 Christianisation of Poland
  • 972 Notger becomes bishop of Liege
  • 979 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 1028 German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king
  • 1191 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
  • 1341 Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
  • 1434 The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.
  • 1471 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Barnet - Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 English King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1544 Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
  • 1570 Polish Calvinists/Lutherians/Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1574 Battle of Mookerhei - D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau
  • 1611 Word "telescope" is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)
  • 1629 England & France sign Peace of Susa
  • 1671 Cossacks capture Russian peasant leader Stenka Razin
  • 1699 Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.
  • 1756 Gov Glen of SC protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • 1775 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 1777 NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 1792 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1818 US Medical Corps forms
  • 1828 British 18-gun sloop HMS Acorn sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1828 First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • 1831 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1836 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1841 1st detective story published, Edgar Allan Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue" (April 1841)

  • 1847 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1849 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
  • 1860 1st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St Joseph, Mo
  • 1861 Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Ft Pillow TN
  • 1863 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • 1865 Mobile, Alabama is captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1868 SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • 1871 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • 1872 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • 1872 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • 1881 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires" (BG)
  • 1890 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1900 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
  • 1903 Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premiered in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1909 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 President Taft begins tradition of throwing out ball on opening day

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1910 Pan American Union forms
  • 1912 RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
  • 1913 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • 1914 Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
  • 1915 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • 1915 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • 1915 Turkey invades Armenia.
  • 1918 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • 1919 Following Gandhi's nonviolent methods, Muslim and Hindu protest British rule; British troops fire on the crowds, killing 400
  • 1921 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1922 Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
  • 1923 Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
  • 1927 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • 1928 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
  • 1930 Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • 1935 Black Sunday: Severe sandstorm ravages the US Midwest, creating the "Dust Bowl"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published

  • 1940 Allied troops land in Norway
  • 1940 RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
  • 1941 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • 1942 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later
  • 1944 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • 1944 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • 1944 Gen Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • 1944 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • 1945 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • 1945 Arnhem/Zwolle freed from Nazis
  • 1945 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945 US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • 1945 US Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
  • 1946 Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th & final HR
  • 1948 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • 1948 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1949 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1950 1st edition of British comic "Eagle"
  • 1950 Doorne's Auto factory opens in Netherlands
  • 1953 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • 1954 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • 1955 Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • 1957 Leah Neuberger wins her 8th women's singles ping pong championship
  • 1958 Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere
  • 1959 (Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington DC

Birthdays in History

  • 1336 Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1572 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1578 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)
  • 1592 Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher
  • 1629 Christian Huygens, Holland, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings)
  • 1668 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
  • 1714 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • 1721 William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1738 William Cavendish-Bentinck, British 3rd Duke of Portland, Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, (d. 1809)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1741 Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1762 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist
  • 1788 David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
  • 1797 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 1803 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter
  • 1809 George W Vreede, Dutch lawyer/politician
  • 1813 Junius S Morgan, American merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 1818 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
  • 1820 Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1827 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer/ambassador in Abyssinia
  • 1832 James Hewett Ledlie, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Utica, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1857 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1861 Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
  • 1862 Pyotr A Stolypin, premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 1866 Anne Sullivan, US teacer, educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • 1872 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Count Alexander, of Athlone, gov-gen (South-Africa/Canada)
  • 1876 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • 1877 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar
  • 1879 James Branch Cabell, American novelist/essayist (Restless Heads)
  • 1881 Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
  • 1882 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • 1886 Edward C Tolman, US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • 1886 Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • 1889 Efim D Bogoljubov, Russian chess player
  • 1891 B. R. Ambedkar [Baba Saheb], Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, born in Mhow, India (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian
  • 1897 Barbara Wootten, U.K. baroness
  • 1901 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Menachem A Schneerson, rebee (head of Lubavitcher Jews)
  • 1904 Reinout W van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist
  • 1904 Sonia Gaskell, Russian/Neth choreographer
  • 1905 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer/CEO (Philips)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • 1907 Francois "Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti
  • 1907 Otto F A H van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden)/MP (KVP)
  • 1912 Robert Doisneau, photographer
  • 1917 Marvin Miller, American labor activist, (d. 2012)
  • 1920 John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice
  • 1921 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), born in Oakland, California (d. 2016)
  • 1923 William Darling, journalist
  • 1925 Abel Muzorewa, bishop/premier (Rhodesia)
  • 1926 Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1929 William Edgar Thornton, Faison NC, MD/astronaut (STS-8, 51-B, sk:49)
  • 1930 George W Gekas, (Rep-R-PA, 1983- )
  • 1934 Fredric Jameson, American philosopher, cultural theorist
  • 1935 Erich von Däniken, Zofingen, Aargau, Swiss writer (Chariots of the Gods)
  • 1936 Frank Serpico, American policeman
  • 1938 Gloria [Dean] Randle Scott, American educator/pres (Beaumont College)
  • 1941 Anatoli Pavlocich Fyodorov, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • 1942 Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • 1943 Clarice Elaine Gaylord, director of research grants (EPA)
  • 1943 Yvonne Vriens-Auerbach, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1945 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • 1946 Tom Monteleone, American writer (Dark Star & Illumination)
  • 1948 Chester G Atkins, (Rep-D-MA)
  • 1948 Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums
  • 1948 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1949 DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • 1950 Francis Collins, American scientist
  • 1953 Irina Rudolfovna Pronina, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1953 David Buss, Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 Bruce Sterling, American sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)
  • 1966 André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1967 Marla Wynne, Easton Penn, Miss Penn-America (1991) (top 10)
  • 1969 Vebjørn Selbekk, Norwegian journalist
  • 1971 Peter Gibson, American writer
  • 1975 Anderson [da] Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist (longest UFC title streak at 2,547 days), born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1979 Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1983 William Yaw Obeng, Arena Football League lineman

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1880 Philosopher John Muir (41) weds Louisa Strentzel

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir

HeartWedding of Interest

1890 Painter Pierre Auguste Renoir (49) weds Aline Victorine Charigot

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir

HeartWedding of Interest

1976 The Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein (32) weds writer and director Nora Ephron (34) at a civil ceremony in Manhattan

Investigative Reporter Carl Bernstein
Investigative Reporter
Carl Bernstein

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1978 Novelist Danielle Steel (30) divorces Danny Zugelder after almost 3 years of marriage

Novelist Danielle Steel
Novelist
Danielle Steel

Deaths in History

  • 711 Childebert III, king of French, dies at about 27
  • 911 Sergius III, Italian Pope (904-11), dies
  • 1099 Conrad, bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death
  • 1132 Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)
  • 1240 Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, dies
  • 1279 Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1279 Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1322 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
  • 1345 Richard Aungerville, English bishop and writer (b. 1287)
  • 1427 John IV, duke of Brabant, dies
  • 1433 Lidwina, Dutch mystic (Christ's Bride) and saint, dies at 53
  • 1471 Richard Neville [16th Earl of Warwick], English nobleman and military commander known as Warwick the Kingmaker, slain in battle at 42
  • 1552 Laurentius Andreae, [Lars Andersson], Swedish church reformer, dies
  • 1574 Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle
  • 1574 Hendrik, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle
  • 1574 Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35
  • 1578 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1599 Henry Wallop, English statesman
  • 1662 William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)
  • 1682 Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (b. 1621)
  • 1692 Carlos de Gurrea, Spanish viceroy (Spanish Netherlands), dies
  • 1716 Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
  • 1721 Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
  • 1722 Pieter Erberveld, German-Thai merchant on Java, Indonesia. He was accused of plotting a rebellion with the Javanese, tortured and executed at around 62
  • 1764 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84
  • 1785 William Whitehead, English writer and poet, British Poet Laureate (1757-85), dies at about 70
  • 1792 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1874 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch author/engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • 1910 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1911 Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
  • 1912 Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
  • 1913 Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren), dies at 68
  • 1914 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1914 Hubert Bland, English co-founder of the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
  • 1915 James Hutton Brew, Pioneer of West African Journalism, dies
  • 1917 Lew [Lejzer L] Zamenhof, Polish doc/linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Louis Sullivan, architect (father of skyscrapers), dies at 67

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • 1924 Roland Napoleon Bonaparte, Fr officer/explorer (Surinam), dies at 65
  • 1925 Pieter D van Essen, Dutch artillery officer, dies at 54
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet, dies at 36
  • 1935 Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
  • 1941 Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies
  • 1941 Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (b. 1871)
  • 1943 Asser B Kleerekoper, SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
  • 1949 Joseph A Cushman, US paleontologist, dies at 68
  • 1950 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
  • 1953 Emmanuel K de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84
  • 1960 Archibald McIndoe, plastic surgeon, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Rachel Carson, American biologist/author (Silent Spring), dies at 56

Marine Biologist and Writer Rachel Carson
Marine Biologist and Writer
Rachel Carson
  • 1964 Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)
  • 1965 Leonard Mudie, dies of heart ailment at 82
  • 1965 Perry E Smith, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged
  • 1965 Robert E Hickok, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged
  • 1971 Armand Spitz, developer of small educational planetarium, dies
  • 1973 Minna Gombell, dies in Santa Monica CA
  • 1976 José Revueltas, Mexican writer (b. 1914)
  • 1977 Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, dies at 44
  • 1985 Enver Hoxha, Albanian leader (1944-85), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1986 Simone de Beauvoir, French author and feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex, She Came to Stay), dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1988 John Stonehouse, British politician (b. 1925)
  • 1990 Martin Kessel, writer, dies on 89th birthday
  • 1992 David Miller, dies of cancer at 82
  • 1993 Jo Boer, Dutch painter/writer/author (Heir, dies at 85
  • 1993 Sam Ntombani, ANC-secretary in Soweto South-Africa, shot to death
  • 1994 Selometsi Baholo, vice-premier of Lesotho, murdered
  • 1994 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (b. 1897)
  • 1995 Brian Coffey, Irish poet (Advent), dies at 89
  • 1995 Donald Keech, entrepreneur, dies at 74
  • 1995 Michael Scott Montague Fordham, English child psychiatrist and Jungian analyst, dies at 89
  • 1996 Benjamin "Zik" Azikiwe Nnamdi, politician, dies at 91
  • 1996 Mervyn Levy, artist/critic, dies at 81
  • 1998 Maurice Stans, American politician, Secretary of Commerce and Watergate figure, dies at 90
  • 2000 Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)
  • 2001 Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Mahmut Bakalli, Kosovo politician (b. 1936)
  • 2007 June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author and social activist (b. 1924)
  • 2008 Ollie Johnston, the last living member of Disney's Nine Old Men. (b. 1912)
  • 2011 Walter Breuning, American supercentenarian (b. 1896)