On This Day in History for April 16

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 125

  • 1457 BC Battle of Megiddo: Egyptian forces of Thutmose III defeat a large Canaanite coalition under King of Kadesh. First battle recorded with a reliable account.
  • 1178 BC A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
  • 73 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
  • 556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1071 Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
  • 1346 The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans.
  • 1395 Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
  • 1509 French army under Louis XII enters Alps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1582 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
  • 1632 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme military commander of the Holy Roman Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1746 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
  • 1780 The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

BattleBattle of Interest

1799 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 1853 The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
  • 1854 San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 1854 Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
  • 1858 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
  • 1861 US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • 1862 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1865 Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
  • 1866 Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 1866 Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
  • 1868 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 1869 Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • 1870 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1871 German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1881 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
  • 1883 Paul Kruger chosen as President of Transvaal
  • 1888 Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • 1900 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • 1908 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • 1912 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • 1913 The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1917 Vladimir Lenin issues his radical "April Theses" calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution [OS Apr 4]
  • 1918 The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
  • 1921 Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley
  • 1922 German-Russian treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized
  • 1924 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
  • 1924 Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
  • 1925 During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
  • 1926 Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
  • 1929 Cleve Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
  • 1935 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
  • 1938 Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1940 Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0
  • 1941 Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
  • 1942 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • 1943 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
  • 1943 Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
  • 1945 German troops in Groningen surrender
  • 1945 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945 US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
  • 1945 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops.
  • 1946 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt
  • 1946 NSB mayor of Rotterdam, Netherlands, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail
  • 1947 -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
  • 1947 Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
  • 1947 Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx
  • 1948 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
  • 1951 British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1956 1st solar powered radios go on sale
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 French government of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
  • 1959 Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
  • 1961 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win
  • 1962 Brazil nationalizes US businesses
  • 1964 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain's 1963 "Great Train Robbery"
  • 1965 Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket
  • 1966 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1967 Yankees beat Boston 7-6 in 18 innings
  • 1970 70 die in a snow crush (France)
  • 1970 Protestant Unionist Ian Paisley wins seat formerly held by Terence O'Neill in the Stormont (North Ireland Parliament
  • 1972 Two giant pandas arrive in US from China
  • 1972 Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)
  • 1972 Two British soldiers are shot dead by the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) in separate incidents in Derry
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Alex Haley finds his Roots in Juffure, Gambia

Writer Alex Haley
Writer
Alex Haley
  • 1979 15th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks & Mets tie 1-1
  • 1979 Failed Palestinian attack on Zaventem Airport, Belgium
  • 1979 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sam Shepard for "Buried child"
  • 1980 Delhi beat Bombay by 240 runs to win Ranji Trophy final
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Queen Elizabeth proclaims Canada's new constitution
  • 1983 Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games
  • 1984 Oakland A Dave Kingman hits 3 HRs including a grand slam
  • 1984 Pulitzer prize awarded to Mary Oliver for "American Primitive"

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1986 To dispel rumors he's dead, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi appears on TV

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1986 West Indies complete 5-0 demolition of England

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 109

  • 778 King Louis the Pious (d. 840)
  • 1319 King John II of France (d. 1364)
  • 1495 Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)
  • 1628 Cornelis Evertsen de Young, vice admiral of Zealand
  • 1635 Frans van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch painter
  • 1646 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (d. 1708)
  • 1648 John Luyken, poet/etcher (Duytse Lyre)
  • 1652 Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], Italy, Pope (1730-40)
  • 1660 Hans Sloane, England, physician/naturalist/founder (British Museum)
  • 1661 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)
  • 1682 John Hadley, mathematician/inventor (1st reflecting telescope)
  • 1693 Anne Sophie Reventlow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1743)
  • 1728 Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
  • 1738 Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)
  • 1755 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter (d. 1842)
  • 1800 William Chambers, author/publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
  • 1800 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British soldier (d. 1888)
  • 1808 Caleb Blood Smith, Secy Int (Union), (d. 1864)
  • 1816 Edward "Old Allegheny" Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist
  • 1821 Ford Maddox Brown, painter
  • 1823 Mother Joseph, [Esther Pariseau], religious leader (US capitol)
  • 1823 Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1823 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)
  • 1827 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (d. 1879)
  • 1832 John A Neuhuys, painter
  • 1844 Anatole France, writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921)
  • 1847 Hans Auer, Swiss architect, (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)
  • 1851 Ernst Josephson, Sweden, artist
  • 1859 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Jose de Diego, Puerto Rico, patriot/PR Secretary of Justice

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867 Wilbur Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Millville, Indiana (d. 1912)

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • 1871 John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • 1881 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax/ambassador to US (1940-46)
  • 1886 Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate
  • 1895 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer (d. 1948)
  • 1897 John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)
  • 1899 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
  • 1901 Leo Poos, nazi police officer (caught Dutch underground agents)
  • 1904 Clifford Case, (Sen-R-NJ)
  • 1905 John Lee-Barber, admiral
  • 1906 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist
  • 1906 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1907 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1907 Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • 1909 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian
  • 1911 William Stearn, botanist
  • 1912 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)
  • 1915 Dany [Daniel S] Tuijnman, head of Dutch traffic & water
  • 1917 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1919 Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)
  • 1919 Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Dermot O'Callaghan Grubb, prison governor
  • 1920 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1920 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo)
  • 1922 Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Kingsley Amis, English novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Leo Tindemans, Belgian statesman, Prime Minister of Belgium (1974-78), born in Zwijndrecht,
  • 1924 John Harvey-Jones, CEO (ICI)
  • 1926 Barbara Tizzard, British educator

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Pope Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger], Catholic Pope (2005-2013), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 1930 John Robson, British ambassador (Norway)
  • 1931 Piet de Visser, economist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1934 Brian Peppiatt, joint CEO (SG Warburg Securities)
  • 1934 Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)
  • 1934 Robert Stigwood, producer (Saturday Night Fever, Grease), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Sarah Kirsch, German poet
  • 1936 James Rand, British judge (Advocate General)
  • 1938 Michael Hirst, chief constable (Leicestershire England)
  • 1938 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician
  • 1939 Margaretha de Boer, Dutch minister (PvdA)
  • 1939 Reinier Lucassen, Dutch painter (Kuifje contra James Union)
  • 1940 Lord Camoys, deputy CEO (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • 1940 Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark (1972- )
  • 1940 Benoît Bouchard, French-Canadian politician
  • 1941 Cliff Stearns, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • 1943 Ewald Vanvugt, author (Kiss of Delight, Seed of Love)
  • 1945 Goran Antunac, Yugoslavia, International Chess Master (1975)
  • 1945 Tom Allen, American politician
  • 1946 Margot Adler, American journalist, born in Little Rock, AK (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant
  • 1951 Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer
  • 1951 Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer
  • 1953 J. Neil Schulman, American writer
  • 1955 Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1955 Henri, Heir Apparent Prince of Luxembourg
  • 1956 David M Brown, Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Arlington, Virginia
  • 1956 Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier
  • 1959 Scott McKinsey, American television director
  • 1960 Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician (d. 2007)
  • 1963 Tomas Libous, US politician (Senate-R-New York 1989-2015) brought down by scandal, born in Johnson City, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1964 Robert Kelker-Kelly, Wichita Kansas, (Bo-Days of our Live)
  • 1971 Frederik Nilsson, IHL forward (Team Sweden, KC (IHL)), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1976 Dan Kellner, American fencer

Weddings in History

  • 2005 "Survivor: All-Stars" winner Amber Mariano (26) weds The Amazing Race star Rob Mariano (29) at the Atlantis Resort on Paradise Island in the Bahamas

Divorces in History

  • 1816 Leading Romantic poet Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after 1 year of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 69 Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)
  • 744 al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph
  • 924 Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy
  • 1113 Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Russian prince (b. 1050)
  • 1118 Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily
  • 1198 Duke Frederick I of Austria
  • 1446 Filippo Brunelleschi, architect, dies
  • 1496 David van Bourgondie, Bishop of Utrecht (1456-96), dies at about 69
  • 1529 Louis de Berquin, French humanist/reformer/heretic, burned at stake
  • 1619 Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert, [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies
  • 1687 George Villiers 2nd duke of Buckingham, dies at 59
  • 1689 Aphra Behn, English dramatist (b. 1640)
  • 1743 Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
  • 1756 Jacques Cassini, Fr astronomer (Discover rings of Saturn), dies at 79
  • 1760 Laurence, 4th Earl Ferrers, executed for murder of his steward
  • 1783 Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
  • 1788 Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)
  • 1825 John Henry Fuseli, painter/art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
  • 1828 Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter/cartoonist, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, dies at 88

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1859 Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
  • 1860 Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
  • 1865 Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • 1870 Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
  • 1879 Bernadette, st/(saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France
  • 1888 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)
  • 1899 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)
  • 1904 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)
  • 1904 Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
  • 1914 George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76
  • 1915 Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)
  • 1928 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)
  • 1929 Abraham van Stolk Jzn, art collector, dies at 57
  • 1930 José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1931 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • 1938 Bertram Wagstaff Mills, circus proprietor, dies
  • 1941 Josiah Charles Stamp, 1st baron/statisician, dies
  • 1947 Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)
  • 1949 Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, Indon communist, executed at 54
  • 1951 Emile Erens, Dutch hagiographer (Pastor of Ars), dies at 85
  • 1955 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1958 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, dies of ovarian cancer at 37

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1959 Charles Halton, dies at 83
  • 1968 Edna Ferber, American author (American Beauty), dies at 82
  • 1970 Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
  • 1972 Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese author (Nobel 1968), dies at 72
  • 1978 Lucius D Clay, gen/gov US zone W-Germany (airlift), dies at 80
  • 1988 Jacques de Kadt, Dutch 2nd chamber member (soc-dem), dies at 90
  • 1988 Khalil al-Wazir, PLO leader, assassinated by Israeli commandos at 52
  • 1988 Warde Donovan, dies at 72
  • 1989 Tawfieq Yusuf Awwaad, Lebanese writer, dies
  • 1992 Frank Killmond, dies at 58
  • 1993 John P W Meefout, sculptor (Laying wife), dies at 77
  • 1994 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80
  • 1994 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonley Londoners), dies at 70
  • 1995 Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide
  • 1995 Iqbal Masih, Pakistani child slave labourer, activist (b. 1982)
  • 1996 Madeleine Bourdouxhe, writer, dies at 89
  • 1996 Stavros Spyros Niarchos, Greek shipowner, dies at 86
  • 1997 Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon, dies at 66
  • 1997 Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
  • 1998 Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)
  • 1998 Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 2002 Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)
  • 2003 Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
  • 2005 Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)
  • 2007 Seung-Hui Cho, Korean American murderer (b. 1984), see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre
  • 2007 Jocelyne Couture-Nowak, American instructor of French (b. 1958)
  • 2007 Kevin Granata, American professor of Engineering (b. 1961)
  • 2007 Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)
  • 2007 G. V. Loganathan, Indian American professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (b. 1954)
  • 2007 Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 2008 Edward Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (b. 1917)
  • 2008 Joseph Solman, American painter
  • 2010 Rasim Delic, Bosnian military chief of staff and war criminal (b. 1949)
  • 2010 Daryl Gates, LAPD Chief, dies at 83
  • 2012 Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping Magnate, dies at 98