On This Day in History for April 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 310 St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 387 Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
  • 1025 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
  • 1506 The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, is laid.
  • 1518 Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • 1663 Osman declares war on Austria
  • 1666 Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
  • 1676 Sudbury, Massachussetts, attacked by Indians
  • 1738 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere and William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1783 Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.
  • 1797 France & Austria sign ceasefire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1835 William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Robert Peel resigns out of frustration

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb
British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1848 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
  • 1853 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • 1856 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Colonel Robert E Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA
  • 1864 Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

  • 1868 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1876 Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • 1879 Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • 1880 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • 1881 Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1890 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
  • 1899 John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1902 Denmark is first country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
  • 1904 L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing
  • 1906 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

  • 1906 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
  • 1907 Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 Fairmont Hotel opens in San Francisco
  • 1912 The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
  • 1912 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • 1915 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1916 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Edith Wharton is appointed Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, France’s highest award, for her contribution to the war effort

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1921 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • 1921 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
  • 1923 Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • 1924 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)
  • 1925 World's Fair opens in Chicago
  • 1926 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Chiang Kai-shek forms anti-government in China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1929 Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
  • 1930 Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da.
  • 1934 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • 1935 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • 1936 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • 1938 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • 1939 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey
  • 1939 Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
  • 1942 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1944 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • 1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established
  • 1946 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)
  • 1946 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government
  • 1948 International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands
  • 1949 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • 1950 1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2
  • 1950 Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations
  • 1951 Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
  • 1951 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community
  • 1954 Colonel Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power & becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
  • 1955 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • 1955 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • 1956 Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire
  • 1958 Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1958 NL single-game record of 78,682, Giants lose to Dogers 6-5, in LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

  • 1961 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • 1963 Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
  • 1964 Artisans strike in Belgium ends
  • 1964 Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches
  • 1964 Van Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr Sloane"
  • 1968 178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System go on strike
  • 1968 Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms
  • 1968 London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
  • 1968 Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII" premieres in London
  • 1968 San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Melina Mercouri establishes Greek Aid Fund
  • 1971 Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd inning v WI after 124 in 1st
  • 1972 The Widgery Report on 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland is published, causing outrage among the people of Derry who call it the "Widgery Whitewash"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Birthdays in History

  • 1480 Lucretia Borgia, murderess (poison)/daughter (Pope Alexander VI)
  • 1521 Francois de Coligny, ruler of van Andelot, French general (Jarnac)
  • 1580 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (Game of Chess)
  • 1590 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque
  • 1732 George Colman, "the Elder
  • 1740 Francis Baring, banker/merchant
  • 1744 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist/patriot
  • 1771 Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (d. 1820)
  • 1797 Louis-Adolphe Thiers, president of France
  • 1803 Charles F Pahud de Montagnes, gov-gen of Neth East Indies (1856-61)
  • 1813 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist (d. 1865)
  • 1817 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe)
  • 1819 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • 1838 Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)
  • 1839 Henry Clarence Kendall, New South Wales Australia, poet (Bell Birds)
  • 1842 Antero Tarquinio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice)
  • 1852 George Clausen, painter
  • 1855 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Jan Steen)
  • 1857 Clarence S Darrow, defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial
  • 1859 Eduard G H H Cuypers, architect (Sanatorium High-Laren)
  • 1864 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • 1868 Didericus G van Epen, genealogist (Dutch Patriciate)
  • 1872 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, Mauston, Wisconsin, USA, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi
  • 1874 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (d. 1941)
  • 1875 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot, author (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter
  • 1888 Arnold Henry Moore Lunn, skier
  • 1889 Jessie Street, Austrialian pro womans/aborigine rights fighter
  • 1896 C Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse)
  • 1897 Ardito Desio, Italian topographer (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Lord Leatherland, British journalist/Labour peer
  • 1900 Louise Tazewell, [Louise Skiller Tazewell], entertainer
  • 1902 Giuseppe Pella, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1905 George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (1988) (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Clara Eggink, [Ebbele], Dutch poetess (Life with JC Bloem)
  • 1906 Edgar Unsworth, Justice of Appeals (Gibralter)
  • 1907 Stephen Longstreet, American writer (All or Nothing)
  • 1908 Edward Roberts, bishop (Ely)
  • 1908 Henry Guinness, missionary
  • 1910 Jamie L Whitten, (Rep-D-MS, 1941- )
  • 1911 Francis Johnson, English architect, born in Bridlington (d. 1995)
  • 1911 George Huntington Hartford II, American heir (A&P), born in NYC, New York
  • 1912 John Lapworth Holt, boat Designer
  • 1912 Wendy Barrie, Hong Kong, hostess (Wendy Barrie Show)
  • 1913 Susan Bosence, textile designer
  • 1914 Henk Lankhorst, pacifist/Dutch MP (PSP)
  • 1915 Joy Gresham Lewis, American writer, wife of C. S. Lewis (d. 1960)
  • 1917 Louise Frederika, Queen of Greece
  • 1918 Roger de Grey, president (Royal Academy)
  • 1918 Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Beryl Platt [Baroness Platt of Writtle], British Engineer, politician and CEO (Equal Opportunities Comm)
  • 1923 Leif Panduro, Danish writer ('k Have varnish on traditions)
  • 1924 Henry J Hyde, (Rep-R-IL)
  • 1924 Roy Mason [Baron Mason of Barnsley], British defense secretary and Labour MP, born in Royston, England (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Raf de Linde, [Raphael van Hecke], author (Vaarwel on Gertrude)
  • 1927 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, premier of Poland (1989-90)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist (The Clash of Civilizations) and presidential adviser, born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)

Political Scientist and Presidential Adviser Samuel P. Huntington
Political Scientist and Presidential Adviser
Samuel P. Huntington
  • 1929 Peter Hordern, British CEO (Fina)
  • 1932 Dominic Milroy, OSB/headmaster (Ampleforth College England)
  • 1933 Alan Devereux, CEO (Scottish Tourist Board)
  • 1934 Jaap Scherpenhuizen, Groningen, Netherlands, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1935 Joel Hefley, (Rep-R-Colorado)
  • 1936 Brian Fuller, commandant (Fire Service College, England)
  • 1936 Madeleine Gillian Jinkinson, medical administrator
  • 1937 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin
  • 1938 Andreas J "Cat" Liebenberg, supreme commander (South African army)
  • 1939 Thomas J. Moyer, American judge
  • 1940 Ira von Furstenberg, [Virginia Caroline] Princess (Monaco), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1940 Joseph L Goldstein, Sumter SC, physician (Nobel-1985)
  • 1942 Dick K J Tommel, chemist/(D66) Dutch Asst Sec of State (1994- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Robert Hanssen, FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • 1945 Margaret Hassan, Irish-born aid worker (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Harvey Kagan, American rocker (Sir Douglas Quintet)
  • 1946 Lenny Baker, rocker (Sha Na Na)
  • 1947 David Gee, director (Friends of the Earth)
  • 1947 Dorothy Lyman, (All my Children, Naomi-Mama's Family), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1947 Kathy Acker, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1947 Herbert Mullin, American serial killer
  • 1950 Bill Sudderth III, trumpeteer (Atlantic Star-Touch 4 Leaf Clover)
  • 1951 Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician
  • 1955 Amschel Rothschild, banker
  • 1961 Pamella Bordes, New Dehli India, British parliament prostitute
  • 1964 Niall Ferguson, British historian
  • 1965 Rob Stenders, Dutch radio discjockey
  • 1969 Princess Sayako of Japan
  • 1969 Keith R.A. DeCandido, American author
  • 1969 Sayako Kuroda, Japanese Imperial Shinto priestess and Supreme Priestess of the Ise Grand Shrine, born in Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • 1971 Kerry Lynn Kemper, Miss Nebraska USA (1996)
  • 1974 Edgar Wright, British director
  • 1976 Justin Ross, American politician
  • 2007 Hayah bint Hamzah, Princess of Jordan

Weddings in History

  • 1599 Valencia arch duke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain

HeartWedding of Interest

1951 Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz (28) weds Joyce Halverson

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Charles M. Schulz
  • 1973 American science fiction writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 5th wife Leslie (Tessa) Busby
  • 1993 Beirut-hostage Terry Anderson marries Madeleine Bassil

Deaths in History

  • 680 Mu'awijja, kalief of Al-Schaam, dies
  • 1161 Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1504 Filippino Lippi, Italian renaissance painter, dies at about 52
  • 1530 Francois Lambert d'avignon, French church reformer, dies at about 43
  • 1552 John Leland, antiquary, dies
  • 1556 Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • 1558 Roxelana, wife of Otttoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1567 Wilhelm von Grumbach, German military man, dies at 63
  • 1587 John Foxe, author (Book of Martyrs), dies
  • 1610 Robert Parsons, English jesuit leader/plotter, dies at 63
  • 1612 Emanuel Van Meteren, merchant/historian, dies
  • 1636 Julius Caesar, English judge
  • 1650 Simonds d'Ewes, English antiquarian (b. 1602)
  • 1674 John Graunt, English statistician (b. 1620)
  • 1679 Hofmannswaldau, writer, dies
  • 1684 Gonzales Cocx, [Coques], painter, dies
  • 1689 George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem/infamous judge, dies
  • 1690 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lotharingen/Austrian fieldmarshal, dies
  • 1732 Louis Feuillée, French explorer (b. 1660)
  • 1794 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
  • 1796 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, dies at 63
  • 1800 Pieter Fouquet, art merchant (Atlas of Fouquet), dies
  • 1807 Erasmus Darwin, physician writer and botanist (Influence), dies (b. 1731)
  • 1818 Pieter PJQ Ondaatje, Ceylon/Dutch lawyer, dies at 59
  • 1845 Nicholas T the Saussure, Swiss chemist/botany, dies at 77
  • 1853 William King, US VP, dies a month after his inauguration
  • 1855 Jean-Baptiste Isabey, painter, dies
  • 1867 Robert Smirke, architect, dies
  • 1871 Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 1873 Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69
  • 1879 Anthony Pannizim, principal librarian (British Museum), dies
  • 1898 Gustave Moureau, painter, dies
  • 1906 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1846)
  • 1917 Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17), dies at 73
  • 1917 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (b. 1858)
  • 1935 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist and archaeologist, dies at 90
  • 1935 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1940 Florrie Forde, music hall artist, dies
  • 1940 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, dies after being hit by a car during London blackout at 75
  • 1941 ... Korysis, PM of Greece, commits suicide
  • 1942 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (b. 1875)
  • 1943 I Yamamoto, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies
  • 1945 John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • 1945 Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • 1949 Leonard Bloomfield, linguist/philosopher, dies
  • 1951 António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (b. 1869)
  • 1955 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher/scholar, dies in Germany at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), dies of an abdominal aortic aneurysm at 76

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1958 Maurice-Gustave Gamelin, French generalissmo (WW I, WW II), dies at 85
  • 1958 Richard B Goldschmidt, German zoologist (butterflies), dies
  • 1960 Emory Johnson, director (Phantom Express, Shield of Honor), dies at 66
  • 1963 Henrietta Kreis, 3rd of famous Wallenda aerialist to fall to death
  • 1963 Meyer Jacobstein, American politician (b. 1880)
  • 1964 Ben Hecht, playwright (Child of the Century), dies at 71
  • 1965 Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (b. 1917)
  • 1974 Marcel Pagnol, French writer/movie (Topaz), dies at 79
  • 1976 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1986 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder, dies at 94
  • 1993 Arthur P Smith, US founder of Miami Planetarium, dies at 76
  • 1993 Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka (b. 1917)
  • 1993 Dame Elisabeth Frink, English sculptor and printmaker dies of cancer aged 62
  • 1994 Ken Oosterbroek, South African press photographer, shot dead at 32
  • 1995 Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (1958-62), dies
  • 1996 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner, dies at 62
  • 1996 Piet Hein, architect/poet/mathematician/inventor, dies at 80
  • 1996 Robert William Paine, architect, dies at 88
  • 1997 Edward Barker, cartoonist, dies at 46
  • 1998 Terry Sanford, American politician (b. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2002 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), dies of a brain tumor at 87

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 2003 Edgar F. Codd, English computer scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, first Prime Minister of Fiji and President of Fiji (b. 1920)
  • 2007 Iccho Itoh, mayor of Nagasaki (b. 1945)
  • 2013 Storm Thorgerson, English graphic designer, dies from cancer at 69
  • 2015 Joseph Lechleider, American electrical engineer (invented DSL/high speed internet technology), dies at 82
  • 2016 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), dies at 97